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Liberty and Conscience: A Documentary History of Conscientious Objectors in America through the Civil War

Peter Brock (ed.)

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151220
eISBN:
9780199870424
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195151224.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

While conscientious objection in the twentieth century has been well documented, there has been surprisingly little study of its long history in America's early conflicts, defined as these have been ... More


Innocents, Double Effect and Proportionality

Uwe Steinhoff

in On the Ethics of War and Terrorism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199217373
eISBN:
9780191712470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217373.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Appealing to the doctrine of double effect, just war theorists claim that only the direct and intentional killing of innocents violates their rights, but not the mere acceptance of their killing as a ... More


“Fervent Hopes”: Pacifism and Human Rights

Ray A. Moore and Donald L. Robinson

in Partners for Democracy: Crafting the New Japanese State Under MacArthur

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151169
eISBN:
9780199833917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515116X.003.0016
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Recounts the intense debate in the revision committee over Article 9, renouncing war and armed forces, and the contents of the bill of rights (Chapter III). The chapter reveals sharp quarrels between ... More


England, Ireland, Scotland, Wales: The Christian Church 1900-2000

Keith Robbins

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198263715
eISBN:
9780191714283
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198263715.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity, Church History

The book takes a wide-ranging look at all of the main bodies — Anglican, Free Church, Presbyterian, Roman Catholic — which collectively make up ‘the Christian Church’. Their distinctive beliefs, ... More


Just War, 1914–1918

Keith Robbins

in England, Ireland, Scotland, Wales: The Christian Church 1900-2000

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198263715
eISBN:
9780191714283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198263715.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity, Church History

This chapter examines the First World War, considering reactions to the outbreak and British intervention. Civil war in Ireland (and perhaps in the UK as a whole) appeared imminent and bitterly ... More


‘Christian Civilization’ in Jeopardy, 1933–1953

Keith Robbins

in England, Ireland, Scotland, Wales: The Christian Church 1900-2000

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198263715
eISBN:
9780191714283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198263715.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity, Church History

This chapter positions the churches in the European crisis of the 1930s. It notes a flourishing of Christian pacifism, strong Catholic support for Franco, broad approval of ‘appeasement’ of German ... More


The Nature and Destiny of Serious Theology

Samuel Wells

in Reinhold Niebuhr and Contemporary Politics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199571833
eISBN:
9780191722264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571833.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter is organized into five parts. First, it takes Niebuhr's essay ‘Why the Christian Church is not Pacifist’, and sets out its arguments as a characteristic Niebuhr manifesto. It then ... More


Introduction

Norman Ingram

in The Politics of Dissent: Pacifism in France 1919-1939

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198222958
eISBN:
9780191678547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198222958.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

France during 1920s and 1930s contained a plethora of pacifists groups of various inspirations and orientations. However, there was no large encompassing pacifist organization in France. Indeed, the ... More


Globalizing Christian ‘Sisterhood’, 1900–1930

Elizabeth E. Prevost

in The Communion of Women: Missions and Gender in Colonial Africa and the British Metropole

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199570744
eISBN:
9780191722097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570744.003.0008
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter brings together the work of women in the African mission field with women's social activism in Britain, by looking at the Mothers' Union's attempts to reconceptualize the empire in ... More


The Culture of War in Europe, 1750–1815

David A. Bell

in The Crisis of the Absolute Monarchy: France from Old Regime to Revolution

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265383
eISBN:
9780191760433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265383.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter examines the development of the ‘culture of war’ in Europe, focusing on France, from the Old Regime through the First Empire. It argues that before the Revolution, French aristocratic ... More


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