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The Origins and Evolution of Modern Parole

Joan Petersilia

in When Prisoners Come Home: Parole and Prisoner Reentry

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195160864
eISBN:
9780199943395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195160864.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter discusses the early evolution of parole in the United States and its use in modern sentencing practices. Parole is similar to probation in that both refer to the supervision of an ... More


Three Strikes : Baseball to Crime

Ted Gest

in Crime and Politics: Big Government's Erratic Campaign for Law and Order

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195103434
eISBN:
9780199833887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195103432.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Much of the increase in crime that hit the US in the 1980s and 1990s was blamed on habitual offenders. For many years, prison wardens and parole boards had decided when most inmates would be ... More


The Changing Nature of Parole: Supervision and Services

Joan Petersilia

in When Prisoners Come Home: Parole and Prisoner Reentry

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195160864
eISBN:
9780199943395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195160864.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter describes parole supervision (as distinguished from parole release) as it is practiced today. The major criticisms of parole release (e.g., unwarranted discretion and ineffectiveness) ... More


In Defense of the Saussurean View of Grammar

Frederick J. Newmeyer

in Possible and Probable Languages: A Generative Perspective on Linguistic Typology

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199274338
eISBN:
9780191706479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199274338.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families

This chapter argues in favor of the classical Saussurean position with respect to the relationship between knowledge of language and use of language, providing evidence in support of the idea that ... More


Conclusions: When Punitive Policies Backfire

Joan Petersilia

in When Prisoners Come Home: Parole and Prisoner Reentry

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195160864
eISBN:
9780199943395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195160864.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter presents concluding remarks, reflecting on the political and practical challenges, as well as the potential payoffs, of enhancing reentry strategies. For most offenders, corrections does ... More


Transformation in Prisoner: What a Difference a Decade Makes

Joan Petersilia

in When Prisoners Come Home: Parole and Prisoner Reentry

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195160864
eISBN:
9780199943395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195160864.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter expresses a cautious optimism that the focus on parole and prisoner reentry is here to stay and that reentry will serve as the major conceptual framework for organizing criminal justice ... More


Introduction and Overview: The Emerging Importance of Prisoner Reentry to Crime and Community

Joan Petersilia

in When Prisoners Come Home: Parole and Prisoner Reentry

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195160864
eISBN:
9780199943395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195160864.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This book assembles and analyzes the relevant information pertaining to prisoner reentry: the systems, people, programs, and prospects for implementing a more effective and just system. This chapter ... More


The Victim’s Role in Prisoner Reentry

Joan Petersilia

in When Prisoners Come Home: Parole and Prisoner Reentry

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195160864
eISBN:
9780199943395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195160864.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter focuses on the current and potential roles that victims might play in managing prisoner reentry. It discusses the legal rights of victims to be notified of a parolee's release and to ... More


What to Do?: Reforming Parole and Reentry Practices

Joan Petersilia

in When Prisoners Come Home: Parole and Prisoner Reentry

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195160864
eISBN:
9780199943395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195160864.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter offers twelve concrete policy suggestions for reforming parole and enhancing prisoner reintegration. These options are grouped into four areas: the in-prison experience, prisoner release ... More


On the Parole Board: Reflections on Crime, Punishment, Redemption, and Justice

Frederic G. Reamer

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780231177337
eISBN:
9780231543323
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231177337.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

Few people experience life inside of prison. Even fewer are charged with the responsibility of deciding whether inmates should be released. In his twenty-four years on the Rhode Island Parole Board, ... More


Introduction

Catherine A Appleton

in Life after Life Imprisonment

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199582716
eISBN:
9780191702341
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199582716.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This book explores ‘life after life imprisonment’ for the first cohort of discretionary life-sentenced prisoners who were released into the community following these significant changes to the life ... More


Freedom Gon’ Come

Cassandra Adams

in Interrupted Life: Experiences of Incarcerated Women in the United States

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520252493
eISBN:
9780520944565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520252493.003.0064
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

In her poem entitled “Freedom Gon' Come,” Cassandra Adams laments that her freedom, which she got when she was released from prison on parole, means nothing because of the negative stereotypes held ... More


Elements of the Expanded Model in Minnesota, Other Sentencing Systems, and Model Codes

Richard S. Frase

in Just Sentencing: Principles and Procedures for a Workable System

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199757862
eISBN:
9780199979547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199757862.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter demonstrates support for the wisdom and viability of the proposed model by identifying examples of its principles and procedures embodied in modern sentencing laws, practices, and ... More


Contraceptive Risk: The FDA, Depo-Provera, and the Politics of Experimental Medicine

William Green

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781479876990
eISBN:
9781479825929
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479876990.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

The odyssey of Depo-Provera is a study of the politics of contraceptive drug risk management, which involves a lengthy struggle over the scientific assessment of the drug's health risk and ... More


Discretionary Justice: Pardon and Parole in New York from the Revolution to the Depression

Carolyn Strange

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781479899920
eISBN:
9781479843619
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479899920.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

The pardon is an act of mercy, tied to the divine right of kings. Why did New York retain this mode of discretionary justice after the Revolution? And how did the advent of the penitentiary and the ... More


Betrayals: Fort William Henry and the "Massacre"

Ian K. Steele

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195084269
eISBN:
9780199853977
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195084269.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

On the morning of August 9, 1757, British and colonial officers defending the besieged Fort William Henry surrendered to French forces, accepting the generous “parole of honor” offered by General ... More


Introduction: Honourable Surrender in Early Modern European History, 1500–1789

John A. Lynn II

in How Fighting Ends: A History of Surrender

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199693627
eISBN:
9780191741258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693627.003.0031
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The late Middle Ages witnessed the European invention of honorable surrender, which promised survival to elite warriors who yielded, while it provided ransoms to their captors. During the early ... More


Language in the Pensées

Nicholas Hammond

in Playing with Truth: Language and the Human Condition in Pascal's Pensées

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198158936
eISBN:
9780191673412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198158936.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

Perhaps the major difference between the use of ‘paroles’ in this letter and the function of words in the Pensées lies in the fact that the polemicist, despite his recognition of the inadequacy of ... More


American Exceptionalism in Parole Release and Supervision: A European Perspective

Dirk van Zyl Smit and Alessandro Corda

in American Exceptionalism in Crime and Punishment

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190203542
eISBN:
9780190203566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190203542.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter focuses on American exceptionalism in parole release and supervision. It first establishes a clear understanding of what is meant by granting parole and parole supervision in the United ... More


Life Is Different

Elizabeth Beck, Sarah Britto, and Arlene Andrews

in In the Shadow of Death: Restorative Justice and Death Row Families

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195179415
eISBN:
9780199893799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179415.003.0008
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Crime and Justice

This chapter seeks to answer the question of how is a death sentence is different from life without the possibility of parole. In order to do so, the experiences of loved ones whose family members' ... More


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