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Death, Dying, and Organ Transplantation: Reconstructing Medical Ethics at the End of Life

Franklin G. Miller and Robert D. Truog

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199739172
eISBN:
9780199918683
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199739172.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book challenges fundamental doctrines of established medical ethics. It is argued that the routine practice of stopping life support technology causes the death of patients and that donors of ... More


Acquisition of Organs

F. M. Kamm

in Morality, Mortality Volume I: Death and Whom to Save From It

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195119114
eISBN:
9780199872244
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195119118.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Deals with the problem of the acquisition and distribution of organs for transplantation and allows the application of the foregoing theoretical discussion of saving lives and relevant/irrelevant ... More


Being a carer in acute crisis: the situation for relatives of organ donors

Magi Sque

in Chronic and Terminal Illness: new perspectives on caring and carers

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192631671
eISBN:
9780191730191
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192631671.003.0006
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter discusses the experiences of carers involved in acute crisis from which the outcome is death. This chapter provides a narrative interview study of twenty-four relatives of multi-organ ... More


Making a Gift

Kieran Healy

in Last Best Gifts: Altruism and the Market for Human Blood and Organs

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226322353
eISBN:
9780226322384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226322384.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

This chapter traces the emergence of the cultural account of organ donation in the U.S. from the late 1970s to the 1990s. It explains that advocates promoted the idea of organ donation by publicizing ... More


Governing organ donation: the dead body, the individual and the limits of medicine

Órla O’Donovan

in Reframing Health and Health Policy in Ireland: A Governmental Analysis

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780719095870
eISBN:
9781526128607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719095870.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter focuses on governmental dilemmas and practices around the dead body in recent political debates about organ donation. Drawing on a public consultation process initiated by the Joint ... More


The Global Organ Shortage: Economic Causes, Human Consequences, Policy Responses

T. Randolph Beard, David L. Kaserman, and Rigmar Osterkamp

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804784092
eISBN:
9780804784641
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804784092.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Although organ transplants provide the best, and often the only, effective therapy for many otherwise fatal conditions, the great benefits of transplantation go largely unrealized because of failures ... More


Reforms Short of Open Donor Compensation

in The Global Organ Shortage: Economic Causes, Human Consequences, Policy Responses

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804784092
eISBN:
9780804784641
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804784092.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter reviews proposed reforms for the organ procurement system that fall short of donor compensation. In general, policies to reduce waiting lists within the existing procurement framework ... More


Compensation for Organ Donation and a Proposal for a Public Monopsony for Organ Acquisition

in The Global Organ Shortage: Economic Causes, Human Consequences, Policy Responses

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804784092
eISBN:
9780804784641
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804784092.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter describes institutional arrangements for the introduction of compensation. It provides a simple mathematical analysis of the likely appearance of a socially directed monopsony ... More


An Assessment of the Moral Basis of Alternative Organ Donation Rules

in The Global Organ Shortage: Economic Causes, Human Consequences, Policy Responses

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804784092
eISBN:
9780804784641
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804784092.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter addresses the moral and ethical issues surrounding the donor compensation proposal. It takes the standpoint that the moral virtues of public policies have to be assessed in light of the ... More


Last Best Gifts: Altruism and the Market for Human Blood and Organs

Kieran Healy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226322353
eISBN:
9780226322384
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226322384.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

More than any other altruistic gesture, blood and organ donation exemplifies the true spirit of self-sacrifice. Donors literally give of themselves for no reward so that the life of an ... More


Supportive care for the renal transplant patient

David Nicol and Catherine Martin

in Supportive Care for the Urology Patient

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198529415
eISBN:
9780191730344
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529415.003.0019
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

Care of renal transplant patients can span from weeks to decades, presenting specific challenges to the range of clinicians who may become involved in their care. The challenge extends from the ... More


The Evolution of Organ Transplantation and Procurement Policy

in The Global Organ Shortage: Economic Causes, Human Consequences, Policy Responses

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804784092
eISBN:
9780804784641
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804784092.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter this traces the historical paths that led to modern transplantation technology and the organ procurement policy that supports it. It discusses the genesis, advances, and constraints of ... More


Primary Topic Article: Ethics Without Borders? Why the United States Needs an International Dialogue on Living Organ Donation

Mark P. Aulisio, Nicole M. Deming, Donna L. Luebke, Miriam Weiss, Rachel Phetteplace, and Stuart J. Youngner

in The Future of Bioethics: International Dialogues

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682676
eISBN:
9780191763168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682676.003.0059
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Globally, efforts to increase organ supply have included increasing the numbers of living organ donors. A 2009 study of living kidney donation indicated a growth rate of 50% or more over the last ... More


Science, Halakhah, and Public Health Policy: The Definition of Death, Heart Transplants, Organ Donation, and the Allocation of Scarce Medical Resources

Daniel B. Sinclair

in Jewish Biomedical Law: Legal and Extra-Legal Dimensions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198268277
eISBN:
9780191683480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198268277.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter discusses the following topics: the definition of death, heart transplants, organ donations, the gap between the halakhah and modern organ transplant policy, and the rationing of scarce ... More


Designed to Fit Minds: Institutions and Ecological Rationality

Will M. Bennis, Konstantinos V. Katsikopoulos, Daniel G. Goldstein, Anja Dieckmann, and Nathan Berg

in Ecological Rationality: Intelligence in the World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195315448
eISBN:
9780199932429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315448.003.0126
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

Economic models of benefit–cost analysis assume decision makers choose so as to maximize net benefits given stable internal preferences. But institutional structure can play a central role in ... More


Considering Pathological Altruism in the Law from Therapeutic Jurisprudence and Neuroscience Perspectives

Michael L. Perlin

in Pathological Altruism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199738571
eISBN:
9780199918669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738571.003.0121
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Therapeutic jurisprudence presents a new model for assessing law’s role as a therapeutic (or antitherapeutic) agent. Legal scholars have also recently turned their attention to the relationship ... More


Exchange in Human Goods

Kieran Healy

in Last Best Gifts: Altruism and the Market for Human Blood and Organs

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226322353
eISBN:
9780226322384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226322384.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

This chapter discusses issues concerning blood and organ donations. It suggests that exchange in human goods does not fit well into the classical account of the gift relationship and explains that ... More


Managing Gifts, Making Markets

Kieran Healy

in Last Best Gifts: Altruism and the Market for Human Blood and Organs

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226322353
eISBN:
9780226322384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226322384.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

This chapter sums up the key findings of this study on the exchange of human goods or organs and blood donations. It analyzes whether changes in the logistics of procurement are undermining the moral ... More


America's Angel or Thieving Immigrant?: Media Coverage, the Santillan Story, and Publicized Ambivalence Toward Donation and Transplantation

Susan E. Morgan, Tyler R. Harrison, Lisa Volk Chewning, and Jacklyn G. Habib

in A Death Retold: Jesica Santillan, the Bungled Transplant, and Paradoxes of Medical Citizenship

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807830598
eISBN:
9781469605432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807877524_wailoo.4
Subject:
History, Social History

Jesica Santillan's botched transplant garnered intense media attention and fueled the ethical argument regarding the organ allocation system in the United States. With thousands of people on the ... More


Jewish Biomedical Law: Legal and Extra-Legal Dimensions

Daniel B. Sinclair

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198268277
eISBN:
9780191683480
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198268277.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This book deals with the following controversial issues in Jewish Law: abortion, assisted reproduction, genetics, the obligation to heal, patient autonomy, treatment of the terminally ill, the ... More


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