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The Past as Prologue: The Development of the World Opiate Market and the Rise of the International Control Regime

Letizia Paoli, Victoria A. Greenfield, and Peter Reuter

in The World Heroin Market: Can Supply Be Cut?

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195322996
eISBN:
9780199944194
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322996.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter reviews the historical development of the world opiate market, including the international policy regime that surrounds it. It explores the period of growth of the opiate market in the ... More


The ‘Problem’ of Opium Smoking in Canton

Virgil K.Y. Ho

in Understanding Canton: Rethinking Popular Culture in the Republican Period

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199282715
eISBN:
9780191603037
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199282714.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Both the causes of opium consumption, and the allegedly calamitous social, political, economic, and cultural impact of opium smoking on Cantonese society were greatly exaggerated in official ... More


Remnants of an Ancient Past

Gary L. Wenk

in Your Brain on Food: How Chemicals Control Your Thoughts and Feelings

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195388541
eISBN:
9780199863587
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388541.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

A neuropeptide is similar to a string of beads with each bead being an amino acid. Your brain uses many neuropeptides for quite different purposes. One of the best studied groups of these controls ... More


Narratives of Free Trade: The Commercial Cultures of Early US-China Relations

Kendall Johnson (ed.)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9789888083534
eISBN:
9789882209275
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888083534.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

This collection discusses the first commercial encounters between a China on the verge of social transformation and a fledgling United States struggling to assert itself globally as a distinct nation ... More


Understanding Canton: Rethinking Popular Culture in the Republican Period

Virgil Ho

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199282715
eISBN:
9780191603037
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199282714.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This book critically examines six aspects of the popular culture of early and mid-Republican (1912-38) Canton: common perceptions of the city, popular attitudes towards the West, Cantonese opera, ... More


Ritual, ideology and politics

Mandy Sadan

in Being and Becoming Kachin: Histories Beyond the State in the Borderworlds of Burma

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265550
eISBN:
9780191760341
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265550.003.0003
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter considers the 1843 revolt from the perspective of the trans-Patkai region and possible connections with the Opium Wars. It explores the political and cultural contexts of ... More


Did the Taliban’s Ban Really Matter?

Letizia Paoli, Victoria A. Greenfield, and Peter Reuter

in The World Heroin Market: Can Supply Be Cut?

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195322996
eISBN:
9780199944194
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322996.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter explores the dynamics of the heroin market, as evident in its response to the Taliban opium cutback. It discusses the observed changes in the price and purity of opiates throughout the ... More


Afghanistan and Burma: The Two Dominant Producers

Letizia Paoli, Victoria A. Greenfield, and Peter Reuter

in The World Heroin Market: Can Supply Be Cut?

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195322996
eISBN:
9780199944194
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322996.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter examines heroin production in Afghanistan and Burma. It explains that these two countries jointly have been responsible for 70% to 95% of the world's opium supply. It investigates why ... More


India: Diversion from Licit Cultivation

Letizia Paoli, Victoria A. Greenfield, and Peter Reuter

in The World Heroin Market: Can Supply Be Cut?

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195322996
eISBN:
9780199944194
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322996.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter focuses on the heroin market in India. Despite the limited involvement of organized crime, the analysis suggests that India is not only the world's largest consumer of illicit opiates ... More


The Theoretical and Practical Consequences of Variations in Effective Illegality

Letizia Paoli, Victoria A. Greenfield, and Peter Reuter

in The World Heroin Market: Can Supply Be Cut?

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195322996
eISBN:
9780199944194
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322996.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter explores the distinctive configuration of the opiate market and heroin trade. It proposes a theoretical model of effective illegality that helps to explain the role of government in ... More


Beyond Borders: Stories of Yunnanese Chinese Migrants of Burma

Wen-Chin Chang

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801453311
eISBN:
9780801454516
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801453311.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

The Yunnanese from southwestern China have for millennia traded throughout upland Southeast Asia. Burma in particular has served as a “back door” to Yunnan, providing a sanctuary for political ... More


Flagships of Imperialism: The P&O Company and the Politics of Empire From Its Origins to 1867

Freda Harcourt and Sarah Palmer

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719073939
eISBN:
9781781700761
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719073939.001.0001
Subject:
History, Imperialism and Colonialism

This book is a study on the history of the P&O shipping company, paying due attention to the context of nineteenth-century imperial politics that so significantly shaped the company's development. ... More


Autobiographical transactions

James Treadwell

in Autobiographical Writing and British Literature 1783-1834

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199262977
eISBN:
9780191718724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199262977.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

This chapter explores how the theme of the ‘self’ as an autonomous and expressive agent — the ‘Romantic’ self — is produced in texts. A case study of sets of works by Elizabeth Gooch and William ... More


Excavating Extraterritoriality: The Legacies of Legal Pluralism, Subjecthood, and State-Building in China and Japan

Pär Kristoffer Cassel

in Grounds of Judgment: Extraterritoriality and Imperial Power in Nineteenth-Century China and Japan

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199792054
eISBN:
9780199932573
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199792054.003.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History, World Modern History

This chapter argues that prior to the Opium Wars in the mid-nineteenth century, both Qing China and Tokugawa Japan were familiar with the principle of personal jurisdiction and the existence of ... More


Codifying Extraterritoriality: The Chinese “Unequal Treaties”

Pär Kristoffer Cassel

in Grounds of Judgment: Extraterritoriality and Imperial Power in Nineteenth-Century China and Japan

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199792054
eISBN:
9780199932573
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199792054.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History, World Modern History

This chapter charts the evolution of jurisdiction over foreigners in Qing China from the late nineteenth century through the Sino-British “Chefoo Convention” of 1876, which was the last British ... More


“A Thing Like Death”: Shakespeare's Narcotic Theater

Tanya Pollard

in Drugs and Theater in Early Modern England

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199270835
eISBN:
9780191710322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199270835.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

This chapter considers the juxtaposition of sleeping potions and poisons, and their parallels with the uneasy relationship between comedy and tragedy in two plays by Shakespeare. In Romeo and Juliet, ... More


Interinvolving Guilt and Innocence

John Beer

in Coleridge's Play of Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199574018
eISBN:
9780191723100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574018.003.0014
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

Coleridge's spiritual crisis of 1813 and his subsequent reversion to traditional Christian doctrines, as recorded by Hannah More, prompt consideration of his lifelong feelings of guilt; his ... More


Questioning Closure

John Beer

in Coleridge's Play of Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199574018
eISBN:
9780191723100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574018.003.0016
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

Life in Highgate proves peaceful but somewhat unfulfilling. Coleridge's persisting battle with opium addiction, in which he is only partly triumphant, is accompanied by sad recognition that his love ... More


Merchants of War and Peace: British Knowledge of China in the Making of the Opium War

Song-Chuan Chen

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9789888390564
eISBN:
9789888390274
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888390564.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

This book challenges conventional arguments that the major driving forces of the First Opium War were the infamous opium smuggling trade, the defence of British national honour, and cultural ... More


The British Presence in Macau, 1635-1793

Rogerio Miguel Puga

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9789888139798
eISBN:
9789888180752
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888139798.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

For more than four centuries, Macau was the center of Portuguese trade and culture on the South China Coast. Until the founding of Hong Kong and the opening of other ports in the 1840s, it was also ... More


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