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Aperiodic Crystals: From Modulated Phases to Quasicrystals

Ted Janssen, Gervais Chapuis, and Marc de Boissieu

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567776
eISBN:
9780191718335
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567776.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

Until the 1970s, all materials studied consisted of periodic arrays of unit cells, or were amorphous. In the last decades a new class of solid state matter, called aperiodic crystals, has been found. ... More


Water Contaminants

KENNETH P. CANTOR, MARY H. WARD, LEE E. MOORE, and JAY H LUBIN

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149616
eISBN:
9780199865062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149616.003.0020
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses water contaminants that may contribute to the human cancer burden. Specifically, it addresses the epidemiologic evidence for several contaminants and includes information on ... More


Molecular Aggregation: Structure analysis and molecular simulation of crystals and liquids

Angelo Gavezzotti

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198570806
eISBN:
9780191718779
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570806.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Intermolecular interactions stem from the electric properties of atoms. Being the cause of molecular aggregation, intermolecular forces are at the roots of chemistry and are the fabric of the world. ... More


Ether/Or

in Image and Reality: Kekule, Kopp, and the Scientific Imagination

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226723327
eISBN:
9780226723358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226723358.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

A paper by Alexander Williamson, read at the annual meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science in Edinburgh on August 3, 1850, was groundbreaking in a lot of ways. As the first ... More


Introduction

Phoebe N. Okowa

in State Responsibility for Transboundary Air Pollution in International Law

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198260974
eISBN:
9780191682186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198260974.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This introductory chapter first sets out the purpose of the book, which is to examine what states claim in the context of disputes involving transboundary air pollution and what they protest to as ... More


Outdoor Air Pollution

Andrea Hricko

in Safe and Healthy School Environments

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195179477
eISBN:
9780199864638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179477.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses outdoor air pollution in school environments. Outdoor (ambient) air pollution presents a number of issues in the school environment, including exposure of children to diesel ... More


Costs of Air Quality Regulation

Randy A. Becker and J. Vernon Henderson

in Behavioral and Distributional Effects of Environmental Policy

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226094816
eISBN:
9780226094809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226094809.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

An ongoing debate in the United States concerns the costs imposed by environmental regulations on industry. This chapter explores some of the costs associated with air quality regulation, focusing on ... More


Phytoplankton Productivity

John Raven

in Marine Plankton: A practical guide to ecology, methodology, and taxonomy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780199233267
eISBN:
9780191835698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199233267.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

This chapter describes the productivity of phytoplankton, from the initial energy and chemical requirements for photosynthesis to the rate of production of heterotrophic organisms. Phytoplankton are ... More


Emissions and Urban Air

William G. Wilson

in Constructed Climates: A Primer on Urban Environments

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226901459
eISBN:
9780226901473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226901473.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter looks at the issues involving air, covering the causes and consequences of contributions from both human and nonhuman organisms. Humans dominate emissions in urban areas. Air quality ... More


Top-down pressures and indirect defences

Edward E. Farmer

in Leaf Defence

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199671441
eISBN:
9780191779626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671441.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Plant populations are remodelled after carnivore removal, and the animals that eat herbivores can play critical roles in the biology of the leaf. Of particular interest is the fact that plants often ... More


Air Pollution, Air Quality, and Climate Change

Alan H. Lockwood

in Heat Advisory: Protecting Health on a Warming Planet

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262034876
eISBN:
9780262335737
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034876.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

The effects of climate change on air quality are difficult to model due to the large number of unpredictable variables. Hotter temperatures favor ozone production. Higher atmospheric water content ... More


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