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Levelling the Playing Field: The Idea of Equal Opportunity and its Place in Egalitarian Thought

Andrew Mason

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199264414
eISBN:
9780191718489
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264414.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

‘Equality of opportunity for all’ is a fine piece of political rhetoric but the ideal that lies behind it is slippery. Some see it as an alternative to a more robust form of egalitarianism, whilst ... More


Places of Redemption: Theology for a Worldly Church

Mary McClintock Fulkerson

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199296477
eISBN:
9780191711930
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296477.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The primary aim of this book is to explore the contradiction between the widely shared beliefs in the USA about racial inclusiveness and equal opportunity for all, and the fact that most churches are ... More


Welfare in the Kantian State

Alexander Kaufman

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294672
eISBN:
9780191599637
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294670.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Kant's theory of justice continues to exert a powerful influence on contemporary discussions of justice and equality. Modern theorists disagree, however, regarding the implications of Kant's theory ... More


National Responsibility and Global Justice

David Miller

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199235056
eISBN:
9780191715792
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235056.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

This book presents a non-cosmopolitan theory of global justice. In contrast to theories that seek to extend principles of social justice, such as equality of opportunity or resources, to the world as ... More


Justice, Responsibility, and the Demands of Equality

T. M. Scanlon

in The Egalitarian Conscience: Essays in Honour of G. A. Cohen

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199281688
eISBN:
9780191603747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281688.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This essay considers the disagreement between Cohen and Rawls on the question of whether individuals should be held responsible for their tastes and preferences. It notes the difference in principle, ... More


Disadvantage

Jonathan Wolff and Avner de-Shalit

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199278268
eISBN:
9780191707902
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278268.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

What does it mean to be disadvantaged? Is it possible to compare different disadvantages? What should governments do to move their societies in the direction of equality, where equality is to be ... More


Opportunity and Responsibility

Jonathan Wolff and Avner De-Shalit

in Disadvantage

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199278268
eISBN:
9780191707902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278268.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter argues that the idea of ‘capability’ is too vague; it is replaced with the concept of ‘genuine opportunities’ for secure functioning. An opportunity for a functioning is genuine to the ... More


Shortchanged: Why Women Have Less Wealth and What Can Be Done About It

Mariko Lin Chang

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195367690
eISBN:
9780199944101
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367690.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

Women now receive more college degrees than men, and enter the workforce with better job opportunities than ever before. Indeed, the wage gap between men and women has never been smaller. So why does ... More


No Class War: Economic Inquality and the American Public

Benjamin I. Page and Lawrence R. Jacobs

in The Unsustainable American State

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780195392135
eISBN:
9780199852543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195392135.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter argues that Americans are no longer apathetic about rising economic inequality. Oppositions to egalitarian government programs have decreased extensively and the majority is now ... More


Introduction

Andrew Mason

in Levelling the Playing Field: The Idea of Equal Opportunity and its Place in Egalitarian Thought

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199264414
eISBN:
9780191718489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264414.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This introductory chapter begins with a discussion of equality of opportunity. It then considers the relationship between equality of opportunity and egalitarian principles. An overview of the ... More


The Simple View

Andrew Mason

in Levelling the Playing Field: The Idea of Equal Opportunity and its Place in Egalitarian Thought

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199264414
eISBN:
9780191718489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264414.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter begins with an examination of the simple view that equality of opportunity requires open competition for advantaged social positions. It is argued that this idea is not really so simple. ... More


Rawlsian Fair Equality of Opportunity

Andrew Mason

in Levelling the Playing Field: The Idea of Equal Opportunity and its Place in Egalitarian Thought

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199264414
eISBN:
9780191718489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264414.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter examines Rawls' account of fair equality of opportunity. Rawls argues that fair equality of opportunity requires not only ‘careers to be open to talents’, but also that those with the ... More


Counteracting Circumstances

Andrew Mason

in Levelling the Playing Field: The Idea of Equal Opportunity and its Place in Egalitarian Thought

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199264414
eISBN:
9780191718489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264414.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter focuses on the neutralization approach and raises a difficulty inherent in it. In particular, it argued that the aim of neutralizing the effects of differences in people's circumstances ... More


Conclusion

Andrew Mason

in Levelling the Playing Field: The Idea of Equal Opportunity and its Place in Egalitarian Thought

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199264414
eISBN:
9780191718489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264414.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This concluding chapter presents a synthesis of the topics discussed in this volume. Against the idea that justice requires us to neutralize the effects of differences in people's circumstances, it ... More


Tradeoffs?

Lane Kenworthy

in Progress for the Poor

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199591527
eISBN:
9780191731389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591527.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

If we commit to improvement in the absolute living standards of the least well-off, must we sacrifice other desirable outcomes? The comparative empirical evidence suggests not.


Against the Odds?: Social Class and Social Justice in Industrial Societies

Gordon Marshall, Adam Swift, and Stephen Roberts

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198292401
eISBN:
9780191684913
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198292401.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

What is the relation between social class and social justice? This is currently a matter of public as well as academic controversy. While nobody would deny that the distribution of rewards in ... More


The Response of Government

Peter Taylor‐Gooby

in Reframing Social Citizenship

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199546701
eISBN:
9780191720420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546701.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

This chapter analyses responses to the pressures on social and public provision among European countries and at the level of the EU. It argues that attempts to develop common EU-wide social provision ... More


Innovative Opportunities and Dependencies: Illustrations from Mobile Communications

Magnus Holmén, Mats Magnusson, and Maureen McKelvey

in Flexibility and Stability in the Innovating Economy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199290475
eISBN:
9780191603495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290474.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

This chapter examines the role played by innovative opportunities in driving economic transformation through dependencies between actors. It explores the extent of experimentation and inertia when ... More


Conclusions

Georgina Waylen

in Engendering Transitions: Women's Mobilization, Institutions and Gender Outcomes

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199248032
eISBN:
9780191714894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248032.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The conclusion gives an overview of how the changes in citizenship, participation and policymaking that have been part of transitions to democracy are gendered and lays out the circumstances under ... More


 Sources and Policies for Investment

Young‐Iob Chung

in Korea under Siege, 1876-1945: Capital Formation and Economic Transformation

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195178302
eISBN:
9780199783557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195178300.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter investigates how the colonial government promoted capital formation through fiscal and financial policies, by providing financial incentives and creating a favorable economic environment ... More


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