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Investigating MEPs' Attitudes

Roger Scully

in Becoming Europeans?: Attitudes, Behaviour, and Socialization in the European Parliament

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199284320
eISBN:
9780191603365
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199284326.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter examines survey evidence regarding the potential impact of institutional socialisation processes in the European Parliament on MEPs’ attitudes. Parliamentarians’ opinions on a variety of ... More


Czech Political Parties Prefer Male Candidates to Female Votes

Steven Saxonberg

in Women's Access to Political Power in Post-Communist Europe

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199246861
eISBN:
9780191601965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246866.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines the reasons behind low female representation in the Czech parliament. It is argued that the nominating process is the biggest obstacle faced by female politicians. The absence ... More


Whom to Represent? Role Orientations of Legislators in Europe

Bernhard Wessels

in Political Representation and Legitimacy in the European Union

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296614
eISBN:
9780191600227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296614.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter is the fifth of six on the question of political representation in the EU. It analyses to what extent institutional differences between the member‐states of the EU are constraining the ... More


Wishful Thinking Among European Parliamentarians

Sören Holmberg

in Political Representation and Legitimacy in the European Union

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296614
eISBN:
9780191600227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296614.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter is the last of six on the question of political representation in the EU. It examines the extent to which European parliamentarians have the correct view of voters’ preferences, and the ... More


A Confucian Constitutional Order: How China's Ancient Past Can Shape Its Political Future

Jiang Qing

Daniel A. Bell and Ruiping Fan (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154602
eISBN:
9781400844845
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154602.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

As China continues to transform itself, many assume that the nation will eventually move beyond communism and adopt a Western-style democracy. But could China develop a unique form of government ... More


War in England 1642-1649

Barbara Donagan

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199285181
eISBN:
9780191713668
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285181.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This book focuses on answering a misleadingly simple question: in terms of ordinary lives what kind of a war was the English civil war? Eschewing descriptions of specific battles or analyses of ... More


The Supervisory System of Confucian Constitutionalism: Reflections on the Supervision of the State by the Academy

Jiang Qing

in A Confucian Constitutional Order: How China's Ancient Past Can Shape Its Political Future

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154602
eISBN:
9781400844845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154602.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter proposes another institution—the Academy—that is meant to further restrain the power of parliamentarians. In Western constitutionalism, power is limited by means of rights. In Confucian ... More


Towards a Regional Political Class?: Professional Politicians and Regional Institutions in Catalonia and Scotland

Klaus Stolz

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719079795
eISBN:
9781781703120
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719079795.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Focusing on professional politicians, this book investigates the interrelationship between political career patterns and political institutions in two of the most widely discussed cases of ... More


War and Civil War

Barbara Donagan

in War in England 1642-1649

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199285181
eISBN:
9780191713668
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285181.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter examines the ways in which the laws of war applicable between nations were justified, adapted, and sustained in a civil war, and then looks at the regulations designed to produce an ... More


Outside the Law?

Barbara Donagan

in War in England 1642-1649

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199285181
eISBN:
9780191713668
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285181.003.0011
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter examines the observance of the laws of war. It considers the distinction between prejudice against certain groups and outlawry from the codes of war. For instance, Parliamentarian ... More


Armies

Barbara Donagan

in War in England 1642-1649

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199285181
eISBN:
9780191713668
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285181.003.0012
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter discusses the armies of the civil war. The armies of the civil war were large by contemporary English standards. In 1628, it was estimated that 24,000 men were necessary for an offensive ... More


Men

Barbara Donagan

in War in England 1642-1649

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199285181
eISBN:
9780191713668
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285181.003.0014
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter focuses on the soldiers in the civil war. It argues that soldiers constantly behaved better than unflattering convention predicted. Even raw troops could win praise for dogged resolution ... More


Boarstall House 1645–1646

Barbara Donagan

in War in England 1642-1649

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199285181
eISBN:
9780191713668
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285181.003.0015
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter details the siege of Boarstall House, a small-scale military event that dragged on to the middle of 1646. By then, the defenders' obstinate refusal to admit that their party had been ... More


Colchester 1648: ‘The Mournfull City’

Barbara Donagan

in War in England 1642-1649

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199285181
eISBN:
9780191713668
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285181.003.0016
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter details the siege of the city of Colchester, which was a focus of national attention when war was renewed in the spring and summer of 1648. It was a nasty, long, and major military ... More


Colchesters Teares: Fire, Hunger, and Atrocity

Barbara Donagan

in War in England 1642-1649

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199285181
eISBN:
9780191713668
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285181.003.0017
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter focuses on the outcome of the siege of the city of Colchester. The siege of Colchester was uncommonly harsh in the suffering it brought to soldiers and civilians. Much in the military ... More


Reciprocity, Negotiation, and Surrender

Barbara Donagan

in War in England 1642-1649

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199285181
eISBN:
9780191713668
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285181.003.0018
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter focuses on negotiation and surrender at the end of the siege of Colchester. It argues that the treatment of prisoners, methods of negotiation, and conceptions of honour retained their ... More


Colchester: The Aftermath

Barbara Donagan

in War in England 1642-1649

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199285181
eISBN:
9780191713668
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285181.003.0019
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter focuses on the aftermath of the siege of Colchester. Parliament's victory at Colchester did not lead to immediate relaxation and reconstruction. To most parliamentarians, danger and ... More


Conclusion

Barbara Donagan

in War in England 1642-1649

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199285181
eISBN:
9780191713668
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285181.003.0020
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This concluding chapter presents a synthesis of discussions in the preceding chapters. The preceding chapters have attempted to convey something of the actuality of the civil war, and the responses ... More


Introduction Approaches to Thomas Edwards's Gangraena

Ann Hughes

in Gangraena and the Struggle for the English Revolution

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199251926
eISBN:
9780191719042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199251926.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

This chapter explores the ways in which historians have used Gangraena as a source, and explains how new approaches to the history of print culture, the history of the book, and of reading will be ... More


Conclusions

Ann Hughes

in Gangraena and the Struggle for the English Revolution

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199251926
eISBN:
9780191719042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199251926.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

This chapter covers Edwards’s death in Amsterdam in 1648 and explores the impact of Gangraena on later parliamentarian divisions. It looks at the changing readings of Gangraena from the mid 17th ... More


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