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Institutional Legacies and the Transformation of Labor: Late‐Industrializing and Post‐socialist Economies in Comparative‐Historical Perspective

Rudra Sil and Christopher Candland

in The Politics of Labor in a Global Age: Continuity and Change in Late-Industrializing and Post-Socialist Economies

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241149
eISBN:
9780191598920
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241147.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This concluding chapter considers what is gained by juxtaposing the varied analyses within a common framework intended to analyse the effects of distinctive institutional legacies on the responses to ... More


Beginnings: Immigrants, Radicals, and the AFL (1900–1959)

Marshall Ganz

in Why David Sometimes Wins: Leadership, Strategy and the Organization in the California Farm Worker Movement

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195162011
eISBN:
9780199943401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162011.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

From 1900 to 1950, three waves of attempts at organizing farm workers failed to win a single multiyear contract, establish a sustainable farm workers union, or reform the rules governing the farm ... More


New Opportunities, New Initiatives: AWOC, Teamsters, and the FWA (1959–1962)

Marshall Ganz

in Why David Sometimes Wins: Leadership, Strategy and the Organization in the California Farm Worker Movement

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195162011
eISBN:
9780199943401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162011.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

In the late 1950s and early 1960s, changes in American political, economic, and social life—and the expectation that the bracero program was in its final days—once again opened a door for organizers ... More


A Storm Gathers: Two Responses (1963–1965)

Marshall Ganz

in Why David Sometimes Wins: Leadership, Strategy and the Organization in the California Farm Worker Movement

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195162011
eISBN:
9780199943401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162011.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

Between 1963 and 1965, the imminent demise of the bracero program and the gathering momentum of the civil rights movement created new organizing opportunities and new resources for farm worker ... More


Organized Labor’s Incredible Shrinking Social Vision

Marie Gottschalk

in Healthy, Wealthy, and Fair: Health Care and the Good Society

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195170665
eISBN:
9780199850204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195170665.003.0031
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines the role of organized labor in addressing health care and other inequities. It focuses on two institutions of the private welfare state: the Taft-Hartley funds and the Employee ... More


The Great Delano Grape Strike (1965–1966)

Marshall Ganz

in Why David Sometimes Wins: Leadership, Strategy and the Organization in the California Farm Worker Movement

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195162011
eISBN:
9780199943401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162011.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

On September 8, 1965, 800 Filipino workers organized by Agricultural Workers Organizing Committee (AWOC) struck ten Delano grape growers, demanding a wage of $1.40 an hour plus 25 cents per box. Two ... More


Labor Control Regimes in Zambia and Kenya

Adrienne LeBas

in From Protest to Parties: Party-Building and Democratization in Africa

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199546862
eISBN:
9780191728594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546862.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Chapter 4 examines the different paths that state–labor relations took in the book’s two other cases, Zambia and Kenya. As in Zimbabwe, the Zambian state passed legislation that strengthened and ... More


Law and Organised Labour 1867–1914

William Cornish

in The Oxford History of the Laws of England: Volume XIII: 1820–1914 Fields of Development

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199239757
eISBN:
9780191705151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239757.003.0022
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter on law and organized labour begins with a discussion of political concession and constraints on labour. It then discusses trade union legislation in the wake of the Royal Commission, ... More


Corporatism in Zimbabwe

Adrienne LeBas

in From Protest to Parties: Party-Building and Democratization in Africa

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199546862
eISBN:
9780191728594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546862.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

The first of the book’s six empirical chapters examines the origins and character of the labor movement in Zimbabwe. The chapter first addresses the state of trade unions at independence, pointing ... More


Shareholder Value as Context for Investor Engagement

Roderick Martin, Peter D. Casson, and Tahir M. Nisar

in Investor Engagement: Investors and Management Practice under Shareholder Value

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199202607
eISBN:
9780191707896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199202607.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

Shareholder value provides the rationale, incentive, and justification for investor engagement. The chapter outlines the basic concepts of shareholder value, its preconditions, and the reasons for ... More


The Sources of Opposition Party Strength

Adrienne LeBas

in From Protest to Parties: Party-Building and Democratization in Africa

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199546862
eISBN:
9780191728594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546862.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Why do we see the emergence of strong, cross-ethnic opposition parties in some democratizing regimes, while opposition parties in other countries remain organizationally underdeveloped and often ... More


Challenges to Capital

ANDREW GLYN

in Capitalism Unleashed: Finance, Globalization, and Welfare

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199226795
eISBN:
9780191710544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226795.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

This chapter discusses challenges faced by the capital system. It begins with a description of the unprecedented boom of the economies of the most developed capitalist countries (North America, ... More


What If Labor Were Not White and Male?

David R. Roediger

in Colored White: Transcending the Racial Past

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520233416
eISBN:
9780520930803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520233416.003.0011
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter argues that the face of organized labor is changing and is likely to open fresh avenues of inquiry into the past. It also broadly describes how recent work in labor history has begun to ... More


Trade Unions and Collective Bargaining in Decline

Brian Towers

in The Representation Gap: Change and Reform in the British and American Workplace

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198289463
eISBN:
9780191684715
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198289463.003.0033
Subject:
Business and Management, HRM / IR, Organization Studies

Although the disorder and the decline of organized labour as well as the decline of collective bargaining are not exclusive to Britain and the USA, these are not to be perceived as universal features ... More


Employment relations in transformation: The dog that did not bark

Roderick Martin

in Transforming Management in Central and Eastern Europe

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198775690
eISBN:
9780191695377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198775690.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business, Political Economy

This chapter provides a bird's eye view of employment relations in CEE, and in doing so explores the reasons for the relative quiescence of organized labour since 1989. The chapter is organized into ... More


Wealth against Commonwealth: Southern Labor in the Era of Market Dominance

Michael Dennis

in The New Economy and the Modern South

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813032917
eISBN:
9780813038407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813032917.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The last decade of the 20th century was critical for organized labor. In this decade, labor unions began to capture some of the cross-class, biracial, democratic character that had distinguished its ... More


A Tale of Two Tax Cuts

Benjamin C. Waterhouse

in Lobbying America: The Politics of Business from Nixon to NAFTA

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149165
eISBN:
9781400848171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149165.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter analyzes how the interlocking problems of taxation and the federal budget set the stage for the contentious politics of business in the 1980s. During the Reagan administration, ... More


Planning the Post-War World: The French Labour Movement and Reform, 1915–1916

John N. Horne

in Labour at War: France and Britain 1914-1918

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201809
eISBN:
9780191675027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201809.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Social History

When the French labour leaders considered that the social problems spawned by the war had a post-war relevance, they developed a tendency to consider the war's wider significance for the future of ... More


Consolidating Reformism: The French Labour Movement, 1917–1918

John N. Horne

in Labour at War: France and Britain 1914-1918

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201809
eISBN:
9780191675027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201809.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Social History

This chapter discusses the reformism openly established in the Confédération Générale du Travail (CGT). It also demonstrates that the CGT majoritaires consolidated their earlier conviction that ... More


Introduction: The Urbanization of Union Strategy and Struggle

Ian Thomas MacDonald

in Unions and the City: Negotiating Urban Change

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781501706547
eISBN:
9781501712692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501706547.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This introductory chapter provides an overview of the urbanization of labor union strategies. Labor unions are organizations formed by workers to accomplish a common purpose. They were formed in the ... More


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