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The Organ and Tissue Trade

Stefan Timmermans

in Postmortem: How Medical Examiners Explain Suspicious Deaths

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226803982
eISBN:
9780226804002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226804002.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the conflict between forensic investigation and organ and tissue transplantation organization in relation to postmortem manipulation. At stake in conflicts with organ and ... More


Acquisition of Organs

F. M. Kamm

in Morality, Mortality Volume I: Death and Whom to Save From It

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195119114
eISBN:
9780199872244
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195119118.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Deals with the problem of the acquisition and distribution of organs for transplantation and allows the application of the foregoing theoretical discussion of saving lives and relevant/irrelevant ... More


Justice in Transplant Organ Allocation

Rosamond Rhodes and Thomas D. Schiano

in Medicine and Social Justice: Essays on the Distribution of Health Care

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199744206
eISBN:
9780190267551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199744206.003.0041
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines the current national system for allocating transplant organs in the United States. Advancing science that has improved the success of organ transplantation also creates an ... More


Making a Gift

Kieran Healy

in Last Best Gifts: Altruism and the Market for Human Blood and Organs

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226322353
eISBN:
9780226322384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226322384.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

This chapter traces the emergence of the cultural account of organ donation in the U.S. from the late 1970s to the 1990s. It explains that advocates promoted the idea of organ donation by publicizing ... More


Hobson's Choices: Matching and Mismatching in Transplantation Work Processes

Richard I. Cook

in A Death Retold: Jesica Santillan, the Bungled Transplant, and Paradoxes of Medical Citizenship

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807830598
eISBN:
9781469605432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807877524_wailoo.5
Subject:
History, Social History

Jesica Santillan's death after a donor-recipient mismatch during transplantation shook people's confidence in transplant surgery and the organ donation system in the United States. This chapter ... More


Procedures for Distribution

F. M. Kamm

in Morality, Mortality Volume I: Death and Whom to Save From It

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195119114
eISBN:
9780199872244
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195119118.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Brings to a close the discussion of organ distribution for transplantation presented in the last four chapters of Part III of the book. Presents the argument against using procedures in determining ... More


Consent With Inducements: The Case of Body Parts and Services

Janet Radcliffe Richards

in The Ethics of Consent: Theory and Practice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195335149
eISBN:
9780199866335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335149.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines the bearing of financial inducements on consent, focusing on the issue of selling kidneys for transplantation. How can it be considered unethical to sell kidneys if it is ... More


Social Costs and Benefits of Transplants

in The Global Organ Shortage: Economic Causes, Human Consequences, Policy Responses

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804784092
eISBN:
9780804784641
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804784092.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter makes the medical and financial case for large increases in transplant activity. It reviews studies that examine in detail the social costs and benefits of various transplants, and ... More


Thrift-Euthanasia, in Theory and in Practice: A Critique of Non-Heart-Beating Organ Harvesting

Howard M. Ducharme

in Law and Medicine: Current Legal Issues Volume 3

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198299189
eISBN:
9780191685644
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198299189.003.0029
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Medical Law

The co-existence of physician-assisted suicide, euthanasia, organ harvesting, and transplantation in modern society sets the stage for the co-joining of these practices. This chapter argues that they ... More


Morality, Mortality Volume I: Death and Whom to Save From It

F. M. Kamm

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195119114
eISBN:
9780199872244
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195119118.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Morality, Mortality as a whole deals with certain aspects of ethical theory and with moral problems that arise primarily in contexts involving life‐and‐death decisions. The importance of ... More


Commentary: Presuming Minor Consent and Allowing Family Veto: Two Moral Concerns about Organ Procurement Policy *

Hitoshi Arima

in The Future of Bioethics: International Dialogues

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682676
eISBN:
9780191763168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682676.003.0056
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This paper focuses on two pragmatic questions policymakers confront when considering the implementation of a presumed consent policy for organ procurement: whether they should presume a minor’s ... More


Commentary: Can Living Donation Be Justified?

Yohei Akaida and Kohji Ishihara

in The Future of Bioethics: International Dialogues

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682676
eISBN:
9780191763168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682676.003.0060
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This commentary aims to examine Aulisio and Deming’s discussion of justification of living donation. First, this commentary compares living donor organ transplantation trends in the U.S. and Japan. ... More


Eligibility for Organ Transplantation to Foreign Nationals: The Relationship Between Citizenship, Justice, and Philanthropy as Policy Criteria

Eric M. Meslin, Karen R. Salmon, and Jason T. Eberl

in A Death Retold: Jesica Santillan, the Bungled Transplant, and Paradoxes of Medical Citizenship

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807830598
eISBN:
9781469605432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807877524_wailoo.15
Subject:
History, Social History

The events and commentary surrounding Jesica Santillan's case raised profound questions about the criteria used to justify her eligibility for organ transplantation and whether her citizenship should ... More


Introduction

in The Global Organ Shortage: Economic Causes, Human Consequences, Policy Responses

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804784092
eISBN:
9780804784641
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804784092.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This introductory chapter first sets out the book's main arguments, that the problems of organ transplantation, and the shortages of organs for that purpose, are not unsolvable. The primary problems ... More


Brain death and the definition of death

James L. Bernat

in Neuroethics: Anticipating the future

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198786832
eISBN:
9780191839894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198786832.003.0018
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

The idea that a person is dead when brain functions have ceased irreversibly is one of the oldest and most enduring debates in neuroethics. This chapter traces the history of brain death by ... More


Does Submission to God's Will Preclude Biotechnological Intervention?: Lessons from Muslim Dialysis Patients in Contemporary Egypt

Sherine F. Hamdy

in Deus in Machina: Religion, Technology, and the Things in Between

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780823249800
eISBN:
9780823252480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823249800.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter offers a critique of the (Orientalist-derived) notion of Islamic fatalism through an ethnographic study of devout Muslims in contemporary Egypt and their flexible attitudes concerning ... More


Legal paradigms of human tissues

Remigius N. Nwabueze

in Human Tissue Research: A European perspective on the ethical and legal challenges

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199587551
eISBN:
9780191725630
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587551.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter suggests that the legal status of human tissues is still evolving. The question of whether a human tissue deserves protection or what legal category underpins that protection often ... More


Fairness

Philip M. Rosoff

in Rationing Is Not a Four-Letter Word: Setting Limits on Healthcare

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027496
eISBN:
9780262320764
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027496.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

In this chapter the essential issue of fairness is discussed as it is (and should be) a cardinal feature of existing and any future rationing method. The central characteristics of fairness, as it is ... More


The Organizational Gift and Sociological Approaches to Exchange

Philippe Steiner

in Re-Imagining Economic Sociology

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198748465
eISBN:
9780191814051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198748465.003.0012
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

The first part of this chapter considers what happens in the domain of biomedicine, examining here what is meant by a “gift” in the case of organ transplantation, in contrast with the Maussian ... More


Transplant Imaginary: "Mechanical Hearts, Animal Parts, and Moral Thinking in Highly Experimental Science"

Lesley A. Sharp

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520277960
eISBN:
9780520957152
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520277960.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

The extraordinarily surgically successful realm of organ transplantation is plagued worldwide by the scarcity of donated human parts, a quandary that generates ongoing debates over the marketing of ... More


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