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What Are We?: A Study in Personal Ontology

Eric T. Olson

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195176421
eISBN:
9780199872008
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176421.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Discussions of personal identity commonly ignore the question of our basic metaphysical nature: whether we are biological organisms, spatial or temporal parts of organisms, bundles of perceptions, or ... More


Concluding remarks

David P. Hughes and Patrizia d'Ettorre

in Sociobiology of Communication: an interdisciplinary perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199216840
eISBN:
9780191712043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216840.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

As evidenced by this contributed volume communication is multifarious. It exists among organisms but also between cells and in networks, and even possesses inorganic properties as a result of ... More


Kant's System of Nature and Freedom: Selected Essays

Paul Guyer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199273461
eISBN:
9780191706196
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273461.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, General

The chapters in the first part of this book explore Kant's conception of the systematicity of concepts and laws as the ultimate goals of natural science, explore the implications of Kant's account of ... More


Randomness in Evolution

John Tyler Bonner

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157016
eISBN:
9781400846429
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157016.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This book challenges a central tenet of evolutionary biology. The book makes the bold and provocative claim that some biological diversity may be explained by something other than natural selection. ... More


The Limits of the Self: Immunology and Biological Identity

Thomas Pradeu

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199775286
eISBN:
9780199932818
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199775286.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

What counts as an individual in the living world? What does it mean for a living thing to remain the same through time while constantly changing? Immunology, one of the most dynamic fields of today’s ... More


Objects and Persons

Trenton Merricks

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245369
eISBN:
9780191598036
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245363.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

There are no statues or rocks or chairs. But there are microscopic objects arranged statuewise and rockwise and chairwise. Moreover, there are—in addition to microscopic objects arranged ... More


Applying the Principles

Mary Anne Warren

in Moral Status: Obligations to Persons and Other Living Things

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250401
eISBN:
9780191681295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250401.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter reviews the principles proposed in Chapter 6. The first three principles refer to nested classes of entities: living organisms, sentient beings, and moral agents. Beings of each class ... More


 Brain Death

Walter Glannon

in Bioethics and the Brain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195307788
eISBN:
9780199867431
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307788.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter defends a narrow neurological criterion of death, which says that the permanent cessation of higher brain, or cortical, function is sufficient for the death of a person. It distinguishes ... More


Transatlantic Risk Perceptions, Public Health, and Environmental Concerns: Coming Together or Drifting Apart?

Paulette Kurzer

in The State of the European Union Vol. 7: With US or Against US? European Trends in American Perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199283958
eISBN:
9780191603297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199283958.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Why has the problem of tobacco energized NGOs and policy entrepreneurs in the USA but much less in the EU? Why has transgenic food provoked similar kinds of collective responses in the EU, but much ... More


State Concept and Body Image

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0017
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

The ruler of Qin conquered his opponents in the year 221 bc and was able to rule over a unified China and called himself the “First Emperor of Qin.” He was able to create an integrated whole out of ... More


The extended phenotype within the colony and how it obscures social communication

David P Hughes

in Sociobiology of Communication: an interdisciplinary perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199216840
eISBN:
9780191712043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216840.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Societies of social insects are paragons of communication. Multiple channels exist between different members and the transmitted information ranges from specifying the location of foraging areas to ... More


Conflicting messages: genomic imprinting and internal communication

David Haig

in Sociobiology of Communication: an interdisciplinary perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199216840
eISBN:
9780191712043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216840.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Behavioural ecology and cell biology both use the language of communication and signalling. In cell biology, signaller and receiver are cells of a single body or molecules encoded by a single genome ... More


Genetically Modified Crops: Effects on Bees and Pollination

Lora A. Morandin

in Bee Pollination in Agricultural Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195316957
eISBN:
9780199871575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316957.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Genetic modification (GM) of crops has been accompanied by concerns of environmental impact, including effects to beneficial organisms such as bees. Currently, most commercial GM crops are modified ... More


Aquatic Food Chain Pathways

Steven M. Bartell and Ying Feng

in Radiological Risk Assessment and Environmental Analysis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195127270
eISBN:
9780199869121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195127270.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter describes methods for assessing the movement of radionuclides along pathways of transport and bioaccumulation in rivers, reservoirs, lakes, estuaries, and coastal oceans. The materials ... More


Animals

Eric T. Olson

in What Are We?: A Study in Personal Ontology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195176421
eISBN:
9780199872008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176421.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter examines animalism, the view that we are biological organisms. It is based on the claim that human organisms think just as we do. This implies that if I am not an organism, I am one of ... More


Photoperiodism: The Biological Calendar

Randy J. Nelson, David L. Denlinger, and David E. Somers (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195335903
eISBN:
9780199775446
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335903.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Life evolves in a cyclic environment, and to be successful, organisms must adapt not only to their spatial habitat, but also to their temporal habitat. How do plants and animals determine the time of ... More


The Evolution of the Decrease of Randomness

John Tyler Bonner

in Randomness in Evolution

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157016
eISBN:
9781400846429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157016.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter explains why randomness is curtailed in larger forms. Large organisms are unlikely to have an overall neutral morphology like small ones, and the reason is to be found in their elaborate ... More


Design Tradeoffs

Richard M. Murray

in Biomolecular Feedback Systems

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161532
eISBN:
9781400850501
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161532.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter describes some of the design tradeoffs arising from the interaction between synthetic circuits and the host organism. It first considers the effects of competition for shared cellular ... More


Proteins: Amino Acids and Amines

Thomas S. Bianchi and Elizabeth A. Canuel

in Chemical Biomarkers in Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134147
eISBN:
9781400839100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134147.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses proteins, which make up approximately 50% of organic matter and contain about 85% of the organic nitrogen in marine organisms. Peptides and proteins comprise an important ... More


Evolving Embryology

Jan Sapp

in Genesis: The Evolution of Biology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156195
eISBN:
9780199790340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156195.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the development of embryology. Experimental embryology, which began in the 1880s, aimed to discover the actual physicochemical processes by which the adult developed from the ... More


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