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Parasitism and Ecosystems

Frédéric Thomas, François Renaud, and Jean-François Guegan (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198529873
eISBN:
9780191712777
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529873.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

Ecologists, epidemiologists, and evolutionary biologists are increasingly aware of the significance of parasites in the study of ecosystems. This book provides a summary of the issues involved as ... More


Insect Infection and Immunity: Evolution, Ecology, and Mechanisms

Jens Rolff and Stuart Reynolds (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199551354
eISBN:
9780191720505
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551354.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

Under continual attack from both microbial pathogens and multicellular parasites, insects must cope with immune challenges every day of their lives. However, this has not prevented them from becoming ... More


A Red Bird in a Brown Bag: The Function and Evolution of Colorful Plumage in the House Finch

Geoffrey E. Hill

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195148480
eISBN:
9780199893683
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195148480.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The House Finch is among the most mundane birds, so ubiquitous and familiar across the U.S. and Canada that it does not rate a glance from most bird enthusiasts. But males have carotenoid-based ... More


Parasites and their impacts on orangutan health

Ivona Foitová, Michael A. Huffman, Nurcahyo Wisnu, and Milan Olšanský

in Orangutans: Geographic Variation in Behavioral Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199213276
eISBN:
9780191707568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213276.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Good health results from homeostasis: the balancing, through continuous interaction, of an organism’s myriad dynamic physiological processes. Parasitology allows us to gain important information not ... More


Testing hypotheses about parasite-mediated selection using odonate hosts

Mark R. Forbes and Tonia Robb

in Dragonflies and Damselflies: Model Organisms for Ecological and Evolutionary Research

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199230693
eISBN:
9780191710889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230693.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

Parasites are thought to select for host traits, such as elaborate ornaments and intricate immune systems. Dragonflies have proven useful hosts for studying parasite-mediated selection. This chapter ... More


Territoriality in odonates

Jukka Suhonen, Markus J. Rantala, and Johanna Honkavaara

in Dragonflies and Damselflies: Model Organisms for Ecological and Evolutionary Research

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199230693
eISBN:
9780191710889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230693.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

This chapter discusses causes and consequences of territorial behaviour in odonates. In territorial species, males may use two mating tactics or strategies that may be environmentally or genetically ... More


The extended phenotype within the colony and how it obscures social communication

David P Hughes

in Sociobiology of Communication: an interdisciplinary perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199216840
eISBN:
9780191712043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216840.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Societies of social insects are paragons of communication. Multiple channels exist between different members and the transmitted information ranges from specifying the location of foraging areas to ... More


Communication between hosts and social parasites

Davod R. Nash and Jacobus J. Boomsma

in Sociobiology of Communication: an interdisciplinary perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199216840
eISBN:
9780191712043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216840.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

All parasites need to evade host defences to be successful. Social parasites, however, face unique challenges and opportunities. Their hosts are particularly well defended against intruders, but ... More


Disease Ecology: Community structure and pathogen dynamics

Sharon K. Collinge and Chris Ray (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567080
eISBN:
9780191717871
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567080.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

Many infectious diseases of recent concern, including malaria, cholera, plague, and Lyme disease, have emerged from complex ecological communities involving multiple hosts and their associated ... More


The Immune Response to Infectious Disease: All Out War!

William R. Clark

in In Defense of Self: How the Immune System Really Works

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195336634
eISBN:
9780199868568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336634.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter deals with the body's response to disease caused by infection with bacteria, viruses, or other microbes. The fundamental response is based on inflammation, which is mediated by the ... More


Subverting hosts and diverting ecosystems: an evolutionary modelling perspective

Sam P. Brown, Jean-Baptiste André, Jean-Baptiste Ferdy, and Bernard Godelle

in Parasitism and Ecosystems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198529873
eISBN:
9780191712777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529873.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter argues that parasite-induced changes in host phenotypes can have a dramatic impact on the community structure of their free-living hosts. It begins with a review of host-manipulation ... More


Virus-Host Dynamics in a Complex Milieu

Joshua S. Weitz

in Quantitative Viral Ecology: Dynamics of Viruses and Their Microbial Hosts

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161549
eISBN:
9781400873968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161549.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter introduces a series of dynamic models for exploring the mechanisms underlying the emergent features of complex ecosystems. Models of complex food webs including viral parasites reflect ... More


Pollination Using Florivores: From Brood Site Mutualism to Active Pollination

Pat Willmer

in Pollination and Floral Ecology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128610
eISBN:
9781400838943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128610.003.0026
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines brood site mutualisms, where the pollinators are florivores. In brood site mutualisms, the pollinators are sometimes referred to as nursery pollinators. Here pollination success ... More


“Parasites upon Society”

Janet Y. Chen

in Guilty of Indigence: The Urban Poor in China, 1900-1953

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691152103
eISBN:
9781400839988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691152103.003.0003
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter explores how the metaphor equating the nonworking poor with “parasites” became ingrained in sociological thinking. In the first decade of the Republic, the advent of sociology as a new ... More


Community epidemiology

Sharon K. Collinge and Chris Ray

in Disease Ecology: Community structure and pathogen dynamics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567080
eISBN:
9780191717871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567080.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

The purpose of this book is to highlight exciting recent advances in theoretical and empirical research which has been conducted towards a greater understanding of the importance of community ... More


Extending the principles of community ecology to address the epidemiology of host-pathogen systems

Robert D. Holt and Andrew P. Dobson

in Disease Ecology: Community structure and pathogen dynamics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567080
eISBN:
9780191717871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567080.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

Most emerging diseases involve more than one host, and many involve complex host-pathogen communities. The epidemiology of host-pathogen communities is explored through the analysis of ‘community ... More


The community ecology of Vibrio cholerae

Kathryn L. Cottingham and Julia M. Butzler

in Disease Ecology: Community structure and pathogen dynamics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567080
eISBN:
9780191717871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567080.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

Vibrio cholerae, the causal agent of cholera, is a heterotrophic bacterium found in aquatic environments around the world. Although understanding the ecology of V. cholerae is ... More


Sexual and Social Behavior of Crustacea: A Way Forward

J. Emmett Duffy and Martin Thiel

in Evolutionary Ecology of Social and Sexual Systems: Crustaceans as Model Organisms

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195179927
eISBN:
9780199790111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179927.003.0021
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

The Crustacea represents one of the major branches in the tree of animal life, displaying diversity in form and lifestyle that rival those of the vertebrates and insects. But perhaps because of the ... More


Multiple guilds

David M. Wilkinson

in Fundamental Processes in Ecology: An earth systems approach

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568469
eISBN:
9780191717611
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568469.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

The problems faced by a hypothetical planet with only one species strongly suggest that any functioning ecological system must have organisms from at least two major ecological guilds: autotrophs and ... More


Morbidity and mortality

Vernon Reynolds

in The Chimpanzees of the Budongo Forest: Ecology, Behaviour and Conservation

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198515463
eISBN:
9780191705656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515463.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Studies of intestinal parasites show that the Budongo chimpanzees live with numerous gut nematodes which they tolerate well. Self-medication is achieved by swallowing the leaves of Aneilema ... More


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