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/ An “American” Industry, 1919–1930

Kathryn Steen

in The American Synthetic Organic Chemicals Industry: War and Politics, 1910-1930

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9781469612904
eISBN:
9781469614458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469612904.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the status of the synthetic organic chemicals industry in the United States during the period 1919–1930. It first looks at German firms before turning to the major players in ... More


/ Before the War

Kathryn Steen

in The American Synthetic Organic Chemicals Industry: War and Politics, 1910-1930

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9781469612904
eISBN:
9781469614458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469612904.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the economy of synthetic organic chemicals prior to World War I, first by sketching a typical journey of a synthetic dye and a synthetic pharmaceutical from Germany to the ... More


/ Customs, Courts, and Claims: The Industry and the Law, 1922–1930

Kathryn Steen

in The American Synthetic Organic Chemicals Industry: War and Politics, 1910-1930

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9781469612904
eISBN:
9781469614458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469612904.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines how the political and economic fallout from World War I affected the synthetic organic chemicals industry in the United States during the period 1922–1930, especially with ... More


/ Ideology and Institutions: American Chemists Respond, 1914–1918

Kathryn Steen

in The American Synthetic Organic Chemicals Industry: War and Politics, 1910-1930

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9781469612904
eISBN:
9781469614458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469612904.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the role played by chemists, many of which had trained in Germany, in building a synthetic organic chemicals industry in the United States during World War I. More specifically, ... More


The American Synthetic Organic Chemicals Industry: War and Politics, 1910-1930

Kathryn Steen

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9781469612904
eISBN:
9781469614458
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469612904.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Prior to 1914, Germany dominated the worldwide production of synthetic organic dyes and pharmaceuticals like aspirin. When World War I disrupted the supply of German chemicals to the United States, ... More


Introduction

Kathryn Steen

in The American Synthetic Organic Chemicals Industry: War and Politics, 1910-1930

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9781469612904
eISBN:
9781469614458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469612904.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This book documents the rise of the synthetic organic chemicals industry in the United States during World War I and the 1920s. It examines the role played by government agencies, firms, and ... More


/ AmericanManufacturers,German Chemicals: Dyes and Pharmaceuticals, 1914–1918

Kathryn Steen

in The American Synthetic Organic Chemicals Industry: War and Politics, 1910-1930

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9781469612904
eISBN:
9781469614458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469612904.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the introduction of Germany's synthetic organic chemicals, dyes, and pharmaceuticals, to the United States and their manufacturing between 1914 and 1918. It considers how ... More


/ Mobilization: Synthetic Organic Chemicals in War, 1914–1918

Kathryn Steen

in The American Synthetic Organic Chemicals Industry: War and Politics, 1910-1930

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9781469612904
eISBN:
9781469614458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469612904.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the production of synthetic organic high explosives in the United States during World War I and compares it to the production of synthetic organic war gases. More specifically, ... More


/ Surviving the Peace: Economic War, 1919–1922

Kathryn Steen

in The American Synthetic Organic Chemicals Industry: War and Politics, 1910-1930

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9781469612904
eISBN:
9781469614458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469612904.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter describes the conditions of the synthetic organic chemicals industry in the United States after World War I, with particular emphasis on the years 1919–1922. More specifically, it ... More


/ Xenophobia, Tariffs, and Confiscation, 1914–1918

Kathryn Steen

in The American Synthetic Organic Chemicals Industry: War and Politics, 1910-1930

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9781469612904
eISBN:
9781469614458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469612904.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines how the crisis in dyes and pharmaceuticals during World War I shaped American public policy. It shows how synthetic dyes and pharmaceuticals contributed to the shift to autarky ... More


Organic Chemicals and Multiple Combining Proportions: 1802–1815

Melvyn C. Usselman

in Pure Intelligence: The Life of William Hyde Wollaston

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226245737
eISBN:
9780226245874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226245874.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter describes the organic chemicals business of W. H. Wollaston and S. Tennant, and Wollaston’s discovery of multiple combining proportions in the salts of organic acids. Wollaston extracted ... More


Conclusion

Kathryn Steen

in The American Synthetic Organic Chemicals Industry: War and Politics, 1910-1930

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9781469612904
eISBN:
9781469614458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469612904.003.0010
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines how World War I served as a catalyst for the growth of the synthetic organic chemicals industry in the United States. It begins by considering the increase in the number of ... More


Costs of Air Quality Regulation

Randy A. Becker and J. Vernon Henderson

in Behavioral and Distributional Effects of Environmental Policy

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226094816
eISBN:
9780226094809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226094809.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

An ongoing debate in the United States concerns the costs imposed by environmental regulations on industry. This chapter explores some of the costs associated with air quality regulation, focusing on ... More


Enlightened Milk: Reshaping a Bodily Substance into a Chemical Object

Barbara Orland

in Materials and Expertise in Early Modern Europe: Between Market and Laboratory

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226439686
eISBN:
9780226439709
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226439709.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Milk was a popular subject of research among chemists in Europe during the late eighteenth century. In 1785 and 1787, the Royal Medical Society of Edinburgh in Scotland and the Royal Society of ... More


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