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Responsibility for Omissions

Ingmar Persson and Julian Savulescu

in Unfit for the Future: The Need for Moral Enhancement

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199653645
eISBN:
9780191742033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653645.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The more our power to act — including our power to prevent suffering — grows because of the advance of scientific technology, the more important it becomes to see the falsity of the act-omission ... More


Absences

David M. Armstrong

in Sketch for a Systematic Metaphysics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199590612
eISBN:
9780191723391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590612.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

It is desirable to expel absences from the ontology. Phil Dowe's account of preventions and omissions (which involve absences) indicates that they supervene on actual causal states of affairs. ... More


Sources of Unfreedom

H. Matthew Kramer

in The Quality of Freedom

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199247561
eISBN:
9780191601927
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247560.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The U Postulate, which specifies the necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of any particular unfreedom, requires us to distinguish between the constraints on the freedom of any person ... More


 Euthanasia

Bernard Gert, Charles M. Culver, and K. Danner Clouser

in Bioethics: A systematic approach

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195159066
eISBN:
9780199786466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195159063.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses why euthanasia presents a moral dilemma for physicians. It shows that trying to distinguish between active and passive euthanasia in any of the following four ways: (1) acts ... More


Marxism and the City?

Ira Katznelson

in Marxism and the City

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198279242
eISBN:
9780191601910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198279248.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This introductory chapter starts by discussing the vast array of definitions and typologies of the city and the many specifications of the objects of urban studies (geography, sociology, politics, ... More


Sons and Brothers: Characterization

Grant Hardy

in Understanding the Book of Mormon: A Reader's Guide

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199731701
eISBN:
9780199777167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199731701.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature, World Religions

The first hundred pages of the Book of Mormon are presented as the writings of Nephi, who is also a character in the action. This chapter examines the ways in which he, as the narrator, shapes his ... More


Criminal Law Theory: Doctrines of the General Part

Stephen Shute and Andrew Simester (eds)

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199243495
eISBN:
9780191714177
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243495.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Written by philosophers and lawyers from the United States and the United Kingdom, this collection of original essays offers new insights into the doctrines that make up the general part of the ... More


Cross-linguistic generalizations in argument realization

Adele Goldberg

in Constructions at Work: The Nature of Generalization in Language

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199268511
eISBN:
9780191708428
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268511.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter considers several concrete proposals for universal linking generalizations. It is shown that the ‘universals’ are only tendencies, and each tendency is argued to be a result of general ... More


Does Criminal Liability Require an Act?

Douglas Husak

in The Philosophy of Criminal Law: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199585038
eISBN:
9780191723476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585038.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter argues against the claim that criminal liability is and ought to be imposed only for an act. No persuasive argument for this claim has yet been given. As an alternative, it suggests that ... More


Motive and Criminal Liability *

Douglas Husak

in The Philosophy of Criminal Law: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199585038
eISBN:
9780191723476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585038.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

Contrary to conventional wisdom, this chapter argues that the motive of the defendant is and ought to be relevant to his criminal liability. It attempts to show that motives are important to ... More


Supreme Court Decisions Since Miranda

Lawrence S. Wrightsman and Mary L. Pitman

in The Miranda Ruling: Its Past, Present, and Future

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199730902
eISBN:
9780199776986
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730902.003.006
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

The Supreme Court has decided more than 50 appeals relevant to its Miranda ruling since 1966. Though not completely so, the bulk of these decisions has been to restrict the situations and behaviors ... More


When do Firms Change the Dividend Policy? *

Luis Correia Da Silva, Marc Goergen, and Luc Renneboog

in Dividend Policy and Corporate Governance

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199259304
eISBN:
9780191600852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199259305.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Focuses on the flexibility of German dividends. The evidence obtained from analysing the data suggests that the dividend policy of German firms is much more flexible than that of UK or US firms. ... More


Dividend Policy, Corporate Control, and Tax Clienteles

Luis Correia Da Silva, Marc Goergen, and Luc Renneboog

in Dividend Policy and Corporate Governance

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199259304
eISBN:
9780191600852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199259305.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Analyses the link between dividend levels and control as well as dividend changes and control based on German data. We find a U‐shaped relation between the dividend payout and the proportion of ... More


Act and Crime: The Philosophy of Action and its Implications for Criminal Law

Michael S. Moore

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199599509
eISBN:
9780191594656
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599509.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This book seeks illumination of three aspects of Anglo-American criminal law by the philosophy of action. These are, first, the general requirement that an accused perform some voluntary act before ... More


Human Nature and Common-Sense Morality

Ingmar Persson and Julian Savulescu

in Unfit for the Future: The Need for Moral Enhancement

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199653645
eISBN:
9780191742033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653645.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter reviews relevant aspects of human psychology and common-sense morality. The fact that it is easier for us to harm than to benefit is reflected in so-called loss aversion; that our ... More


The Metaphysics of Complex Actions I: The Dependence of Complex Actions on Basic Acts

Michael S. Moore

in Act and Crime: The Philosophy of Action and its Implications for Criminal Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199599509
eISBN:
9780191594656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599509.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

The metaphysical question asked in this chapter is preliminary to the metaphysical question addressed in the succeeding chapter 11. In the latter chapter the issue is whether every complex action is ... More


The Doctrinal Unity of the Act Requirement

Michael S. Moore

in Act and Crime: The Philosophy of Action and its Implications for Criminal Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199599509
eISBN:
9780191594656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599509.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Are there crimes of mental state or mental action, status, omission, or possession in Anglo-American criminal law, and do (or would) the existence of any such crimes belie the existence of any ... More


The Orthodox View of the Act Requirement and Its Normative Defence

Michael S. Moore

in Act and Crime: The Philosophy of Action and its Implications for Criminal Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199599509
eISBN:
9780191594656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599509.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

The orthodox view of the act requirement is that it requires that there be a willed bodily movement. Excluded by the requirement are omissions, states of mind, emotions, bad character, status, and ... More


Torture and the Balance of Evils

Michael Moore

in Placing Blame: A Theory of the Criminal Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199599493
eISBN:
9780191594649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599493.003.0017
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

If (as the last chapter argues) criminal legislation should prima facie aim at prohibiting all and only moral wrongdoing, then the actual reach of the criminal law will depend on the nature of moral ... More


More on Act and Crime

Michael Moore

in Placing Blame: A Theory of the Criminal Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199599493
eISBN:
9780191594649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599493.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Central to human agency and thus to moral responsibility is the idea of human action. An earlier book (Act and Crime) defended a version of a causal theory of action according to which all human ... More


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