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Psychological Capital: Developing the Human Competitive Edge

Fred Luthans, Carolyn M. Youssef, and Bruce J. Avolio

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195187526
eISBN:
9780199789863
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187526.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This book draws from a foundation of positive psychology and recently emerging positive organizational behavior (POB). Its purpose is to introduce the untapped human resource capacity of ... More


Introduction to Psychological Capital

Fred Luthans, Carolyn M. Youssef, and Bruce J. Avolio

in Psychological Capital: Developing the Human Competitive Edge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195187526
eISBN:
9780199789863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187526.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This introductory chapter provides the meaning and overview of psychological capital or PsyCap. After first providing the current perspective and need for PsyCap, attention is given to the ... More


Introduction

Chris Argyris

in Organizational Traps: Leadership, Culture, Organizational Design

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199586165
eISBN:
9780191702426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586165.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, Strategy

This introductory chapter begins with brief a discussion of how we are trapped by behaviour patterns that exist at all levels of organizations. Traps are created when the problems to be solved are ... More


Introduction and Overview

Neil Conway and Rob B. Briner

in Understanding Psychological Contracts at Work: A Critical Evaluation of Theory and Research

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199280643
eISBN:
9780191700125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280643.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, HRM / IR, Organization Studies

Why do people at work behave the way they do? As is evident from any organizational psychology textbook or course outline, a range of theories, models, and constructs are used to understand behaviour ... More


Envy in Organizational Life

Michelle K. Duffy, Jason D. Shaw, and John M. Schaubroeck

in Envy: Theory and Research

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195327953
eISBN:
9780199301485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327953.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter reviews recent studies examining the link between employee envy and a host of organizational outcomes at the individual and group level, from poorer leader-member exchange, lower job ... More


Positive Psychological Capital in the Workplace: Where We Are and Where We Need to Go

Carolyn M. Youssef and Fred Luthans

in Designing Positive Psychology: Taking Stock and Moving Forward

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195373585
eISBN:
9780199893263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373585.003.0023
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter begins with an assessment of where we are with the theory, research, and application of positivity in the workplace in general and positive organizational behavior (POB)/ psychological ... More


Introduction

Miriam Erez

in Culture, Self-Identity, and Work

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195075809
eISBN:
9780199854912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195075809.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

Behaviours – observable and covert – exhibited in the workplace are studied under the discipline of organisational behaviour (OB). These manifestations are caused by personal traits, environment ... More


Cultural Self-Representation Theory

Miriam Erez

in Culture, Self-Identity, and Work

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195075809
eISBN:
9780199854912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195075809.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

In the attempt to manage human resources in the most effective and satisfactory manner, noteworthy attention is placed on developing appropriate tools to further understand employee reactions. ... More


Summary and Conclusions

Miriam Erez

in Culture, Self-Identity, and Work

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195075809
eISBN:
9780199854912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195075809.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

This chapter offers a synthesis and an integration of corporate behavioural patterns based on a cross-cultural approach. Because the volume intends to analyse and predict organisational behaviours ... More


Emotional Intelligence in Organizational Behavior and Industrial-Organizational Psychology

Peter J. Jordan, Neal M. Ashkanasy, and Kaylene W. Ascough

in The Science of Emotional Intelligence: Knowns and Unknowns

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195181890
eISBN:
9780199847860
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181890.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter argues that, although there is mixed evidence about the link between emotional intelligence (EI) and workplace applications, steadily maturing research in the field is providing ... More


Culture, Leadership, and Traps

Chris Argyris and Ian Smith

in Organizational Traps: Leadership, Culture, Organizational Design

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199586165
eISBN:
9780191702426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586165.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, Strategy

The literature on culture suggests that Traps and culture are phenomena that are beyond the individual level of analysis. Traps and culture can be conceptualized as ‘supra’ human phenomena with a ... More


Individualism and Collectivism

Miriam Erez

in Culture, Self-Identity, and Work

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195075809
eISBN:
9780199854912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195075809.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

Debates revolving on individualism and collectivism comprise the main concern of this section. Individualism asserts independence in decision making and goal setting without considering the opinions, ... More


Leadership

Miriam Erez

in Culture, Self-Identity, and Work

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195075809
eISBN:
9780199854912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195075809.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

Leadership's definition has posed great challenges in exploring its dimensions and consequences for organisational behaviour. This section focuses on leadership models with respect to cultural ... More


Introduction:: Biology and Organizational Behavior

Stephen M. Colarelli and Richard D. Arvey

in The Biological Foundations of Organizational Behavior

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226127156
eISBN:
9780226127293
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226127293.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This chapter provides a conceptual and integrative summary of the book. The theory of evolution by natural selection is one of the most well supported theories in science, and it has had a profound ... More


The social animal within organizations

Abraham P Buunk and Pieternel Dijkstra

in Applied Evolutionary Psychology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199586073
eISBN:
9780191731358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586073.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology, Developmental Psychology

As organizations are large groups, and consist of many subgroups, evolutionary theorizing would seem very relevant to understand behaviour in organizations. Applying evolutionary thinking to ... More


The Biological Foundations of Organizational Behavior

Stephen M. Colarelli and Richard D. Arvey (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226127156
eISBN:
9780226127293
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226127293.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

A biological understanding of social behavior is now part of modern science. We know that previously assumed social or cultural causes of behavior have their origins, at least in part, in human ... More


Conclusion: Traps and the Human Predicament

Chris Argyris

in Organizational Traps: Leadership, Culture, Organizational Design

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199586165
eISBN:
9780191702426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586165.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, Strategy

This chapter summarizes the discussions in the preceding chapters. It argues that in order to reduce Traps, we must begin by addressing Model I theories-in-use and defensive reasoning. Traps cannot ... More


Causes of Traps

Chris Argyris

in Organizational Traps: Leadership, Culture, Organizational Design

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199586165
eISBN:
9780191702426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586165.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, Strategy

This chapter presents a theory that addresses the following questions: Why do human beings produce results that are counterproductive to their own stated interests and intentions? Why do they seem ... More


Strengthening New Approaches

Chris Argyris

in Organizational Traps: Leadership, Culture, Organizational Design

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199586165
eISBN:
9780191702426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586165.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, Strategy

This chapter examines various new approaches that are supposed to solve organizational problems and bring new levels of performance. It argues that although they all have something of value to offer, ... More


Neurobiological Systems:: Implications for Organizational Behavior

Jayanth Narayanan and Smrithi Prasad

in The Biological Foundations of Organizational Behavior

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226127156
eISBN:
9780226127293
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226127293.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This chapter examines the neurobiological underpinnings of organizational behavior using three motivational lenses or systems— the motivation to protect oneself from threats in the environment, the ... More


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