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Andrew Mason

in Levelling the Playing Field: The Idea of Equal Opportunity and its Place in Egalitarian Thought

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199264414
eISBN:
9780191718489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264414.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter begins with an examination of the simple view that equality of opportunity requires open competition for advantaged social positions. It is argued that this idea is not really so simple. ... More


New Risks at the EU Level; A Spillover from Open Market Policies?

Trine P. Larsen and Peter Taylor-Gooby

in New Risks, New Welfare: The Transformation of the European Welfare State

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199267262
eISBN:
9780191602023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019926726X.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

New social risks are at the forefront of the EU's social policy agenda. In part, this is because a new social risk approach fits with open market policies, which stress constraints on state ... More


Quantum Transport in Mesoscopic Systems: Complexity and Statistical Fluctuations. A Maximum Entropy Viewpoint

Pier A. Mello and Narendra Kumar

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198525820
eISBN:
9780191712234
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525820.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This book presents a statistical theory of complex wave scattering and quantum transport in a class of physical systems of current interest having chaotic classical dynamics (e.g., microwave cavities ... More


Consumption Tax Policy and the Taxation of Capital Income

Raymond G. Batina and Toshihiro Ihori

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297901
eISBN:
9780191685361
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297901.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

The purpose of this book is to introduce the substantial literature on consumption tax policy and the taxation of capital income, the early literature on optimal tax theory in dynamic overlapping ... More


STRING THEORY AND GAUGE THEORY

Marcos Mariño

in Chern-Simons Theory, Matrix Models, and Topological Strings

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568490
eISBN:
9780191717604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568490.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter examines the relationship between gauge theories and topological strings. A precise correspondence between string theory and gauge theory was formulated by 't Hooft (1974), who used as a ... More


Mafias on the Move: How Organized Crime Conquers New Territories

Federico Varese

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128559
eISBN:
9781400836727
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128559.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Organized crime is spreading like a global virus as mobs take advantage of open borders to establish local franchises at will. That at least is the fear, inspired by stories of Russian mobsters in ... More


Behind the Berlin Wall: East Germany and the Frontiers of Power

Patrick Major

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199243280
eISBN:
9780191714061
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243280.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Few historical changes occur literally overnight, but on 13 August 1961 18 million East Germans awoke to find themselves walled in by an edifice which was to become synonymous with the Cold War: the ... More


New Social Risks and Welfare States: New Paradigm and New Politics?

Peter Taylor-Gooby

in New Risks, New Welfare: The Transformation of the European Welfare State

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199267262
eISBN:
9780191602023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019926726X.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter reviews work on new social risks. It concludes that welfare state regime and policy‐making structure makes an important difference to the emergence and development of new social risk ... More


Labor Conditions around the World

Robert J. Flanagan

in Globalization and Labor Conditions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195306002
eISBN:
9780199783564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195306007.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter introduces the measures of working conditions and labor rights that are the focus of the book and shows how labor conditions changed in the late 20th century. The key working conditions ... More


Trade and Labor Conditions

Robert J. Flanagan

in Globalization and Labor Conditions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195306002
eISBN:
9780199783564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195306007.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter examines the effect of international trade on labor conditions around the world. Evidence developed in the chapter shows that open trade policies improve working conditions by raising ... More


New Boundaries, New Structuring? On the Future of Social Protection in the European Union

Maurizio Ferrara

in The Boundaries of Welfare: European Integration and the New Spatial Politics of Social Protection

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199284665
eISBN:
9780191603273
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199284660.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter presents a map describing the new spatial architecture of social protection in the European Union resulting from free movement and competition rules, and their effects on traditional ... More


Sincerity and Truth: Essays on Arnauld, Bayle, and Toleration

John Kilcullen

Published in print:
1988
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198266914
eISBN:
9780191683114
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198266914.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

The chapters in this book reflect upon Pierre Bayle's Philosophical Commentary on the Words of the Gospel ‘Compel them to come in’, which appeared in parts in 1686–88, a classic statement of the case ... More


Open Economy Complications

Joseph E. Stiglitz, José Antonio Ocampo, Shari Spiegel, Ricardo Ffrench-Davis, and Deepak Nayyar

in Stability with Growth: Macroeconomics, Liberalization and Development

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199288144
eISBN:
9780191603884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199288143.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter extends the analysis of the previous chapter to an open economy by introducing exchange rate policy; analyzing the complex relationships between exchange rate, fiscal, and monetary ... More


Open, But How Much? Growth,Conflict, and Institutional Evolution in Open‐Source Communities <sup>1</sup>

Juan Mateos-Garcia and W. Edward Steinmueller

in Community, Economic Creativity, and Organization

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199545490
eISBN:
9780191720093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199545490.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, Knowledge Management

If ‘open source’ is taken as a practice employed in organizing human knowledge-related activities, it may be applied more broadly than just with software. Wherever it is used this chapter contends ... More


Knowledge Governance: What have We Learned? and Where are We Heading?

Nicolai J. Foss and Snejina Michailova

in Knowledge Governance: Processes and Perspectives

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199235926
eISBN:
9780191717093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235926.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

This chapter discusses learning about knowledge governance conveyed in the ten main chapters of the book. It concludes that it makes sense to speak of a distinct field or approach dedicated to ... More


 Open to All Parties: The Ordeal of Religious Integration

Chris Beneke

in Beyond Toleration: The Religious Origins of American Pluralism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305555
eISBN:
9780199784899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305558.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter examines religious discourse in mid-century America, which was characterized by unprecedented ecumenism and surprisingly widespread praise for integration. Beginning in the mid-1740s, ... More


Finland: One Hundred Years of Quietude

Tapio Raunio

in The Politics of Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199257560
eISBN:
9780191603280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257566.003.0023
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The Finnish electoral system – which will be 100 years old in 2006 – enjoys a high level of legitimacy among voters, and is thus unlikely to be changed. Finland has one of the most candidate-centred ... More


Knowledge Governance for Open Innovation: Evidence from an EU R&amp;D Collaboration

Harry Scarbrough and Kenneth Amaeshi

in Knowledge Governance: Processes and Perspectives

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199235926
eISBN:
9780191717093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235926.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

This chapter highlights a particularly challenging arena for knowledge governance, by focussing on the issues associated with large-scale R&D programmes of ‘open innovation’. The chapter develops a ... More


Open Secrets: Literature, Education, and Authority from J-J. Rousseau to J. M. Coetzee

Michael Bell

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199208098
eISBN:
9780191709227
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208098.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, World Literature, European Literature

This book reflects on humanistic education by examining the limits of the teachable in this domain. The Goethean motif of the open secret is not a mystery revealed but an utterance not understood, ... More


The Financing of the Monarchy

Vernon Bogdanor

in The Monarchy and the Constitution

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293347
eISBN:
9780191598821
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293348.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

The financing of the monarchy has always had constitutional implications. Indeed, control of finance was the crucial issue in the battles between the king and the parliament in the seventeenth ... More


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