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The Roots of ABMS

Michael J. North and Charles M. Macal

in Managing Business Complexity: Discovering Strategic Solutions with Agent-Based Modeling and Simulation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195172119
eISBN:
9780199789894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172119.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

This chapter presents the history of agent-based modeling and simulation (ABMS) including John Conway's “Game of Life”, Thomas Schelling's housing segregation model, and John Holland's seven features ... More


From “Military Worth” to Mathematical Programming

Paul Erickson

in The World the Game theorists Made

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226097039
eISBN:
9780226097206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226097206.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

It is well known that in the immediate postwar period game theory was closely associated with (and substantially dependent upon) military patronage from organizations like the RAND Corporation or the ... More


The Adoption of Operations Research in the United States during World War II

Erik P. Rau

in Systems, Experts, and Computers: The Systems Approach in Management and Engineering, World War II and After

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262082853
eISBN:
9780262275873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262082853.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines the adoption of operations research (OR) in the United States during World War II. Despite the relative ease with which it developed in Britain, OR generated considerable ... More


Deeper Shades of Gray: Ambition and Deception in Project Camelot

Joy Rohde

in Armed with Expertise: The Militarization of American Social Research during the Cold War

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449673
eISBN:
9780801469602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449673.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter focuses on Project Camelot, a research project organized by the Special Operations Research Office (SORO) to determine the fundamental causes of communist revolution and prescribe ... More


The Bounded Rationality of Cold War Operations Research

Paul Erickson, Judy L. Klein, Lorraine Daston, Paul Rebecca, Thomas Sturm, and Michael D. Gordin

in How Reason Almost Lost Its Mind: The Strange Career of Cold War Rationality

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226046631
eISBN:
9780226046778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226046778.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Cold War military needs for cost-effective readiness induced a mathematical construction of rationality while simultaneously binding that rationality with computational reality. In 1947 in an effort ... More


From Operations Research to Futures Studies: The Establishment, Diffusion, and Transformation of the Systems Approach in Sweden, 1945–1980

Arne Kaijser and Joar Tiberg

in Systems, Experts, and Computers: The Systems Approach in Management and Engineering, World War II and After

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262082853
eISBN:
9780262275873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262082853.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter describes and examines the development of the systems approach in Sweden from 1945 to 1980. It uses the term “systems approach” to signify a specific intellectual tradition that started ... More


Introduction

Thomas P. Hughes and Agatha C. Hughes

in Systems, Experts, and Computers: The Systems Approach in Management and Engineering, World War II and After

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262082853
eISBN:
9780262275873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262082853.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The systems approach enjoyed a top spot among the minds of engineers, scientists, and managers during the early Lyndon Johnson administration. However, this trajectory of advocacy declined together ... More


A School in Full 1995–2007

Robert McCaughey

in A Lever Long Enough: A History of Columbia's School of Engineering and Applied Science Since 1864

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231166881
eISBN:
9780231537520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231166881.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter focuses on the growth of Columbia University's School of Engineering and Applied Science (SEAS) during the years 1995–2007. It first considers the deanship of Zvi Galil and the ... More


Building Computers

Hallam Stevens

in Life Out of Sequence: A Data-Driven History of Bioinformatics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226080178
eISBN:
9780226080345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226080345.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter summarizes the migration of the computer from physics into biology. Although computers were used in biology before the late 1970s, it was the invention of DNA sequencing that did much to ... More


Combinatorial Auctions

Peter Cramton, Yoav Shoham, and Richard Steinberg (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262033428
eISBN:
9780262302920
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262033428.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

The study of combinatorial auctions—auctions in which bidders can bid on combinations of items or “packages”—draws on the disciplines of economics, operations research, and computer science. This ... More


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