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The Settler

Robert Garland

in Wandering Greeks: The Ancient Greek Diaspora from the Age of Homer to the Death of Alexander the Great

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161051
eISBN:
9781400850259
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161051.003.0003
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter looks at settlements. The Ionian migration, which was in the nature of a mass exodus, led principally to the settlement of the Aegean islands and the (now Turkish) Western Anatolian ... More


The Repugnant Conclusion

Derek Parfit

in Reasons and Persons

Published in print:
1986
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198249085
eISBN:
9780191598173
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019824908X.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Is it better if more people live? This chapter examines the effects of population growth on existing people, overpopulation, whether a decline in the quality of life could always be made up for by a ... More


The Absurd Conclusion

Derek Parfit

in Reasons and Persons

Published in print:
1986
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198249085
eISBN:
9780191598173
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019824908X.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Examines cases of conceiving a happy or a wretched child; how contractualism cannot solve questions about our obligations to future generations; whether outcomes can be worse if they are worse for no ... More


Europe on the Brink

Donald Bloxham

in The Final Solution: A Genocide

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199550333
eISBN:
9780191701535
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550333.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Europe experienced the peak of its superiority over other nations during the twentieth century. With the advent of urbanization and the emancipation of the serfs in the Russian and Austrian empires, ... More


On the Cusp: From Population Boom to Bust

Charles S. Pearson

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780190223915
eISBN:
9780190223946
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190223915.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This book traces world population growth and (prospective) decline using the lens of economic demography. The starting point is the flawed theory of Malthus in 1798; the end point is unknown, but ... More


One Child: Do We Have a Right to More?

Sarah Conly

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780190203436
eISBN:
9780190203450
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190203436.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This book argues that at present we don’t have a right to have more than one child. The world is suffering serious environmental degradation, and we can foresee that as the population rises this ... More


Enlightenment's Frontier: The Scottish Highlands and the Origins of Environmentalism

Fredrik Albritton Jonsson

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300162547
eISBN:
9780300163742
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300162547.001.0001
Subject:
History, Environmental History

This book investigates the environmental roots of the Scottish Enlightenment. What was the place of the natural world in Adam Smith's famous defense of free trade? The author recovers the forgotten ... More


Corsi e Ricorsi : In Vico’s Wake

Claude Lévi-Strauss

in We Are All Cannibals: And Other Essays

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780231170680
eISBN:
9780231541268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231170680.003.0017
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Theory and Practice

Vico's theory of history as repetition


The Western Range Goes Global: Neo-Malthusianism and Pastoral Development

Nathan F. Sayre

in The Politics of Scale: A History of Rangeland Science

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226083117
eISBN:
9780226083391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226083391.003.0007
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Cultural and Historical Geography

Range science was the only institutionalized science dedicated to rangelands when international pastoral development programs began following World War II. The concept of carrying capacity lay at the ... More


Global concerns and future scenarios

Lawrence R. Walker

in The Biology of Disturbed Habitats

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199575299
eISBN:
9780191774836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575299.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Anthropogenic disturbances are abusing our limited resources, which might lead to the collapse of human civilization, unless we are able to manage our resources in a sustainable manner. What we need ... More


Literature, Futurology, or Philosophy?: The Futurological Congress

Iris Vidmar and Peter Swirski

in Lemography: Stanislaw Lem in the Eyes of the World

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9781781381205
eISBN:
9781781382141
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781781381205.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

This chapter cast a critical light on Stanislaw Lem’s futurological tour de force, The Futurological Congress. Analyzing how this short novel plays out Lem’s favourite epistemic theme of unattainable ... More


Introduction: Talking About Demography in Israel

Alon Tal

in The Land Is Full: Addressing Overpopulation in Israel

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780300216882
eISBN:
9780300224955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300216882.003.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This introductory chapter begins by discussing demographic trends in Israel, in particular its population growth which has resulted in a social and environmental crisis. Rapid demographic growth ... More


To Understand Me, You’ll Have to Swallow a World: Margins, Multitudes, and the Nation in Salman Rushdie’s Midnight’s Children

Mrinalini Chakravorty

in In Stereotype: South Asia in the Global Literary Imaginary

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231165969
eISBN:
9780231537766
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231165969.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter considers the stereotypical representation of crowds and overpopulation in Salman Rushdie's narrative, Midnight's Children. The novel's overarching theme centers on the anxieties ... More


Universal Rights?: Population Control and the Powers of Reproductive Freedom

Alison Bashford

in Global Population: History, Geopolitics, and Life on Earth

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231147668
eISBN:
9780231519526
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231147668.003.0012
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter explores the reproductive politics of postwar eugenics and overpopulation concerns, as well as that of a reproductive “freedom” that eventually transcended to a “human right.” ... More


Waste Lands: Sovereignty and the Anticolonial History of World Population

Alison Bashford

in Global Population: History, Geopolitics, and Life on Earth

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231147668
eISBN:
9780231519526
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231147668.003.0005
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter illustrates the intimate relationship between colonialism and world population growth. For a time, the colonizing of global empty spaces—“waste lands”—was rationalized as a means to ... More


Soil and Food: Agriculture and the Fertility of the Earth

Alison Bashford

in Global Population: History, Geopolitics, and Life on Earth

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231147668
eISBN:
9780231519526
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231147668.003.0007
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter concerns the politicizing forces of food and agriculture, as well as their impact on global nutrition and thus, population. Consider the soil—the primary foundation of agriculture and ... More


Sex: The Geopolitics of Birth Control

Alison Bashford

in Global Population: History, Geopolitics, and Life on Earth

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231147668
eISBN:
9780231519526
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231147668.003.0008
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter discusses the geopolitics of birth control—more specifically in its implications towards the broader and (during the 1920s) more significant concern of food security and overpopulation. ... More


Kiritimati

Mark J. Rauzon

in Isles of Amnesia: The History, Geography, and Restoration of America's Forgotten Pacific Islands

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824846794
eISBN:
9780824868314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824846794.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

Formerly called Christmas Island, Kiritimati is the largest island in the new country of Kiribati, established in 1979. It was named by Captain James Cook, the first westerner to discover this atoll, ... More


Conclusion: Dystopia in the Twenty-First Century

Gregory Claeys

in Dystopia: A Natural History

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198785682
eISBN:
9780191827471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198785682.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Ideas, World Modern History

The Conclusion summarizes the major lines of argument presented in the book as a whole. It then also contends that a ‘dystopian turn’ in the literary and cinematic representation of the future ... More


The Social Disvalue of Premature Deaths

Hilary Greaves

in Weighing and Reasoning: Themes from the Philosophy of John Broome

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199684908
eISBN:
9780191765223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199684908.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Much public policy analysis requires us to place a monetary value on the badness of a premature human death. Currently dominant approaches to determining this ‘value of a life’ focus exclusively on ... More


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