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Stipulation

Jonardon Ganeri

in Semantic Powers: Meaning and the Means of Knowing in Classical Indian Philosophy

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198237884
eISBN:
9780191679544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198237884.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

New terms can always be introduced into an established, given language. One way to introduce a new term is by explicit stipulation. Another way is by ostension, pointing to a perceptible object. In ... More


Meaning Finitism

Martin Kusch

in Knowledge by Agreement: The Programme of Communitarian Epistemology

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199251223
eISBN:
9780191601767
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251223.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Meaning finitism is a communitarian theory of what it is to master a language. It makes community consensus central in the constitution of normativity. Finitism says that terms have no fixed ... More


Private Objects, Physical Objects, and Ostension

Barry Stroud

in Meaning, Understanding, and Practice: Philosophical Essays

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252145
eISBN:
9780191598487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252149.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Contains an examination of David Pears’ interpretation of the private language argument. Reasons are given to doubt Pears’ account both with regard to its content and as a reading of Wittgenstein. ... More


From Self Toward Self

Jean-Luc Nancy

in The Pleasure in Drawing

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780823250936
eISBN:
9780823252671
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823250936.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

The two gestures of birth and ostension can never be separated from the other. The status nascendi or status formandi always precedes and extends itself beyond itself. Formed form summons a new ... More


Introduction

Juliet John

in Dickens's Villains: Melodrama, Character, Popular Culture

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198184614
eISBN:
9780191714214
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198184614.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter introduces the book's purpose and scope to the reader. The author aims to illuminate the crucial symbiosis that exists between the ‘deviant’ and the ‘theatrical’ aspects of Dickens's ... More


Reading Beyond the Code: Literature and Relevance Theory

Terence Cave and Deirdre Wilson (eds)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198794776
eISBN:
9780191836268
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198794776.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This book explores the value for literary studies of relevance theory, an inferential approach to communication in which the expression and recognition of intentions plays a major role. Drawing on a ... More


The Developmental Origins of Meaning for Mental Terms

Derek E. Montgomery

in Why Language Matters for Theory of Mind

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195159912
eISBN:
9780199847150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159912.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter asks how children come to understand the meaning of mental terms such as think, know, want, and gonna. It compares two perspectives on word learning—the ostension paradigm and the ... More


Ostension: Word Learning and the Embodied Mind

Chad Engelland

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262028097
eISBN:
9780262320610
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028097.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This book focuses on the significance of ostension in first word learning, which it distinguishes from ostensive definition. It begins by discussing ostension in contemporary philosophy, especially ... More


The Science of Prelinguistic Joint Attention

Chad Engelland

in Ostension: Word Learning and the Embodied Mind

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262028097
eISBN:
9780262320610
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028097.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Research in psychology, evolutionary anthropology, and neuroscience provide background empirical support to the philosophical justification of ostension. This chapter also shows where scientific ... More


Wittgenstein:: Ostension Makes Language Public

Chad Engelland

in Ostension: Word Learning and the Embodied Mind

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262028097
eISBN:
9780262320610
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028097.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter begins by examining Wittgenstein’s rejection of private languages in view of ostension. It details his adoption of Augustine’s emphasis on ostension in first word acquisition. Then it ... More


Augustine:: Word Learning by Understanding the Movements of Life

Chad Engelland

in Ostension: Word Learning and the Embodied Mind

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262028097
eISBN:
9780262320610
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028097.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter sketches the problem of acquiring a conventional language as understood by Augustine and then presents the role of bodily movement in establishing joint attention and enabling word ... More


Epistemology:: Disambiguating Ostension

Chad Engelland

in Ostension: Word Learning and the Embodied Mind

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262028097
eISBN:
9780262320610
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028097.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

In dialogue with Quine, this chapter turns to the epistemological question concerning the disambiguation of ostension. It distinguishes between disambiguating ostensive definitions and disambiguating ... More


Ostension and Assertion

Rebecca Kukla

in Giving a Damn: Essays in Dialogue with John Haugeland

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035248
eISBN:
9780262335850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035248.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

I draw on Haugeland and a Haugelandian reading of Heidegger to give an ostensive theory of assertion: to assert the truth of a claim is to engage in a kind of ostensive act. Crucially, ostensive acts ... More


Opportunistic Applications of Posited Communicative Intentions

Jody Azzouni

in Semantic Perception: How the Illusion of a Common Language Arises and Persists

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199967407
eISBN:
9780199346066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199967407.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter explores examples of applications of purported Gricean communicative intentions to names and to ostension. It shows how the use of such intentions distorts actual speaker-hearer ... More


. Legends and Legend Ecologies

Michael Kinsella

in Legend-Tripping Online: Supernatural Folklore and the Search for Ong's Hat

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781604739831
eISBN:
9781604739848
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781604739831.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, Folk Literature

Stories of anomalous experiences, such as strange objects in the skies or goliath bipedal monsters, comprise what is known as supernatural legendry. From chain letters promising either blessings or ... More


. Journey Into Uncanny Territory

Michael Kinsella

in Legend-Tripping Online: Supernatural Folklore and the Search for Ong's Hat

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781604739831
eISBN:
9781604739848
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781604739831.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Folk Literature

This chapter discusses the legend-trip to the Pine Barrens of New Jersey to investigate the numerous claims surrounding the Ong’s Hat ashram, as well as the emergence of web forums built around the ... More


“Smite Him Hip and Thigh”: Satanism, Violence, and Transgression

Jesper Aagaard Petersen

in Violence and New Religious Movements

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199735631
eISBN:
9780199894512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735631.003.0017
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter approaches the issues of Satanism and violence by elaborating on his earlier classification of modern Satanism—rationalist, esoteric, and reactive—in a “satanic milieu.” By analyzing ... More


Relevance Theory and Literary Interpretation

Deirdre Wilson

in Reading Beyond the Code: Literature and Relevance Theory

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198794776
eISBN:
9780191836268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198794776.003.0011
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This concluding chapter reflects in general terms on some aspects of relevance theory that have been fruitfully used in the analyses in this volume, and on some aspects of literary communication that ... More


Davidson and Wittgenstein on Meaning and Understanding

Barry Stroud

in Seeing, Knowing, Understanding: Philosophical Essays

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198809753
eISBN:
9780191859205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198809753.003.0020
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter examines the views of Donald Davidson and Ludwig Wittgenstein on meaning and understanding. It argues arguing that the two philosophers are in agreement regarding this matter despite the ... More


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