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Democratic Rural Development: Leadership Accountability in Regional Peasant Organizations 1

Jonathan Fox

in Accountability Politics: Power and Voice in Rural Mexico

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199208852
eISBN:
9780191709005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208852.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter analyzes the social foundations of democracy by focusing on the internal dynamics of building scaled-up, democratic counterweights under authoritarian rule. It takes up the challenge ... More


Linking Party Strategies With Organizational Change

Susan E. Scarrow

in Parties and Their Members: Organizing for Victory in Britain and Germany

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198279181
eISBN:
9780191600166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198279183.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

In the last decades of the twentieth century, leaders of the largest parties in Britain and Germany began reexamining their parties’ organizational strategies to find new ways to use party members to ... More


Roman history and the ideological vacuum

T. P. Wiseman

in Classics in Progress: Essays on Ancient Greece and Rome

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263235
eISBN:
9780191734328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263235.003.0012
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

For the twentieth century, the political history of Athens was essentially ideological, involving great issues of freedom and tyranny, while that of the Roman Republic was merely a struggle for ... More


Roman History and the Ideological Vacuum

T. P. Wiseman

in Remembering the Roman People: Essays on Late-Republican Politics and Literature

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199239764
eISBN:
9780191716836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239764.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

In the Roman republic, only the People could make laws and elect politicians to office; the word respublica means ‘The People's business’. So why is it always assumed that the republic was an ... More


Three City-State Experiences

David Stasavage

in States of Credit: Size, Power, and the Development of European Polities

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691140575
eISBN:
9781400838875
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691140575.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter examines public credit and political representation in three European city-states: Cologne, Genoa, and Siena. The goal is to identify the mechanisms at work that determined whether a ... More


Government and the Judiciary

Robert Stevens

in The British Constitution in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263198
eISBN:
9780191734755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263198.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

This chapter examines the changes in the relation between the government and the judiciary in Great Britain during the twentieth century, explaining that, for much of the twentieth century, the ... More


Democracy in the Philippines

Tony Smith

in America's Mission: The United States and the Worldwide Struggle for Democracy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154923
eISBN:
9781400842025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154923.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines the dynamic of American imperialism in the Philippines since 1898 and the role played by the United States in determining the values, practices, and institutions that constitute ... More


Survival and transformation, 1450–1600

Tom Scott

in The City-State in Europe, 1000-1600: Hinterland, Territory, Region

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199274604
eISBN:
9780191738685
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199274604.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

City‐states after 1500 were not a spent force; rather, they survived by transformation and adjustment, even if their increasingly aristocratic governments have been denounced as oligarchies which ... More


Partisan Strife, 1583–1588: Holland and its Critics

James D. Tracy

in The Founding of the Dutch Republic: War, Finance, and Politics in Holland, 1572-1588

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199209118
eISBN:
9780191706134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199209118.003.0013
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

Ardent Calvinists and refugees from the south blamed Holland for the loss of Flanders and Brabant; did not Holland's merchants batten on trade with the foe? Leicester thus found support for a more ... More


Introduction

Steven Gunn, David Grummitt, and Hans Cools

in War, State, and Society in England and the Netherlands 1477-1559

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199207503
eISBN:
9780191708848
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207503.003.003
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter introduces the variety of towns found in England and the Netherlands: towns large and small, centres of industry, trade, and administration; booming like Antwerp or in crisis like ... More


War and Urban Government

Steven Gunn, David Grummitt, and Hans Cools

in War, State, and Society in England and the Netherlands 1477-1559

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199207503
eISBN:
9780191708848
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207503.003.006
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter examines the impact of war on the economic and political structures of urban life and civic finances. Wartime destruction and interruptions to trade posed challenges to the management of ... More


Organization and Culture

David Howell

in MacDonald's Party: Labour Identities and Crisis 1922-1931

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198203049
eISBN:
9780191719530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203049.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

The analysis of formal institutions and procedures provides an insufficient basis for an understanding of Labour Party organization. Over time, party institutions developed cultural identities that ... More


Dual Democracy

Anne Peters

in The Constitutionalization of International Law

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199543427
eISBN:
9780191720475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199543427.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

Global constitutionalism requires dual democratic mechanisms. A fully democratized world order first of all rests on democratic nation states, thus on democracy within states. ‘Above’ and among ... More


John Adams and the Fear of American Oligarchy

Luke Mayville

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691171531
eISBN:
9781400883691
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691171531.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Long before “the one percent” became a protest slogan, American founding father John Adams feared the power of a class he called simply “the few”—the wellborn, the beautiful, and especially the rich. ... More


The Rich

Theodore Zeldin

in A History of French Passions: Volume 1: Ambition, Love, and Politics

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198221777
eISBN:
9780191678493
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198221777.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter reveals that the two hundred families who held most of France's wealth ran its major industries, and bribed its politicians to do their bidding, controlling France for most of this ... More


Parish Office and the Formation of Social Identity

H. R. French

in The Middle Sort of People in Provincial England, 1600-1750

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199296385
eISBN:
9780191712029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296385.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter examines the language and the economic distinctions through which ‘middling’ status in the parish was expressed. It analyses the terms by which parish rulers expressed their corporate ... More


‘Chief Inhabitants’ and ‘Material Culture’

H. R. French

in The Middle Sort of People in Provincial England, 1600-1750

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199296385
eISBN:
9780191712029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296385.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter extends the analysis of social and material distinctions amongst the ‘middling’ at parish level by looking at household and personal goods. Using large samples of probate inventories ... More


Classical Greek Oligarchy: A Political History

Matthew Simonton

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691174976
eISBN:
9781400885145
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691174976.001.0001
Subject:
History, Political History

This book thoroughly reassesses an important but neglected form of government in ancient Greece, the “rule of the few.” The book challenges scholarly orthodoxy by showing that oligarchy was not the ... More


Political Power

Chester G. Starr

in The Aristocratic Temper of Greek Civilization

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195074581
eISBN:
9780199854363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195074581.003.0003
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter shows that aristocrats were politically essential, but they were also harnessed within the polis. The Greek upper classes might dress and otherwise live more elegantly than common folk, ... More


Priest Under Fire: "Padre David Rodríguez, the Catholic Church, and El Salvador's Revolutionary Movement"

Peter M. Sánchez

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780813061191
eISBN:
9780813051482
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813061191.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

Priest Under Fire recounts the remarkable life story of a bold Salvadoran priest—Padre David Rodríguez—who in 1970 embraced the Catholic Church’s call to serve the poor and consequently became an ... More


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