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Introduction

Julie Mazzei

in Death Squads or Self-Defense Forces?: How Paramilitary Groups Emerge and Challenge Democracy in Latin America

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807833063
eISBN:
9781469605524
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807898611_mazzei.4
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This book begins by explaining that paramilitary groups (PMGs) should be distinguished from the range of other politically violent actors in order to understand paramilitary emergence. The author of ... More


Colombia's paramilitary Triad

Julie Mazzei

in Death Squads or Self-Defense Forces?: How Paramilitary Groups Emerge and Challenge Democracy in Latin America

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807833063
eISBN:
9781469605524
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807898611_mazzei.8
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This chapter shows that as Colombia's paramilitaries became more organized and centralized, their objectives were made increasingly clear to the Colombian people. Initially, the paramilitary groups ... More


Paramilitary Groups of Chiapas Targets, Triad, Foot Soldiers

Julie Mazzei

in Death Squads or Self-Defense Forces?: How Paramilitary Groups Emerge and Challenge Democracy in Latin America

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807833063
eISBN:
9781469605524
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807898611_mazzei.6
Subject:
History, Latin American History

Paramilitary groups started emerging during a period of intense political discord within the PRI. As early as 1995, those who feared their interests would be marginalized or ignored by the party ... More


Conclusion the PMG Triad

Julie Mazzei

in Death Squads or Self-Defense Forces?: How Paramilitary Groups Emerge and Challenge Democracy in Latin America

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807833063
eISBN:
9781469605524
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807898611_mazzei.11
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This book concludes by describing paramilitary groups as the political manifestation of profound uncertainty among a cross-section of a country's most resourced sectors. They emerge of out a process ... More


Precursors to Colombia's Autodefensas

Julie Mazzei

in Death Squads or Self-Defense Forces?: How Paramilitary Groups Emerge and Challenge Democracy in Latin America

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807833063
eISBN:
9781469605524
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807898611_mazzei.7
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This chapter focuses on the internal conflict in Colombia, which dated back more than four decades, with State security forces pitted against several insurgent guerrilla groups. During the late 1980s ... More


Life at the Crossfire: An Introduction to Colombia’s Violence and Its Context

Clemencia Rodríguez

in Citizens' Media against Armed Conflict: Disrupting Violence in Colombia

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816665839
eISBN:
9781452946443
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816665839.003.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Latin American Cultural Anthropology

This chapter first sets out the book’s purpose, namely to explore how Colombian communities cornered by armed groups use media and information and communication technologies to buffer, answer, and in ... More


Death Squads or Self-Defense Forces?: How Paramilitary Groups Emerge and Challenge Democracy in Latin America

Julie Mazzei

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807833063
eISBN:
9781469605524
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807898611_mazzei
Subject:
History, Latin American History

In an era when the global community is confronted with challenges posed by violent nonstate organizations—from FARC in Colombia to the Taliban in Afghanistan—our understanding of the nature and ... More


The Rationality of War, 1972–74

Feargal Cochrane

in Northern Ireland: The Reluctant Peace

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300178708
eISBN:
9780300194869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300178708.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter focuses on events that happened in Northern Ireland during the period of 1972–1974. By the middle of 1972, Northern Ireland had settled into its new, ugly reality. The Catholic and ... More


Political and tactical change among former prisoners

Peter Shirlow, Jonathan Tonge, James McAuley, and Catherine McGlynn

in Abandoning Historical Conflict?: Former Political Prisoners and Reconciliation in Northern Ireland

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719080111
eISBN:
9781781703038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719080111.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The contribution of paramilitary prisoners to conflict transformation remains a surprisingly under-stated aspect of the Northern Ireland peace process. Former prisoners have utilised the ... More


‘We Must Go Forward!’

Gabriel Sheffer

in Moshe Sharett: Biography of a Political Moderate

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198279945
eISBN:
9780191684326
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198279945.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The military struggle, in which the Yishuv was already deeply involved, evolved on three fronts: with the British military forces that had begun their withdrawal from the territory; with local ... More


Chiapas History Sets the Stage for Paramilitarism

Julie Mazzei

in Death Squads or Self-Defense Forces?: How Paramilitary Groups Emerge and Challenge Democracy in Latin America

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807833063
eISBN:
9781469605524
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807898611_mazzei.5
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This chapter focuses on the paramilitary groups (PMGs) that emerged in Chiapas subsequent to the Zapatista uprising; together they are believed to have committed more than 15,000 murders, displaced ... More


Citizens' Media against Armed Conflict: Disrupting Violence in Colombia

Clemencia Rodríguez

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816665839
eISBN:
9781452946443
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816665839.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Latin American Cultural Anthropology

For two years, fieldwork was carried out in regions of Colombia where leftist guerillas, right-wing paramilitary groups, the army, and drug traffickers made their presence felt in the lives of ... More


Conclusion

Heather Hamill

in The Hoods: Crime and Punishment in Belfast

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780691180687
eISBN:
9781400836734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691180687.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This concluding chapter comments on the changing political scene in Northern Ireland and reflects on the effect that these changes will have on the roles and functions of the various Republican and ... More


The Organization of Education

Alessandro Orsini

in Sacrifice: My Life in a Fascist Militia

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781501709838
eISBN:
9781501709630
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501709838.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This introductory chapter provides important information regarding the world of Sacrifice, a neofascist organization. Sacrifice supports revolutionary Fascism, an initial stage in which paramilitary ... More


The Professional Western: South of the Border

Noël Carroll

in Engaging the Moving Image

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300091953
eISBN:
9780300133073
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300091953.003.0016
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

The topic of this chapter is a series of four thematically related American Westerns: Vera Cruz, The Magnificent Seven, The Professionals, and The Wild Bunch. In each, a group of American mercenaries ... More


Contemporary Threats: Insurgency and Terrorism

Kenneth Watkin

in Fighting at the Legal Boundaries: Controlling the Use of Force in Contemporary Conflict

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780190457976
eISBN:
9780190458003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190457976.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter explores the threat of insurgency and contrasts it with how terrorism and terrorists are described. The analysis looks at the emerging threats posed by criminal insurgencies and the ... More


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