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Citizenship through Participation

Lisa L. Miller

in The Perils of Federalism: Race, Poverty, and the Politics of Crime Control

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195331684
eISBN:
9780199867967
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331684.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter explores in more detail the nature and quality of interaction citizen groups have with the policy process in the two urban locales studied. In particular, the chapter addresses the two ... More


Parochialism, Altruism, and War

Samuel Bowles and Herbert Gintis

in A Cooperative Species: Human Reciprocity and Its Evolution

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151250
eISBN:
9781400838837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151250.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter examines the coevolution of two genetically transmitted individual traits, parochialism and altruism, each providing the conditions for the evolutionary success of the other, and both ... More


Seven Lessons from the 1990s

Franklin E. Zimring

in The Great American Crime Decline

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195181159
eISBN:
9780199944132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181159.003.0091
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter isolates seven important lessons that can be derived from the known facts regarding crime in the 1990s and provides a brief summary of the evidence for each. These lessons are as ... More


Political Theologies: Public Religions in a Post-Secular World

Hent de Vries and Lawrence E. Sullivan (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823226443
eISBN:
9780823237043
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823226443.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

What has happened to religion in its present manifestations? In recent years, Enlightenment secularization, as it appeared in the global spread of political structures that relegate ... More


A Global Crisis

Kiran Klaus Patel

in The New Deal: A Global History

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149127
eISBN:
9781400873623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149127.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter sets the stage and interprets the Great Depression as a global event, as a time of testing for both democracy and capitalism. The Great Depression was not solely an American experience, ... More


On the Nature of Law

Joseph Raz

in Between Authority and Interpretation: On the Theory of Law and Practical Reason

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199562688
eISBN:
9780191705342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562688.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter begins with a discussion of the universality of the theses of the general theory of law. It argues that all successful legal theories are parochial; that success can be obtained only ... More


Are Human Rights Western?: A Contribution to the Dialogue of Civilizations

Arvin Sharma

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195679489
eISBN:
9780199081714
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195679489.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This book attempts to examine the assumptions that human rights are Western, that Westerners have ‘their own concept of human rights’, and that ‘Western ideas of human rights have dominated ... More


A Glittering Scene: Joseph Drury and Byron’s Harrow, 1785–1805

Christopher Tyerman

in A History of Harrow School 1324–1991

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198227960
eISBN:
9780191678776
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198227960.003.0010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History, British and Irish Modern History

Harrow School at the end of the 18th century presents a deceptive image. As with English society itself, behind the successful pursuit and maintenance of traditional outward forms and structures, ... More


The United States in the World Community:: The Limits of National Sovereignty

Douglas S. Massey

in The Fractious Nation?: Unity and Division in Contemporary American Life

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520220430
eISBN:
9780520936911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520220430.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter counters the parochialism of so much of the American discussion by placing migration decisions in their larger global context. It emphasizes that the globalization of capital and labor ... More


Parochialism as a Result of Cognitive Biases

Jonathan Baron

in Understanding Social Action, Promoting Human Rights

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195371895
eISBN:
9780199979127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371895.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

In Chapter 8, psychologist and expert on judgment and decision making Jonathan Baron identifies cognitive biases whereby individuals sacrifice self-interest for the benefit of in-group ... More


Prologue: A Community at War

Ken Miller

in Dangerous Guests: Enemy Captives and Revolutionary Communities during the War for Independence

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450556
eISBN:
9780801454943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450556.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This book examines early American identity formation by focusing on the encounters between revolutionaries and their British and German prisoners in Lancaster during the Revolutionary War. Centrally ... More


“Enemies of Our Peace”: Captives, the Disaffected, and the Refinement of American Patriotism

Ken Miller

in Dangerous Guests: Enemy Captives and Revolutionary Communities during the War for Independence

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450556
eISBN:
9780801454943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450556.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter examines how Lancaster's militants vented an aggressive patriotism that coexisted uneasily with their stubbornly persistent parochialism during the Revolutionary War. Following General ... More


Changing Places, Changing Cultures: Divergent Jewish Political Cultures

Daniel J. Elazar

in Divergent Jewish Cultures: Israel and America

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300084269
eISBN:
9780300130218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300084269.003.0015
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter places the possibility of forming a distinctive American-Jewish identity within a discrete historical framework, and contrasts it with the historical possibilities that were obtained in ... More


Change: discourses of agency and progress in organisational change

Jonathan Hearn

in Salvage Ethnography in the Financial Sector: The Path to Economic Crisis in Scotland

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780719087998
eISBN:
9781526128492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719087998.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines how HBOS staff were coping with and making sense of rapid organisational change during the early days of merger. But more specifically, using material from staff training ... More


Eudora Welty and Surrealism

Stephen M. Fuller

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781617036736
eISBN:
9781621039143
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781617036736.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

This book surveys Eudora Welty’s fiction during the most productive period of her long writing life. It shows how the 1930s witnessed the arrival of surrealism in the United States largely through ... More


The Future of Madrasas

Ebrahim Moosa

in What Is a Madrasa?

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781469620138
eISBN:
9781469623337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469620138.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter reflects on the future of madrasas. It argues that the future of madrasas is constrained by the inability of madrasa communities to make informed decisions about the complex world they ... More


Voice of the Faithful and the Struggle for Catholic Pluralism

Peter McDonough

in The Catholic Labyrinth: Power, Apathy, and a Passion for Reform in the American Church

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199751181
eISBN:
9780199345076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751181.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Voice of the Faithful, a movement that arose “out of the pews” in response to the Boston Globe's exposé of sexual abuse, has been confined mostly to the Northeastern U.S. The ambiguity of the ... More


Utopia and Actuality: What is to Be Done with Really Existing Socialism?

in The Skin of the System: On Germany's Socialist Modernity

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804762472
eISBN:
9780804772488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804762472.003.0002
Subject:
History, Political History

The end of the Cold War and the collapse of “really existing” socialism in Eastern Europe were two critical events that have had an impact on cultural studies. This chapter examines the strategies of ... More


Speaking and answering in the character of another: James Hogg's private memoirs

in Labyrinths of Deceit: Culture, Modernity and Identity in the Nineteenth Century

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780853238492
eISBN:
9781846315404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/UPO9781846315404.003
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

James Hogg's 1824 novel, The Private Memoirs and Confessions of a Justified Sinner, exemplifies duality in fiction. Set in the late seventeenth and early eighteenth century in the Scottish lowlands, ... More


Socratic Torah Contested

Jenny R. Labendz

in Socratic Torah: Non-Jews in Rabbinic Intellectual Culture

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199934560
eISBN:
9780199345793
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199934560.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter and the following one analyze four rabbinic texts in which rabbinic students object to their teachers' employment of Socratic Torah. The authors of these passages intend to portray the ... More


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