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Political Economy: An Overview

James E. Alt and Alberto Alesina

in A New Handbook of Political Science

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294719
eISBN:
9780191599361
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294719.003.0028
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

Provides an overview of the political economy approach as it relates to the political economy of institutions and the political economy of public policy. The field has developed and the literature ... More


Incentives, Routines, and Self-Command *

Steven Postrel and Richard P. Rumelt

in Understanding Industrial and Corporate Change

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199269426
eISBN:
9780191710179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269426.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

In explaining the advantages of the principle of hierarchy representing organizations over market exchanges, coordination of specialized efforts and control of opportunistic behaviour are often ... More


Myopic Opportunism and Joint Production: A Relational Approach to Corporate Governance

Siegwart Lindenberg

in Corporate Governance and Firm Organization: Microfoundations and Structural Forms

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199269761
eISBN:
9780191710087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269761.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability

This chapter uses the cognitive psychology notion of ‘framing’ to highlight how profitable cooperation can benefit from a partial suspension of a gain frame. It argues that even when interests are ... More


Shareholder Value, Investor Engagement, and Management Practice: a Normative Evaluation

Roderick Martin, Peter D. Casson, and Tahir M. Nisar

in Investor Engagement: Investors and Management Practice under Shareholder Value

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199202607
eISBN:
9780191707896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199202607.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

This chapter adopts a normative standpoint in examining both shareholder value and investor engagement. Shareholder value analyses exaggerate the weakness of internal control systems, overestimate ... More


Syntactic Argumentation and Radical Construction Grammar

William Croft

in Radical Construction Grammar: Syntactic Theory in Typological Perspective

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198299554
eISBN:
9780191708091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198299554.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

The fundamental question of syntactic theory is: what is the nature of a speaker’s grammatical knowledge? But an equally fundamental question is hardly discussed: is there a general method to ... More


Eternal Recurrence

Angelica Goodden

in Madame de Staël: The Dangerous Exile

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199238095
eISBN:
9780191716669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238095.003.0010
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

With the Emperor's abdication and the restoration of the Bourbon monarchy, Staël returns to Paris and starts a salon again, until Napoleon's return from Elba and Louis XVIII's retreat to Ghent during ... More


The Employment Relationship

David Marsden

in A Theory of Employment Systems: Micro-Foundations of Societal Diversity

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294221
eISBN:
9780191596612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294220.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

The employment relationship is flexible because it is open‐ended or ‘incomplete’, but no workers would agree to be become employees unless there were some agreement over the limits to which managers ... More


The Limits of Managerial Authority

David Marsden

in A Theory of Employment Systems: Micro-Foundations of Societal Diversity

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294221
eISBN:
9780191596612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294220.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

The work rules that delimit managerial authority have to satisfy two fundamental requirements for there to be an effective contract. They must be easily enforced by ordinary workers and their line ... More


Performance Management

David Marsden

in A Theory of Employment Systems: Micro-Foundations of Societal Diversity

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294221
eISBN:
9780191596612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294220.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Performance management is central to business success, but it is subject to the same types of opportunism as task assignment, and both parties need protection against these if the employment ... More


Employment Systems and the Theory of the Firm: Societal Diversity

David Marsden

in A Theory of Employment Systems: Micro-Foundations of Societal Diversity

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294221
eISBN:
9780191596612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294220.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

The theory of employment systems provides a synthesis between the ‘human resource–based’ and the ‘opportunism‐based’ theories of the firm. The work rules shape human resource management systems ... More


The Structure of Strategy

John Kay

in Foundations of Corporate Success: How Business Strategies Add Value

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198289883
eISBN:
9780191718205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019828988X.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

There is a fundamental difference between wish‐driven strategies and strategies based on the effective match between external relationships of the firm and its own distinctive characteristics. The ... More


Relationships and Contracts

John Kay

in Foundations of Corporate Success: How Business Strategies Add Value

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198289883
eISBN:
9780191718205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019828988X.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Following an understanding of the relationships that form a firm, two main types of commercial relationships are recognized. Spot contracts refer to agreements for immediate exchanges, whereas ... More


External Relationships

Geoffrey Jones

in Merchants to Multinationals: British Trading Companies in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199249992
eISBN:
9780191596483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199249997.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter examines the external relationships of the trading companies. There were close and often long‐term relationships with banks and shipping and insurance companies, although agency ... More


Natural Resources

Geoffrey Jones

in Merchants to Multinationals: British Trading Companies in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199249992
eISBN:
9780191596483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199249997.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter discusses the large direct investments made by trading companies in the ownership of natural resources, especially commodities such as tea, sugar, rubber, and tropical timber. Asset ... More


Established Theories of the Firm

Oliver Hart

in Firms, Contracts, and Financial Structure

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288817
eISBN:
9780191596353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288816.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Discusses why neither neoclassical nor principal‐agent theories can satisfactorily explain a long‐standing issue in organization theory: the determinants of the boundaries of the firm. The final ... More


Responsibility for Debts of MEG Members and Vulnerability of Intra-group Transactions

Irit Mevorach

in Insolvency within Multinational Enterprise Groups

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199544721
eISBN:
9780191705564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544721.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter focuses on the issue of group opportunism and examines the desirability of imposing various remedies in the course of insolvency within MEGs which could combat such behaviour and enhance ... More


Creole Renegades: Rhetoric of Betrayal and Guilt in the Caribbean Diaspora

Benedicte Boisseron

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780813049793
eISBN:
9780813050201
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813049793.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This book investigates the exilic literature of Caribbean-born and Caribbean-descent writers who, from their new location in North America, question their cultural obligation of Caribbeanness, ... More


Veit Harlan: The Life and Work of a Nazi Filmmaker

Frank Noack

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780813167008
eISBN:
9780813167794
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813167008.001.0001
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

Veit Harlan has often been called “the male Leni Riefenstahl,” but he poses a much bigger challenge for the biographer because he directed a frighteningly effective anti-Semitic hate picture, Jud ... More


The Moral Foundation of Economic Behavior

David C. Rose

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199781744
eISBN:
9780199919116
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199781744.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This book explains why moral beliefs can and likely do play an important role in the development and operation of market economies. It shows why the maximization of general prosperity requires that ... More


Exploitation and the Economics of Organizations

N. Scott Arnold

in The Philosophy and Economics of Market Socialism: A Critical Study

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195088274
eISBN:
9780199853014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195088274.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The market socialist system is differentiated from the free enterprise system by the types of organizations that are allowed to operate in their respective economies. While the free enterprise system ... More


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