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Autocatalysis in Chemistry and the Origin of Life

John F. Padgett

in The Emergence of Organizations and Markets

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148670
eISBN:
9781400845552
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148670.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter provides an extensive review of the biochemistry literature on the origins of life where the concept of autocatalysis figures most prominently. There is a lively debate in the scientific ... More


Evolution and Religious Creation Myths: How Scientists Respond

Paul F. Lurquin and Linda Stone

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195315387
eISBN:
9780199785674
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315387.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Intelligent Design (ID) thinking and older style creationism argue that evolution by natural selection is an incorrect theory. This book demonstrates that in doing so, neocreationism (Intelligent ... More


The Principles of Life

Tibor Ganti

Eors Szathmary and James Griesemer (eds)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198507260
eISBN:
9780191584886
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507260.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

What is life? What are the essential differences between the living and non-living systems? The exact scientific answers to these ancient questions are indispensable preconditions for the ... More


The unitary theory of life

T. Gánti

in The Principles of Life

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198507260
eISBN:
9780191584886
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507260.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter develops the chemoton theory. Central to this is an account of ‘life criteria’, which serves to articulate the basic philosophy of units of life that encompasses everything philosophers ... More


Life's Origin: The Beginnings of Biological Evolution

J.William Schopf (ed.)

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520233904
eISBN:
9780520928701
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520233904.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Always a controversial and compelling topic, the origin of life on Earth was considered taboo as an area of inquiry for science as recently as the 1950s. Since then, however, scientists working in ... More


The nature of life

T. Gánti

in The Principles of Life

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198507260
eISBN:
9780191584886
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507260.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter is a revised version of the second part (‘Solutions’ of Gánti's book Contra Crick, or The Essence of Life. Responding to Crick's ‘panspermia’ hypothesis of his book Life Itself: Its ... More


The philosophical significance of Gánti′s work

James R. Griesemer

in The Principles of Life

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198507260
eISBN:
9780191584886
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507260.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter explores the philosophical significance of Gánti's work. The chemoton's functioning as a model depends in the life criteria to give it engineering ‘blueprint sense’ and the life criteria ... More


Radium and the Origin of Life

Luis A. Campos

in Radium and the Secret of Life

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780226238272
eISBN:
9780226238302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226238302.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the early and most extreme apotheosis of these connections between radium and life in claims emanating from the Cavendish Laboratory at Cambridge to have produced life from ... More


SELF-ASSEMBLY AND SELF-ORGANIZATION OF MATTER

Vinod K. Wadhawan

in Smart Structures: Blurring the Distinction Between the Living and the Nonliving

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199229178
eISBN:
9780191711282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199229178.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter is about the self-assembly and self-organization of soft matter, and explains how systems can evolve from elementary particles to thinking organisms. Such evolution, like everything ... More


Human Origins and the Decline of Theism

John Dupré

in Darwin’s Legacy: What Evolution Means Today

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199284214
eISBN:
9780191700286
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284214.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that Charles Darwin's theory of evolution is a naturalistic world-view that helped erode religious belief against the claims of science. Philosophical issues are avoided in order ... More


In Search of Cell History: The Evolution of Life's Building Blocks

Franklin M. Harold

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226174143
eISBN:
9780226174310
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226174310.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

The discovery of how the machinery of life works, and how it is constructed, is one of the glories of 20th century science. By contrast, we know little of the origin and evolution of cells and their ... More


The biological significance of Gánti’s work in 1971 and today

Eörs Szathmáry

in The Principles of Life

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198507260
eISBN:
9780191584886
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507260.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter explores the biological significance of Gánti's work. It argues that the chemoton satisfies the life criteria. Gánti offers the simplest possible solution to metabolism/homeostasis, and ... More


On the Origin of Life on Earth: The First Genesis: The ALH84001 Affair

Alexandre Meinesz

in How Life Began: Evolution's Three Geneses

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226519319
eISBN:
9780226519333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226519333.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The mystery of the origin of life on Earth has spawned many hypotheses. As does the study of our first ancestors, this subject also has a mystical and philosophical aura. It entails the origin of the ... More


Ultimate Riddle: Origin of Cellular Life

Franklin M. Harold

in In Search of Cell History: The Evolution of Life's Building Blocks

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226174143
eISBN:
9780226174310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226174310.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

In all of biology, there is no more consequential problem than the origin of life; yet despite the expenditure of much effort and ink over the past seventy years a satisfactory answer continues to ... More


The Essence of Life

Wolfgang Banzhaf and Lidia Yamamoto

in Artificial Chemistries

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029438
eISBN:
9780262329460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029438.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter briefly explores the potential mechanisms underlying a transition from inanimate matter to life. First of all, the structure of a minimal cell is discussed, according to chemoton theory ... More


Epilogue

Frank H. T. Rhodes

in Origins: The Search for Our Prehistoric Past

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781501702440
eISBN:
9781501706233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702440.003.0018
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Cultural and Historical Geography

This concluding chapter describes the “grandeur,” as Darwin himself has put it, in the brief glimpses of life so far explored in this volume. It invites the reader to experience this grandeur through ... More


Levels of life and death

T. Gánti

in The Principles of Life

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198507260
eISBN:
9780191584886
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507260.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter introduces some of the concepts central to Génti's main argument, and illustrates how the core problem of the nature of the living state applies at many levels of life. Topics discussed ... More


Origins: The Search for Our Prehistoric Past

Frank H. T. Rhodes

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781501702440
eISBN:
9781501706233
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702440.001.0001
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Cultural and Historical Geography

Fossils are the fragments from which, piece by laborious piece, the great mosaic of the history of life has been constructed. Here and there, we can supplement these scraps by the use of biochemical ... More


The Origin of Life

Raymond L. Neubauer

in Evolution and the Emergent Self: The Rise of Complexity and Behavioral Versatility in Nature

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231150705
eISBN:
9780231521680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231150705.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter explores the origin of life by focusing on at least three sources for molecules that could be precursors to life: chemical processes in interstellar space and at hydrothermal vents, and ... More


“From So Simple a Beginning”

Frank H. T. Rhodes

in Origins: The Search for Our Prehistoric Past

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781501702440
eISBN:
9781501706233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702440.003.0003
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Cultural and Historical Geography

This chapter tackles the question of the origins of life. As we trace the origins and emergence of a variety of organisms, we confront even more challenging and comprehensive questions; such as how ... More


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