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Overdiagnosis: Mammography’s Burden

Handel Reynolds

in The Big Squeeze: A Social and Political History of the Controversial Mammogram

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450938
eISBN:
9780801466007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450938.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter discusses mammography-induced breast cancer overdiagnosis, which represents the most significant detrimental consequences of screening. Until recently the issue has received almost no ... More


The Meaning of Memory Loss: Illness, Identity, and Biography

Renée L. Beard

in Living with Alzheimer's: Managing Memory Loss, Identity, and Illness

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781479800117
eISBN:
9781479855377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479800117.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This introductory chapter presents the topic of the book, Alzheimer’s illness narratives, and outlines the remaining chapters. While AD is currently constructed as a problem of epidemic proportion, ... More


Fair Is Fair: Parity for Mental Health Coverage

Timothy A. Kelly

in Healing the Broken Mind: Transforming America's Failed Mental Health System

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814748121
eISBN:
9780814749104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814748121.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter argues that “parity” must be implemented so that mental health treatment coverage matches physical health coverage. More specifically, it proposes health insurance that would provide as ... More


ADHD in Medicine

Susan C. C. Hawthorne

in Accidental Intolerance: How We Stigmatize ADHD and How We Can Stop

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199977383
eISBN:
9780199369928
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199977383.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

In medicine, the concept of ADHD blends elements from broader disease concepts, ideas about mental illness, social concerns with signs of hyperactivity or inattentiveness, scientific knowledge about ... More


Overdiagnosis and overtreatment: Beware of guidelines with expanded disease definitions

Ray Moynihan

in Shared Decision Making in Health Care: Achieving evidence-based patient choice

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780198723448
eISBN:
9780191790096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723448.003.0020
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Along with other aspirations, shared decision making (SDM) has the laudable aim of bringing more scrutiny of evidence into our health care choices, including assessing the risks and benefits of all ... More


Cancer Screening

Jennifer M. Croswell, Russell P. Harris, and Barnett S. Kramer

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190238667
eISBN:
9780190238698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190238667.003.0063
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

Screening has long been portrayed as an inherently beneficial activity that saves lives, rather than as a complex mixture of potential benefits and harms that must be carefully weighed for each ... More


Overdiagnosis and Overtreatment: Implications for Bedside Rationing

Howard Brody

in Fair Resource Allocation and Rationing at the Bedside

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199989447
eISBN:
9780190207489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199989447.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that overdiagnosis and overtreatment account for such a large part of health care expenditures that physician attention to reducing such overuse might in and of itself provide a ... More


Effectiveness and Medicalization

Jacob Stegenga

in Medical Nihilism

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198747048
eISBN:
9780191809170
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198747048.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter further articulates the hybrid account of effectiveness presented in Chapter 2 and applies it to several pressing problems with disease attribution. A medical intervention can act at ... More


Safe or Sorry? Cancer Screening and Inductive Risk

Anya Plutynski

in Exploring Inductive Risk: Case Studies of Values in Science

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780190467715
eISBN:
9780190467753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190467715.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The general assumption behind cancer screening has been that early diagnosis and treatment is effective at reducing cancer-related mortality; this is broadly speaking true, for some cancer screening ... More


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