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Psychological Capital: Developing the Human Competitive Edge

Fred Luthans, Carolyn M. Youssef, and Bruce J. Avolio

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195187526
eISBN:
9780199789863
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187526.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This book draws from a foundation of positive psychology and recently emerging positive organizational behavior (POB). Its purpose is to introduce the untapped human resource capacity of ... More


PsyCap Optimism: Realistic and Flexible

Fred Luthans, Carolyn M. Youssef, and Bruce J. Avolio

in Psychological Capital: Developing the Human Competitive Edge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195187526
eISBN:
9780199789863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187526.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This chapter first defines PsyCap optimism by using Martin Seligman's explanatory or attribution style, i.e., optimists take credit for positive events in their lives and for negative events ... More


Visions of the Future: The Distant Past, Yesterday, Today, Tomorrow

Robert Heilbroner

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195102864
eISBN:
9780199854974
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195102864.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

“This is an exceedingly long short book, stretching at least fifty thousand years into the past and who knows how many into the future…” So begins this book, the basic premise of which is stunning in ... More


Optimism and Pessimism

Tim Mulgan

in Future People: A Moderate Consequentialist Account of our Obligations to Future Generations

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199282203
eISBN:
9780191603624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019928220X.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter begins with a basic list of intuitively plausible principles of intergenerational justice, against which Rule Consequentialism can be measured. It then establishes the Rule ... More


Beware the Winner's Curse: Victories that Can Sink You and Your Company

G. Anandalingam and Henry C. Lucas

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195177404
eISBN:
9780199789559
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177404.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

In the case of an acquisition or a merger, it is very often the case that when an individual or company perceives itself to be the winner, subsequent events will show that the victory was overvalued. ... More


f i v e The Universal Natural History The Purposiveness of Nature

Martin Schöneld

in The Philosophy of the Young Kant: The Precritical Project

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195132182
eISBN:
9780199786336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195132181.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter explores Kant’s second book, Universal Natural History and Theory of the Heavens (1755). Section 1 describes the context of the book and Kant’s critique of static and anthropocentric ... More


e i g h t The Only Possible Argument The Culmination of the Precritical Project

Martin Schöneld

in The Philosophy of the Young Kant: The Precritical Project

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195132182
eISBN:
9780199786336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195132181.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter explores Kant’s third book, The Only Possible Argument in Support of a Demonstration of God’s Existence (1764). Section 1 surveys Kant’s development after his professorial thesis (1756): ... More


Introduction to Psychological Capital

Fred Luthans, Carolyn M. Youssef, and Bruce J. Avolio

in Psychological Capital: Developing the Human Competitive Edge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195187526
eISBN:
9780199789863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187526.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This introductory chapter provides the meaning and overview of psychological capital or PsyCap. After first providing the current perspective and need for PsyCap, attention is given to the ... More


Introduction

Mark Chaves

in American Religion: Contemporary Trends

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691146850
eISBN:
9781400839957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691146850.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This introductory chapter discusses the continuity in American religiosity between 1972 and 2008. Some might see American optimism reflected in the fact that more people believe in heaven than in ... More


The Long Peace of the Nineteenth Century and the Birth of Sociology

Hans Joas and Wolfgang Knöbl

in War in Social Thought: Hobbes to the Present

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150840
eISBN:
9781400844746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150840.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

This chapter examines how the progressive optimism nourished by liberal doctrines gradually began to take hold and how sociology as a discipline took a particularly wide variety of institutional ... More


Afterword

Emma Rothschild and Amartya Sen

in The Essential Hirschman

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159904
eISBN:
9781400848409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159904.003.0017
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

This concluding chapter examines the enduring legacy of Hirschman's works. One reason for this is that his “world-view” is a skeptical optimism; another is a series of ideas, including explanatory ... More


Public Vision, Private Lives: Rousseau, Religion, and 21st-Century Democracy

Mark S. Cladis

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195125542
eISBN:
9780199834082
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195125541.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Cladis reflects on the nature and place of the public and private in the work of Rousseau and, more generally, in democratic society. The tension between the hopes and desires of the individual and ... More


Conclusion

David Benatar

in Better Never to Have Been: The Harm of Coming into Existence

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199296422
eISBN:
9780191712005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296422.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter first responds to the objection that the book's conclusions should be rejected on the grounds that they are counter-intuitive. The chapter then responds to the optimist and defends ... More


Living with Niebuhr’s Legacy

Richard Crouter

in Reinhold Niebuhr: On Politics, Religion, and Christian Faith

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195379679
eISBN:
9780199869169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379679.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This book’s final chapter inquires into the consequences of living in the light of Niebuhr’s complex teaching. The illusions of naive optimism reign today just as in his lifetime. Niebuhr’s legacy of ... More


Introduction

Mark Schroeder

in Being For: Evaluating the Semantic Program of Expressivism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534654
eISBN:
9780191715938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534654.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter introduces metaethical expressivism, explains its main sources of interest over earlier noncognitivist theories, and illustrates how it has been applied to many topics across all ... More


King’s Theological Implications

Richard Wayne Wills Sr

in Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Image of God

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195308990
eISBN:
9780199867578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195308990.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter provides a theological summary of King’s image of God conception and provides an overview of the implications attached to King’s theological anthropology. As such, this chapter provides ... More


Optimism

Valerie Tiberius

in The Reflective Life: Living Wisely With Our Limits

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199202867
eISBN:
9780191707988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199202867.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter aims to characterize cynicism and optimism, and argues that cynicism (properly understood) is a vice, and optimism (properly understood) is a virtue. It distinguishes cynicism from what ... More


Persuading and Motivating Positive Health Behaviors

Leslie R. Martin, Kelly B. Haskard-Zolnierek, and M. Robin DiMatteo

in Health Behavior Change and Treatment Adherence: Evidence-based Guidelines for Improving Healthcare

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195380408
eISBN:
9780199864454
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380408.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter explores the factors that influence people to initially adopt, and then to pursue, a health-related goal. These include things such as social comparisons, emotions (e.g., fear or ... More


Introduction

James L. Crenshaw

in Defending God: Biblical Responses to the Problem of Evil

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195140026
eISBN:
9780199835607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195140028.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

Psalms 77 and 104 present opposing worldviews: pessimism and optimism. Beliefs about reality are shaped by the circumstances of ordinary existence, which in turn become occasions for existential ... More


Radical Holiness and Plainfolk Modernism

Roger Glenn Robins

in A. J. Tomlinson: Plainfolk Modernist

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195165913
eISBN:
9780199835454
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195165918.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter explores the ways radical holiness captured, reflected, and embraced the tenor of its times. The qualities associated with modernity pervaded the movement’s culture and ideology. These ... More


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