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Celsus: A Platonist Attack

Henry Chadwick

in The Church in Ancient Society: From Galilee to Gregory the Great

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246953
eISBN:
9780191600463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246955.003.0016
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The behaviour of Christian martyrs persecuted from the time of Nero onwards drew great attention to the Church. Celsus, a Greek contemporary of Irenaeus, whose philosophical ideas were those of an ... More


Pagans and Philosophers: The Problem of Paganism from Augustine to Leibniz

John Marenbon

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142555
eISBN:
9781400866359
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142555.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

From the turn of the fifth century to the beginning of the eighteenth, Christian writers were fascinated and troubled by the ‘Problem of Paganism’, which this book identifies and examines for the ... More


The Beauty of the Primitive: Shamanism and Western Imagination

Andrei A. Znamenski

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195172317
eISBN:
9780199785759
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172317.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

For the past forty years shamanism has drawn increasing attention among the general public and academics. So far no one has tried to understand why and how Western intellectual and popular culture ... More


General Conclusion

John Marenbon

in Pagans and Philosophers: The Problem of Paganism from Augustine to Leibniz

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142555
eISBN:
9781400866359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142555.003.0017
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This concluding chapter provides some final insights into the history surrounding the Problem of Paganism. First, the chapter considers how the progress of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance in ... More


Pagan City and Christian Capital: Rome in the Fourth Century

John R Curran

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199254200
eISBN:
9780191715150
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199254200.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions

The critical century between the arrival of Constantine and the advance of Alaric in the early 5th century witnessed dramatic changes in the city of Rome. This book breaks away from the usual notions ... More


From Paganism to Christianity

J. M. Wallace‐Hadrill

in The Frankish Church

Published in print:
1983
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269069
eISBN:
9780191600777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269064.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The Franks, or any other Germanic people, were not pagan one day and Christian the next; this simple solution does no justice to the texts and is overthrown by archaeological evidence. Fifth‐century ... More


Introduction

John Marenbon

in Pagans and Philosophers: The Problem of Paganism from Augustine to Leibniz

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142555
eISBN:
9781400866359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142555.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This introductory chapter discusses the ‘Problem of Paganism’ and premise of this issue, as well as the scope and methods this volume will undertake in unraveling the subject. The Problem posited ... More


Prelude: Before Augustine

John Marenbon

in Pagans and Philosophers: The Problem of Paganism from Augustine to Leibniz

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142555
eISBN:
9781400866359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142555.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter provides a prelude into the terms of the Problem of Paganism, as it would be discussed in the West until the end of the seventeenth century. It begins by looking at the earliest ... More


John of Salisbury and the Encyclopaedic Tradition

John Marenbon

in Pagans and Philosophers: The Problem of Paganism from Augustine to Leibniz

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142555
eISBN:
9781400866359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142555.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter details John of Salisbury's role in addressing the Problem of Paganism. For him, as for Abelard, who was briefly his teacher, the Problem of Paganism is a constant concern, which is ... More


Langland and Chaucer

John Marenbon

in Pagans and Philosophers: The Problem of Paganism from Augustine to Leibniz

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142555
eISBN:
9781400866359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142555.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter turns to another pair struggling with the Problem of Paganism: William Langland and Geoffrey Chaucer. For Langland, the Problem is an issue addressed directly, with the focus on the ... More


Pagan Knowledge, 1400–1700

John Marenbon

in Pagans and Philosophers: The Problem of Paganism from Augustine to Leibniz

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142555
eISBN:
9781400866359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142555.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter turns to the first of the three aspects of the Problem of Paganism — knowledge, virtue, and salvation — which is examined here for the period 1400–1700. It begins by looking at ... More


Pagan Virtue, 1400–1700

John Marenbon

in Pagans and Philosophers: The Problem of Paganism from Augustine to Leibniz

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142555
eISBN:
9781400866359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142555.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter turns to the second aspect of the Problem of Paganism: virtue. The dominant view among scholastic theologians in the late thirteenth and fourteenth centuries was that pagans could be ... More


The Salvation of Pagans, 1400–1700

John Marenbon

in Pagans and Philosophers: The Problem of Paganism from Augustine to Leibniz

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142555
eISBN:
9781400866359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142555.003.0015
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines how sixteenth- and seventeenth-century theologians faced a new theological challenge in light of new evidence that there exists millions of virtuous pagans who had had no chance ... More


Light, Vision, and the Unity of Book 3

David Quint

in Inside Paradise Lost: Reading the Designs of Milton's Epic

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161914
eISBN:
9781400850488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161914.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter looks at book 3 of Paradise Lost, which sets apart an invisible God and heaven from the visible universe, divine light from sunlight. Book 3 points to a contrast between the internal ... More


Absolute Misotheism I: Paganism, Radicalism, and Algernon Swinburne’s War Against God

Bernard Schweizer

in Hating God: The Untold Story of Misotheism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199751389
eISBN:
9780199894864
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751389.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Algernon Swinburne is possibly the first unapologetic misotheist who did not choose self-censorship and concealment but rather boldly announced his hatred of God. This earned him much hostility in ... More


Collision: Explicating Divine Identity

C. Kavin Rowe

in World Upside Down: Reading Acts in the Graeco-Roman Age

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195377873
eISBN:
9780199869459
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377873.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter argues that Luke narrates the Christian mission to the Gentiles in Acts as an apocalypse (e.g., Luke 2:32). At its core, the Christian mission claims to be a revelation of God. Inasmuch ... More


Satan Transformed: Comparative Religion

Dominic Janes

in Victorian Reformation: The Fight Over Idolatry in the Church of England, 1840-1860

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195378511
eISBN:
9780199869664
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378511.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Chapter four focuses upon the significance of comparative religion on the readings of Catholicism in early 19th-century England. Intense contact with Hinduism in India, combined with classical ... More


The Frankish Church

J. M. Wallace-Hadrill

Published in print:
1983
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269069
eISBN:
9780191600777
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269064.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This book, the first of its kind in English, surveys the development of the Frankish Church under the Merovingian and Carolingian kings (c.500–900 a.d.), and the special difficulties that it ... More


Socrates under the Severans 1

C. C. W. Taylor

in Pleasure, Mind, and Soul: Selected Papers in Ancient Philosophy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199226399
eISBN:
9780191710209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226399.003.0019
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter compares the treatment of Socrates by Christian writers of the late 2nd and early 3rd centuries AD with that by pagan authors of the same period. The Christians divided between those who ... More


The Trinity in Art

David Brown

in The Trinity: An Interdisciplinary Symposium on the Trinity

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246120
eISBN:
9780191600531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246122.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Theology

David Brown identifies three main types of approaches to artistic representations of the Trinity: triadic, societal, and incarnational forms. In each case, he stresses the need to judge art in ... More


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