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The Past as Prologue: The Development of the World Opiate Market and the Rise of the International Control Regime

Letizia Paoli, Victoria A. Greenfield, and Peter Reuter

in The World Heroin Market: Can Supply Be Cut?

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195322996
eISBN:
9780199944194
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322996.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter reviews the historical development of the world opiate market, including the international policy regime that surrounds it. It explores the period of growth of the opiate market in the ... More


The ‘Problem’ of Opium Smoking in Canton

Virgil K.Y. Ho

in Understanding Canton: Rethinking Popular Culture in the Republican Period

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199282715
eISBN:
9780191603037
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199282714.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Both the causes of opium consumption, and the allegedly calamitous social, political, economic, and cultural impact of opium smoking on Cantonese society were greatly exaggerated in official ... More


Narratives of Free Trade: The Commercial Cultures of Early US-China Relations

Kendall Johnson (ed.)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9789888083534
eISBN:
9789882209275
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888083534.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

This collection discusses the first commercial encounters between a China on the verge of social transformation and a fledgling United States struggling to assert itself globally as a distinct nation ... More


Remnants of an Ancient Past

Gary L. Wenk

in Your Brain on Food: How Chemicals Control Your Thoughts and Feelings

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195388541
eISBN:
9780199863587
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388541.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

A neuropeptide is similar to a string of beads with each bead being an amino acid. Your brain uses many neuropeptides for quite different purposes. One of the best studied groups of these controls ... More


Ritual, ideology and politics

Mandy Sadan

in Being and Becoming Kachin: Histories Beyond the State in the Borderworlds of Burma

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265550
eISBN:
9780191760341
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265550.003.0003
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter considers the 1843 revolt from the perspective of the trans-Patkai region and possible connections with the Opium Wars. It explores the political and cultural contexts of ... More


Did the Taliban’s Ban Really Matter?

Letizia Paoli, Victoria A. Greenfield, and Peter Reuter

in The World Heroin Market: Can Supply Be Cut?

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195322996
eISBN:
9780199944194
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322996.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter explores the dynamics of the heroin market, as evident in its response to the Taliban opium cutback. It discusses the observed changes in the price and purity of opiates throughout the ... More


Afghanistan and Burma: The Two Dominant Producers

Letizia Paoli, Victoria A. Greenfield, and Peter Reuter

in The World Heroin Market: Can Supply Be Cut?

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195322996
eISBN:
9780199944194
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322996.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter examines heroin production in Afghanistan and Burma. It explains that these two countries jointly have been responsible for 70% to 95% of the world's opium supply. It investigates why ... More


India: Diversion from Licit Cultivation

Letizia Paoli, Victoria A. Greenfield, and Peter Reuter

in The World Heroin Market: Can Supply Be Cut?

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195322996
eISBN:
9780199944194
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322996.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter focuses on the heroin market in India. Despite the limited involvement of organized crime, the analysis suggests that India is not only the world's largest consumer of illicit opiates ... More


The Theoretical and Practical Consequences of Variations in Effective Illegality

Letizia Paoli, Victoria A. Greenfield, and Peter Reuter

in The World Heroin Market: Can Supply Be Cut?

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195322996
eISBN:
9780199944194
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322996.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter explores the distinctive configuration of the opiate market and heroin trade. It proposes a theoretical model of effective illegality that helps to explain the role of government in ... More


Understanding Canton: Rethinking Popular Culture in the Republican Period

Virgil Ho

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199282715
eISBN:
9780191603037
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199282714.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This book critically examines six aspects of the popular culture of early and mid-Republican (1912-38) Canton: common perceptions of the city, popular attitudes towards the West, Cantonese opera, ... More


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