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The Possibility of Knowledge

Quassim Cassam

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199208319
eISBN:
9780191708992
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208319.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

How is knowledge of the external world possible? How is knowledge of other minds possible? How is a priori knowledge possible? These are all examples of ‘how-possible’ questions in epistemology. In ... More


General Introduction

Stephen G. Post

in Altruism and Health: Perspectives from Empirical Research

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182910
eISBN:
9780199786794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182910.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

This introductory chapter begins by defining the term altruism. Altruism, for the purposes of this volume, refers to a fundamental orientation of the agent that is primarily ‘other-regarding’, in ... More


The Kamar

S.C. Dube

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198077312
eISBN:
9780199081158
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198077312.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This book takes a comprehensive look at the Kamar tribe, an aboriginal tribe located within the Central Province (present day Chhattisgarh) of India. It presents an anthropological monograph on the ... More


The Formula: Politics in War

Andreas Herberg‐Rothe

in Clausewitz's Puzzle: The Political Theory of War

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199202690
eISBN:
9780191707834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199202690.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The problem with Clausewitz's world-renowned formula depends on an internal tension within his concept of policy/politics. This tension invalidates neither his formula nor his theory, but it has to ... More


The Auld Enemy

Asifa Hussain and William Miller

in Multicultural Nationalism: Islamophobia, Anglophobia, and Devolution

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199280711
eISBN:
9780191604102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280711.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

Questions in the 2003 Scottish Social Attitudes Survey were used to compare Islamophobia with four other Scottish phobias: sectarianism (primarily anti-Catholic), and phobias about Europe, Asylum ... More


Conclusions

Michael Ostling

in Between the Devil and the Host: Imagining Witchcraft in Early Modern Poland

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199587902
eISBN:
9780191731228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587902.003.0013
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History, Social History

This conclusion reviews the themes of the book, in particular its notion of ‘imagining witchcraft’. Drawing on the work of Jonathan Z. Smith, it claims that witchcraft, like religion, is a ... More


 No Way Out: Sartre's No Exit and “Being‐for‐Others”

Robert C. Solomon

in Dark Feelings, Grim Thoughts: Experience and Reflection in Camus and Sartre

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195181579
eISBN:
9780199786602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195181573.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Sartre’s No Exit is a conscientiously trite play that explores some profound truths about what Sartre (in Being and Nothingness) calls Being-for-Others. No Exit presents us with three perverse ... More


The Absolute Point of View

Srinivasa Rao

in Advaita: A Contemporary Critique

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198079811
eISBN:
9780199081707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198079811.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The idea of the primacy of the Absolute’s point of view is a fundamental requirement in Advaita. Using this point of view as the criterion, Advaita declares the empirical world to be not real. But ... More


Salvation for All: God's Other Peoples

Gerald O'Collins, SJ

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199238903
eISBN:
9780191696794
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238903.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This book examines in depth and at length what the Old Testament and the New Testament hold about the salvation of God's ‘other peoples’. The Bible repeatedly witnesses to the universal scope of the ... More


 The Kantian Sublime: A Story in Two Paradoxes

Bonnie Mann

in Women's Liberation and the Sublime: Feminism, Postmodernism, Environment

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195187458
eISBN:
9780199786565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195187458.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

The turn of the century was marked by a preoccupation with relationships of Otherness, both internal and external to Europe. In establishing his difference from these Others, the Euro-masculine ... More


 Liturgical Selfhood: Hermann Cohen's “Religion of Reason”

Steven Kepnes

in Jewish Liturgical Reasoning

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195313819
eISBN:
9780199785650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313819.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Cohen's Religion of Reason is based on careful textual reasonings of Torah and creative interpretations of Jewish liturgies such as the Sabbath and High Holidays. Cohen places liturgy at the crucial ... More


 RATIONAL IMAGINING, RESPONSIBLE KNOWING

Lorraine Code

in Ecological Thinking: The Politics of Epistemic Location

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195159431
eISBN:
9780199786411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195159438.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Although knowing other people often seems to offer better exemplars of the complexity of knowing than does knowing medium-sized physical objects, the scope and limits of such knowledge need to be ... More


 Pluralistic Relativism *

David B. Wong

in Natural Moralities: A Defense of Pluralistic Relativism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305395
eISBN:
9780199786657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305396.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

It is argued that moral ambivalence is best explained through a naturalistic approach that construes morality as a social invention for promoting and regulating social cooperation. Morality ... More


 Objections and Replies

David B. Wong

in Natural Moralities: A Defense of Pluralistic Relativism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305395
eISBN:
9780199786657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305396.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter responds to the following objections against pluralistic relativism: it is unable to explain moral disagreement; it undermines confidence in one’s moral commitments; it makes learning ... More


Subjective, Intersubjective, Objective: Philosophical Essays Volume 3

Donald Davidson

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237532
eISBN:
9780191597312
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237537.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This is the third volume of Donald Davidson's philosophical writings. In this selection of his work from the 1980s and the 90s, Davidson critically examines three types of propositional ... More


 “True to His Feelings”: Phenomenology and Reflection in Camus' L'Étranger

Robert C. Solomon

in Dark Feelings, Grim Thoughts: Experience and Reflection in Camus and Sartre

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195181579
eISBN:
9780199786602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195181573.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Camus’ novel, The Stranger, can be read as a philosophically profound phenomenological study of personal experience, more or less devoid of reflection. The novel also presents the development of ... More


 Facing Death Together: Camus' The Plague

Robert C. Solomon

in Dark Feelings, Grim Thoughts: Experience and Reflection in Camus and Sartre

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195181579
eISBN:
9780199786602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195181573.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Camus’ novel, The Plague, breaks from the focus on individual experience to talk about solidarity and the experience of being with other people. The titular plague has been interpreted as a metaphor ... More


Philosophical and Scientific Perspectives on Mentalizing

Alvin I. Goldman

in Simulating Minds: The Philosophy, Psychology, and Neuroscience of Mindreading

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195138924
eISBN:
9780199786480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138929.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

A brief overview and mini-history of the subject of mindreading are presented. Philosophers were the first to worry about the folk understanding of other minds and the distinctive nature of ... More


Self‐Attribution

Alvin I. Goldman

in Simulating Minds: The Philosophy, Psychology, and Neuroscience of Mindreading

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195138924
eISBN:
9780199786480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138929.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Most cognitive scientists and many philosophers of mind resist the traditional notion that the mind has a special method of monitoring or accessing its own current mental states. We review the ... More


The People

Sydney D. Bailey and Sam Daws

in The Procedure of the UN Security Council

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280736
eISBN:
9780191598746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280734.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Looks at the people that make up the UN Security Council. It starts with sections on the Secretary‐General and the President, and goes on to discuss permanent members (of which there are five — from ... More


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