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Engaging America, Defying Militarism: 1915–18

Martin Ceadel

in Living the Great Illusion: Sir Norman Angell, 1872-1967

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199571161
eISBN:
9780191721762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571161.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

This chapter reveals how the tensions in Angell's thought caused him to be associated with contradictory viewpoints on different sides of the Atlantic. Visiting America (May 1915–May 1916) he came to ... More


Lysistrata the warrior

Alan H. Sommerstein

in Talking about Laughter: And Other Studies in Greek Comedy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199554195
eISBN:
9780191720604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554195.003.0012
Subject:
Classical Studies, Plays and Playwrights: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter argues that neither Aristophanes, nor his creation Lysistrata, can reasonably be regarded as a pacifist, or even as an unconditional advocate of ending the current war against Sparta. ... More


Walking in the Way of Peace: Quaker Pacifism in the Seventeenth Century

Meredith Baldwin Weddle

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195131383
eISBN:
9780199834839
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019513138X.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

“All bloody principles and practices we do utterly deny” – so pronounced a small band of the first English Quakers in 1660, renouncing wars, fighting, and weapons and enunciating principles of peace ... More


A War of Individuals: Bloomsbury Attitudes to the Great War

Jonathan Atkin

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719060700
eISBN:
9781781700105
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719060700.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

The Great War still haunts us. This book draws together examples of the ‘aesthetic pacifism’ practised during the Great War by such celebrated individuals as Virginia Woolf, Siegfried Sassoon and ... More


“All Things Have Their Beginnings”

Meredith Baldwin Weddle

in Walking in the Way of Peace: Quaker Pacifism in the Seventeenth Century

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195131383
eISBN:
9780199834839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019513138X.003.0016
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The Quaker peace testimony, like violence itself, is complex, encompassing many dualisms, such as its extreme individualism while asserting one Truth, the importance of motive as well as behavior, ... More


The Realist–Pacifist Summit Meeting of March 1942 and the Political Reorientation of Ecumenical Protestantism in the United States

David A. Hollinger

in After Cloven Tongues of Fire: Protestant Liberalism in Modern American History

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158426
eISBN:
9781400845996
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158426.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter analyzes the consolidation in 1942 of the two major, religiously defined institutional forces of the entire period from World War II to the present. The Delaware Conference of March 3–5, ... More


Civil War America

Peter Brock (ed.)

in Liberty and Conscience: A Documentary History of Conscientious Objectors in America through the Civil War

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151220
eISBN:
9780199870424
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195151224.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Thirteen documents are presented, with an introductory text, illustrating the experiences of conscientious objectors in America in the Civil War. This war presented many pacifists, especially in the ... More


‘The Truest Form of Patriotism’: Pacifist Feminism in Britain, 1870–1902

Heloise Brown

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719065309
eISBN:
9781781700457
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719065309.001.0001
Subject:
History, Political History

This book explores the pervasive influence of pacifism on Victorian feminism. It provides an account of Victorian women who campaigned for peace, and of the many feminists who incorporated pacifist ... More


. Cracks in the Foundations (1928–1933)

Norman Ingram

in The Politics of Dissent: Pacifism in France 1919-1939

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198222958
eISBN:
9780191678547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198222958.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Pacifist ideas in France during the interwar period can be characterized as a slow process of internalization and expression. The principles advocated by the APD remained constant and unchanging in ... More


Introduction

Martin Ceadel

in Semi-Detached Idealists: The British Peace Movement and International Relations, 1854-1945

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241170
eISBN:
9780191696893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241170.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Peace activists in Britain can be described as semi-detached idealists, and in 1854 they opposed a decision to go to war. By the end of World War II they were in a state of shock, fired by the issue ... More


Quickening, August 1898–August 1914

Martin Ceadel

in Semi-Detached Idealists: The British Peace Movement and International Relations, 1854-1945

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241170
eISBN:
9780191696893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241170.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

A quickened interest in the peace movement was sparked by The Tsar's Rescript of August 29, 1898 inviting other countries to a peace conference. Its ideas suddenly became prominent: the Hague ... More


Polarization, January 1936–March 1939

Martin Ceadel

in Semi-Detached Idealists: The British Peace Movement and International Relations, 1854-1945

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241170
eISBN:
9780191696893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241170.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Britain's attitude towards international relations was altered by the triple crisis of 1936: the remilitarization of the Rhineland, the final defeat of Abyssinia in May, and the outbreak of the ... More


Conclusion

Martin Ceadel

in Semi-Detached Idealists: The British Peace Movement and International Relations, 1854-1945

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241170
eISBN:
9780191696893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241170.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The peace movement in Britain had lost a little of its detachment by the end of World War II and the idealism it promoted diminished somewhat, but its special sense of mission remained unabated. Even ... More


Peace and War

Graham Neville

in Radical Churchman: Edward Lee Hicks and the New Liberalism

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198269779
eISBN:
9780191683794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269779.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This chapter describes Bishop Hicks as a man of peace, but he did not advocate ‘peace at any price’. It notes that at the turn of the century no political party actually took that line; they merely ... More


American Pacifism, the “Greatest Generation,” and World War II

Scott H. Bennett

in The United States and the Second World War: New Perspectives on Diplomacy, War, and the Home Front

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823231201
eISBN:
9780823240791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823231201.003.0010
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines both secular and religious pacifists, the movement's reaction to prewar preparedness, the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, the vital role that peace ... More


Introduction

Norman Ingram

in The Politics of Dissent: Pacifism in France 1919-1939

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198222958
eISBN:
9780191678547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198222958.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

France during 1920s and 1930s contained a plethora of pacifists groups of various inspirations and orientations. However, there was no large encompassing pacifist organization in France. Indeed, the ... More


. Years of Growth (1930–1934)

Norman Ingram

in The Politics of Dissent: Pacifism in France 1919-1939

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198222958
eISBN:
9780191678547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198222958.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter focuses on the years the new pacifism advanced and garnered considerable growth. In this chapter, the focus is centred on the Ligue international des combatants de la paix, an important ... More


. Challenges to Intégralité (1934–1938)

Norman Ingram

in The Politics of Dissent: Pacifism in France 1919-1939

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198222958
eISBN:
9780191678547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198222958.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses the changes and the challenges in the peace policies of the LCIP. From 1930 to 1933, the LCIP's pacifism was largely negative. Its rejection of war and call for peace were ... More


The Politics of the National Service Act

L. V. SCOTT

in Conscription and the Attlee Governments: The Politics and Policy of National Service 1945–1951

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204213
eISBN:
9780191676154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204213.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Military History

This chapter discusses the National Service Act and the history and diversity of Labour objections to conscription and to the situation that existed in government in the PLP from the autumn of 1946 ... More


Nonviolence as universal love: origins and Gandhi’s supplements to Tolstoy—dilemmas,successes, and failures

Richard Sorabji

in Gandhi and the Stoics: Modern Experiments on Ancient Values

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199644339
eISBN:
9780191745812
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644339.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Gandhi was converted to non-violence by Tolstoy's Christian conception of it as love for all. He valued it, whether used in resistance, or not. Supplementing Tolstoy, he selected resisters who could ... More


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