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Citizenship through Participation

Lisa L. Miller

in The Perils of Federalism: Race, Poverty, and the Politics of Crime Control

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195331684
eISBN:
9780199867967
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331684.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter explores in more detail the nature and quality of interaction citizen groups have with the policy process in the two urban locales studied. In particular, the chapter addresses the two ... More


Parochialism, Altruism, and War

Samuel Bowles and Herbert Gintis

in A Cooperative Species: Human Reciprocity and Its Evolution

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151250
eISBN:
9781400838837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151250.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter examines the coevolution of two genetically transmitted individual traits, parochialism and altruism, each providing the conditions for the evolutionary success of the other, and both ... More


Seven Lessons from the 1990s

Franklin E. Zimring

in The Great American Crime Decline

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195181159
eISBN:
9780199944132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181159.003.0091
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter isolates seven important lessons that can be derived from the known facts regarding crime in the 1990s and provides a brief summary of the evidence for each. These lessons are as ... More


Political Theologies: Public Religions in a Post-Secular World

Hent de Vries and Lawrence E. Sullivan (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823226443
eISBN:
9780823237043
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823226443.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

What has happened to religion in its present manifestations? In recent years, Enlightenment secularization, as it appeared in the global spread of political structures that relegate ... More


A Global Crisis

Kiran Klaus Patel

in The New Deal: A Global History

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149127
eISBN:
9781400873623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149127.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter sets the stage and interprets the Great Depression as a global event, as a time of testing for both democracy and capitalism. The Great Depression was not solely an American experience, ... More


On the Nature of Law

Joseph Raz

in Between Authority and Interpretation: On the Theory of Law and Practical Reason

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199562688
eISBN:
9780191705342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562688.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter begins with a discussion of the universality of the theses of the general theory of law. It argues that all successful legal theories are parochial; that success can be obtained only ... More


Are Human Rights Western?: A Contribution to the Dialogue of Civilizations

Arvin Sharma

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195679489
eISBN:
9780199081714
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195679489.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This book attempts to examine the assumptions that human rights are Western, that Westerners have ‘their own concept of human rights’, and that ‘Western ideas of human rights have dominated ... More


A Glittering Scene: Joseph Drury and Byron’s Harrow, 1785–1805

Christopher Tyerman

in A History of Harrow School 1324–1991

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198227960
eISBN:
9780191678776
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198227960.003.0010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History, British and Irish Modern History

Harrow School at the end of the 18th century presents a deceptive image. As with English society itself, behind the successful pursuit and maintenance of traditional outward forms and structures, ... More


The United States in the World Community:: The Limits of National Sovereignty

Douglas S. Massey

in The Fractious Nation?: Unity and Division in Contemporary American Life

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520220430
eISBN:
9780520936911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520220430.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter counters the parochialism of so much of the American discussion by placing migration decisions in their larger global context. It emphasizes that the globalization of capital and labor ... More


Parochialism as a Result of Cognitive Biases

Jonathan Baron

in Understanding Social Action, Promoting Human Rights

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195371895
eISBN:
9780199979127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371895.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

In Chapter 8, psychologist and expert on judgment and decision making Jonathan Baron identifies cognitive biases whereby individuals sacrifice self-interest for the benefit of in-group ... More


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