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Beyond Regression: The Need for Predictive Models

Rein Taagepera

in Making Social Sciences More Scientific: The Need for Predictive Models

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534661
eISBN:
9780191715921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534661.003.0018
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

Society needs more from social sciences than they have delivered, and this book offers openings. To the society at large, quantitative social scientists presently seem no better at prediction than ... More


The Elusive Virtues of Contextualism

Anthony Brueckner

in Essays on Skepticism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199585861
eISBN:
9780191595332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585861.003.0032
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter presents the contextualist analysis of the sceptical argument. It argues that the contextualist ‘good news’ about the availability of ordinary-context ‘knowledge’ cannot be stated given ... More


Philosophical Papers

J. L. Austin

J. O. Urmson and G. J. Warnock (eds)

Published in print:
1979
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780192830210
eISBN:
9780191597039
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019283021X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This text collects all Austin’s published articles plus a new one, ch. 13, hitherto unpublished. The analysis of the ordinary language to clarify philosophical questions is the common element of the ... More


Stanley Cavell: Philosophy's Recounting of the Ordinary

Stephen Mulhall

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198238508
eISBN:
9780191679643
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198238508.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Aesthetics

The author of the book presents a full-length philosophical study of the work of Stanley Cavell, best known for his highly influential contributions to the fields of film studies, Shakespearian ... More


Foundations Shaken but Not Stirred

Andrew Vincent

in The Nature of Political Theory

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199271252
eISBN:
9780191601101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271259.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Examines the advent of logical positivism, the development of conceptual analysis, ordinary language philosophy, the so‐called death of political theory, the impact of linguistic philosophy and the ... More


Popular Opinion

George Klosko

in Political Obligations

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199256204
eISBN:
9780191602351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256209.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Examines opinions of ordinary people in regard to political obligations through small focus groups. Under certain circumstances, the views of ordinary people can lend support to the particular ... More


The False Prison Volume One

David Pears

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198247708
eISBN:
9780191598203
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198247702.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This is the first of David Pears's acclaimed two‐volume work on the development of Wittgenstein's philosophy, covering the pre‐1929 writings. Part I of the first volume consists in a brief but ... More


Why We Should Shift to Symmetric Regression

Rein Taagepera

in Making Social Sciences More Scientific: The Need for Predictive Models

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534661
eISBN:
9780191715921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534661.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

When data are scattered, Ordinary Least-Squares (OLS) regression produces two quite distinct regression lines – one for y versus x and another for x versus y – and both may differ appreciably from ... More


Response

Michael Walzer

in Pluralism, Justice, and Equality

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280088
eISBN:
9780191599927
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280084.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Responding to the critical assessments of his Spheres of Justice, Michael Walzer rethinks the central aspects of the notion of complex equality. He addresses the following issues: the meaning and ... More


Wittgenstein and Zen Buddhism: One Practice, No Dogma

Rupert Read

in Pointing at the Moon: Buddhism, Logic, Analytic Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195381559
eISBN:
9780199869244
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381559.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter addresses homologies between Wittgenstein's account of philosophical practice in both the Tractatus and the Investigations with accounts of practice in Zen. The chapter argues that both ... More


Introduction

R. S. Downie and K. C. Calman

in Healthy Respect: Ethics in Health Care

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192624086
eISBN:
9780191723728
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192624086.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This Introduction starts by outlining the issues raised in this book and the purpose of the book. It goes on to summarize the contents of the parts that follow. Part 1, is an essay in moral ... More


Does the Brain Create the Mind?

Paull Nunez

in Brain, Mind, and the Structure of Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195340716
eISBN:
9780199776269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340716.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter takes a highly speculative approach in which the hard problem of consciousness is approached with questions about a category beyond ordinary information; that is, Ultra-Information, ... More


The Structure of Government

Colin Morris

in The Papal Monarchy: The Western Church from 1050 to 1250

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269250
eISBN:
9780191600708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269250.003.0022
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The episcopal office was revivified by new ideas; greater independence in election gave the bishops more freedom of action as ‘ordinaries’, and (especially in France and England) made it possible for ... More


 A Coherent Common Sense View

Amie L. Thomasson

in Ordinary Objects

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195319910
eISBN:
9780199869602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195319910.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter begins by bringing out three common mistakes that lie behind the various arguments against ordinary objects discussed in this book. It goes on to suggest that all of these mistakes may ... More


 The Special Composition Problem

Amie L. Thomasson

in Ordinary Objects

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195319910
eISBN:
9780199869602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195319910.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Peter van Inwagen, Terence Horgan, and Matjaž Potrč argue against ordinary inanimate objects on grounds that no view that accepts them can provide a satisfactory answer to the special composition ... More


Introduction

Amie L. Thomasson

in Ordinary Objects

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195319910
eISBN:
9780199869602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195319910.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The introductory chapter lays out the motivations for defending a common sense ontology and provides an overview of the various eliminativist arguments against ordinary objects that will be discussed ... More


Mindfulness, Literature, and the Affirmation of Ordinary Life

David L. McMahan

in The Making of Buddhist Modernism

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195183276
eISBN:
9780199870882
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183276.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter examines the conditions under which Buddhist practices of mindfulness have come to take on a new significance within the context of modernity’s broad affirmation of the ordinary world. ... More


INTRODUCTION

Haruzo Hida

in Hilbert Modular Forms and Iwasawa Theory

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198571025
eISBN:
9780191718946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198571025.003.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Algebra

This introductory chapter describes the deformation theoretic techniques of Wiles-Taylor for elliptic modular forms. The chapter concentrates mostly on the Galois side of the picture, recalling the ... More


MODULAR IWASAWA THEORY

Haruzo Hida

in Hilbert Modular Forms and Iwasawa Theory

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198571025
eISBN:
9780191718946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198571025.003.0005
Subject:
Mathematics, Algebra

This chapter proves the torsion of the anticyclotomic Iwasawa module of a (p-ordinary) CM field, and presents an explicit formula of the L-invariant of the CM field, which is a natural generalization ... More


Introduction

Alfredo Bellen and Marino Zennaro

in Numerical Methods for Delay Differential Equations

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198506546
eISBN:
9780191709609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506546.003.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Numerical Analysis

This chapter introduces the classes of DDEs and neutral DDEs treated in the book, focusing on some of the most significant qualitative differences between delay equations and ordinary equations, as ... More


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