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Ethics of Ambiguity: A Buddhist Reflection on the Japanese Organ Transplant Law

Ronald Y. Nakasone

David E. Guinn (ed.)

in Handbook of Bioethics and Religion

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195178739
eISBN:
9780199784943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195178734.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines the structure and role of ambiguity in the Japanese Organ Transplant Law by looking at the Chinese Huayen Buddhist doctrine of dharmadhatu-pratityasamutpada (fajie yuanqi shuo) ... More


Organ Transplantation

William R. Clark

in In Defense of Self: How the Immune System Really Works

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195336634
eISBN:
9780199868568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336634.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

T cells are the major barrier to the transplantation of organs between other than genetically identical twins. The basis for immune rejection lies in the incredible heterogeneity among humans in ... More


The Evolution of Organ Transplantation and Procurement Policy

in The Global Organ Shortage: Economic Causes, Human Consequences, Policy Responses

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804784092
eISBN:
9780804784641
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804784092.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter this traces the historical paths that led to modern transplantation technology and the organ procurement policy that supports it. It discusses the genesis, advances, and constraints of ... More


Human Organ Transplant Ordinance: Facilitating Adult Live Donor Transplants?

Athena Liu

in Law and Medicine: Current Legal Issues Volume 3

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198299189
eISBN:
9780191685644
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198299189.003.0028
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Medical Law

Organ transplant raises difficult legal and ethical issues. Organs may come from a live or dead donor, and a donor may be an adult or a minor. This chapter deals with only live adult (over eighteen) ... More


Consuming Differences: Post-Human Ethics, Global (in)Justice, and the Transplant Trade in Organs

Nancy Scheper-Hughes

in A Death Retold: Jesica Santillan, the Bungled Transplant, and Paradoxes of Medical Citizenship

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807830598
eISBN:
9781469605432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807877524_wailoo.13
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter presents a global analysis of the phenomenon referred to as “transplant tourism.” It describes how patients with the financial capability procure organ transplants illegally from abroad. ... More


Justice in Transplant Organ Allocation

Rosamond Rhodes and Thomas D. Schiano

in Medicine and Social Justice: Essays on the Distribution of Health Care

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199744206
eISBN:
9780190267551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199744206.003.0041
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines the current national system for allocating transplant organs in the United States. Advancing science that has improved the success of organ transplantation also creates an ... More


Matters of the Heart: History, Medicine, and Emotion

Fay Bound Alberti

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199540976
eISBN:
9780191701207
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199540976.001.0001
Subject:
History, Cultural History

The heart is the most symbolic organ of the human body. Across cultures it is seen as the site of emotions, as well as the origin of life. We feel emotions in the heart, from the heart-stopping ... More


The Global Organ Shortage: Economic Causes, Human Consequences, Policy Responses

T. Randolph Beard, David L. Kaserman, and Rigmar Osterkamp

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804784092
eISBN:
9780804784641
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804784092.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Although organ transplants provide the best, and often the only, effective therapy for many otherwise fatal conditions, the great benefits of transplantation go largely unrealized because of failures ... More


Justice in Organ Allocation

Rosamond Rhodes

in A Death Retold: Jesica Santillan, the Bungled Transplant, and Paradoxes of Medical Citizenship

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807830598
eISBN:
9781469605432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807877524_wailoo.11
Subject:
History, Social History

Focusing on the central ethical issue of Jesica Santillan's case, this chapter discusses the question of whether transplant organs were allocated justly. Specifically, it analyzes how notions of ... More


Social Costs and Benefits of Transplants

in The Global Organ Shortage: Economic Causes, Human Consequences, Policy Responses

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804784092
eISBN:
9780804784641
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804784092.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter makes the medical and financial case for large increases in transplant activity. It reviews studies that examine in detail the social costs and benefits of various transplants, and ... More


Mind/Medicine

Sharrona Pearl

in Face/On: Face Transplants and the Ethics of the Other

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226461229
eISBN:
9780226461533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226461533.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter explores the history of cosmetic surgery and its intersections with transplants, showing how FAT is both and neither and something else entirely. Through a deep dive into the literature ... More


Economic and Political Causes of the Shortage of Organs

in The Global Organ Shortage: Economic Causes, Human Consequences, Policy Responses

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804784092
eISBN:
9780804784641
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804784092.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter examines several primary causes of the organ shortage, beginning with the most basic economic explanation: the prohibition on compensating organ donors. For very many people, human ... More


Science, Halakhah, and Public Health Policy: The Definition of Death, Heart Transplants, Organ Donation, and the Allocation of Scarce Medical Resources

Daniel B. Sinclair

in Jewish Biomedical Law: Legal and Extra-Legal Dimensions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198268277
eISBN:
9780191683480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198268277.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter discusses the following topics: the definition of death, heart transplants, organ donations, the gap between the halakhah and modern organ transplant policy, and the rationing of scarce ... More


Spare Parts and Desperate Need

Anne Phillips

in Our Bodies, Whose Property?

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150864
eISBN:
9781400846368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150864.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter moves on to markets in body tissues and parts, focusing on the trade in live kidneys. Given the risks to vendors, and the significant number of patients dying each year while waiting for ... More


Human Trafficking and Organ Trade: Does the Law Really Care for the Health of People?

Daniel Sperling

in Law and Global Health: Current Legal Issues Volume 16

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199688999
eISBN:
9780191768118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199688999.003.0013
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter discusses the health risks associated with living donations; the legal responses to and management of organ trade under the trafficking framework; and the problematic association between ... More


Existing Rationing Systems: Organ Transplantation, Scarce Drugs, and Oregon

Philip M. Rosoff

in Rationing Is Not a Four-Letter Word: Setting Limits on Healthcare

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027496
eISBN:
9780262320764
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027496.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

This chapter initiates the main argument by describing in detail three systems of open, formal rationing in American healthcare: solid organ transplantation, scarce drug allocation, and the Oregon ... More


Organ Transplant

K. Kannan

in Medicine and the Law

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780198082880
eISBN:
9780199082827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198082880.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

Prolongation of life and improvement of quality of health assumed immense possibilities with organ transplants from live and deceased donors. When a person can be treated as dead in order for organs ... More


Commentary: The Paradigm of Living Related Donation: Stretched, Strained, and Abused?

Leonardo D. de Castro

in The Future of Bioethics: International Dialogues

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682676
eISBN:
9780191763168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682676.003.0062
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The paradigm of the family as the basic unit of society has been facing challenges, perhaps the most prominent of which have come in areas of biotechnology and health care. Those challenges are ... More


The “Evil” of Healthcare Rationing

Philip M. Rosoff

in Rationing Is Not a Four-Letter Word: Setting Limits on Healthcare

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027496
eISBN:
9780262320764
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027496.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

This chapter introduces the concept of the need for organized healthcare rationing after first discussing the dysfunctions of the healthcare system in the United States: its disorder, gross ... More


Commentary: Organ Donation and Social Amelioration: A Two-Pronged Approach to Organ Trafficking

Leonardo D. de Castro and Peter A. Sy

in The Future of Bioethics: International Dialogues

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682676
eISBN:
9780191763168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682676.003.0057
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This paper explores a model for reciprocating the contribution of organ donors to a health care system characterized by inadequate resources and faced with the challenge of trying innovative ways of ... More


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