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Oxygen: A Four Billion Year History

Donald Eugene Canfield

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145020
eISBN:
9781400849888
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145020.001.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

The air we breathe is 21 percent oxygen, an amount higher than on any other known world. While we may take our air for granted, Earth was not always an oxygenated planet. How did it become this way? ... More


Physiological Basis of the BOLD Signal

Jozien Goense and Nikos K. Logothetis

in Simultaneous EEG and fMRI: Recording, Analysis, and Application

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195372731
eISBN:
9780199776283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372731.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and other non-invasive imaging methods have greatly expanded our knowledge of human brain function. Although MRI was invented in the early 1970s and has ... More


Neoproterozoic Oxygen and The Rise of Animals

Donald Eugene Canfield

in Oxygen: A Four Billion Year History

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145020
eISBN:
9781400849888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145020.003.0010
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter considers the significance of the Ediacaran Fauna. Until the late 1980s, the Ediacaran Fauna were usually thought to represent ancient, primitive animal forms. Debate was sparked when ... More


Interrelationships between epilepsy, sleep, and memory

Nikolai Axmacher

in Epilepsy and Memory

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199580286
eISBN:
9780191739408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580286.003.0021
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter first summarizes data on the neural correlate of the initial step of declarative memory formation, i.e., of encoding which either leads to a feeling of familiarity or to conscious ... More


A ‘win’ in medical Russian roulette

William A. Silverman

in Where's the Evidence?: Debates in Modern Medicine

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192630889
eISBN:
9780191723568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630889.003.0045
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents a 1997 commentary on the extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) trial for neonates with respiratory failure. The ECMO experiences shows that there are significant national ... More


An introduction to functional magnetic resonance imaging of the brain

Paul M. Matthews

in Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging: An Introduction to Methods

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192630711
eISBN:
9780191724770
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630711.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter provides an overview of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) methods and applications, highlighting key concepts and strategies, and includes the full range of techniques by ... More


Ultra-fast fMRI

Richard A. Jones, Jason A. Brookes, and Chrit T.W. Moonen

in Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging: An Introduction to Methods

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192630711
eISBN:
9780191724770
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630711.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Brain activation is known to lead to enhanced perfusion which, together with other physiological changes, results in a decreased deoxyhaemoglobin concentration in regions of neuronal activity. This ... More


Oxygen

Jon F. Harrison, H. Arthur Woods, and Stephen P. Roberts

in Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Insects

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199225941
eISBN:
9780191774607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199225941.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Ecology

This chapter talks about the central insect respiratory problem – their capability of regulating oxygen delivery to tissues under variable internal and external conditions – pinpointing in particular ... More


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