Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 50 items

  • Keywords: parsimony x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Ordinary Objects

Amie L. Thomasson

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195319910
eISBN:
9780199869602
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195319910.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Arguments that ordinary inanimate objects such as tables and chairs, sticks and stones, simply do not exist have become increasingly common. Some arguments for eliminativism are based on demands for ... More


Ancestral Sequence Reconstruction

David A Liberles (ed.)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199299188
eISBN:
9780191714979
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299188.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Ancestral sequence reconstruction is a technique of growing importance in molecular evolutionary biology and comparative genomics. As a powerful tool for testing evolutionary and ecological ... More


The Innate Endowment for Language: Underspecified or Overspecified?

Mark C. Baker

in The Innate Mind: Structure and Contents

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195179675
eISBN:
9780199869794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179675.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines two different views of universal grammar. Most linguists assume that universal grammar is underspecified — providing us with an incomplete grammar to be elaborated by learning. ... More


Dogs in historical perspective, and conceptual issues of the study of their behaviour

Ádám Miklósi

in Dog Behaviour, Evolution, and Cognition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199295852
eISBN:
9780191711688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199295852.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Dogs have always been the focus of human interest about nature. In many cultures they even won the ‘prestigious’ title of being man's best friend, whilst in others dogs did not receive such sympathy ... More


Washington State Deliberates: From Fortress Prison to De‐Escalation

Vanessa Barker

in The Politics of Imprisonment: How the Democratic Process Shapes the Way America Punishes Offenders

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195370027
eISBN:
9780199871315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370027.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter details the case study of Washington State. It shows how a democratic process based on deliberative democracy led to relatively mild penal regime, with low rates of imprisonment and high ... More


Scanlon versus Moore on Goodness

Philip Stratton-Lake and Brad Hooker

in Metaethics after Moore

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199269914
eISBN:
9780191710032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269914.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter offers a partial defence of Scanlon's buck-passing account of the relation between base properties, goodness, and practical reasons. Jonathan Dancy and Roger Crisp have both argued that ... More


Probabilistic models and their impact on the accuracy of reconstructed ancestral protein sequences

Tal Pupko, Adi Doron-Faigenboim, David A. Liberles, and Gina M. Cannarozzi

in Ancestral Sequence Reconstruction

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199299188
eISBN:
9780191714979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299188.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Modeling of sequence evolution is fundamental to ancestral sequence reconstruction. Care must be taken in choosing a model, however, as the use of unrealistic models can lead to erroneous ... More


The limits of conventional cladistic analysis

Jerrold I. Davis, Kevin C. Nixon, and Damon P. Little

in Parsimony, Phylogeny, and Genomics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297306
eISBN:
9780191713729
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297306.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Software for cladistic analysis has been widely available for more than twenty years, and a series of advances made during this time have facilitated the analysis of matrices of ever-increasing size. ... More


Using phylogeny to understand genomic evolution

David A. Liberles

in Parsimony, Phylogeny, and Genomics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297306
eISBN:
9780191713729
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297306.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

As genome sequencing projects have propagated, comparative genomics has emerged as a method of choice for understanding protein function. There are simple approaches for comparing sequences, like ... More


Compositionality and Merger Representations

K.M. Jaszczolt

in Default Semantics: Foundations of a Compositional Theory of Acts of Communication

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199261987
eISBN:
9780191718656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261987.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter contains the exposition of the new theory of default Semantics. It is proposed that the problems with compositionality of meaning can be solved when compositionality is viewed ‘one level ... More


Assessing Confirmatory Factor Analysis: Model Fit and Model Revision

Donna Harrington

in Confirmatory Factor Analysis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195339888
eISBN:
9780199863662
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195339888.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter examines how to determine whether a confirmatory factor analysis model fits well, including a discussion of the various fit indices available, which ones to use, and thresholds for ... More


Rules and Schemata

Ekkehart Schlicht

in On Custom in the Economy

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292241
eISBN:
9780191596865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292244.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics, History of Economic Thought

Custom consists of a set of regularities that may be described as rules. This chapter explores the nature of rules as cognitive entities, and what distinguishes rules from arbitrary associations ... More


Phylogenetic Relationships within Heliodinidae and Systematics of Moths Formerly Assigned to Heliodines Stainton (Lepidoptera: Yponomeutoidea)

Yu-Feng Hsu

Ronald Carter and William Hayes (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520098473
eISBN:
9780520916067
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520098473.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Heliodinids are tiny, brightly colored dayflying moths. This book proposes phylogenetic relationships among genera of Heliodinidae using parsimony and character compatibility, and describes and ... More


Extended Simples and Diachoric Identity

Hud Hudson

in The Metaphysics of Hyperspace

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199282579
eISBN:
9780191712463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282579.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

A substantivalist dualist who believes in spacetime and material objects is committed to a relation of occupation or location. This chapter explores different candidate descriptions of this relation ... More


The Seven Properties of Good Models

XAVIER GABAIX and DAVID LAIBSON

in The Foundations of Positive and Normative Economics: A Hand Book

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195328318
eISBN:
9780199851768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328318.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Models are significant as they are used to provide a supposedly reliable description or representation of the world. Most of the models that scientists attempt to generate and analyze are based on ... More


Pseudoscience: The Conspiracy Against Science

Allison B. Kaufman and James C. Kaufman (eds)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780262037426
eISBN:
9780262344814
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037426.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In a post-truth, fake news world, we are particularly susceptible to the claims of pseudoscience. When emotions and opinions are more widely disseminated than scientific findings, and self-proclaimed ... More


Interpreting the Republican Theory

John Braithwaite and Philip Pettit

in Not Just Deserts: A Republican Theory of Criminal Justice

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240563
eISBN:
9780191680205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240563.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter shows where the republican target of promoting dominion is likely to lead the criminal justice system. It illustrates what the comprehensiveness requirement means in practical policy ... More


Phylogeny reconstruction: overview

ZIHENG YANG

in Computational Molecular Evolution

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198567028
eISBN:
9780191728280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567028.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter provides an overview of phylogeny reconstruction methods. It introduces some basic concepts used to describe trees and discusses general features of tree-reconstruction methods. Distance ... More


Comparison of methods and tests on trees

ZIHENG YANG

in Computational Molecular Evolution

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198567028
eISBN:
9780191728280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567028.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses two problems: the evaluation of statistical properties of tree reconstruction methods and tests of the significance of estimated phylogenies. Section 6.1 discusses criteria for ... More


Molecular Evolution: A Statistical Approach

Ziheng Yang

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199602605
eISBN:
9780191782251
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199602605.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This book summarizes the statistical models and computational algorithms for comparative analysis of genetic sequence data in the fields of molecular evolution, molecular phylogenetics, and ... More


View: