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The United Nations Compensation Commission

Hans van Houtte, Hans Das, and Bart Delmartino

in The Handbook of Reparations

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199291922
eISBN:
9780191603716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199291926.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

In the aftermath of the 1990-1991 Gulf War, the UN Security Council determined that Iraq was liable under international law for any direct damage resulting from its unlawful invasion and occupation ... More


Sovereign Wealth Funds: The New Intersection of Money and Politics

Christopher Balding

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199842902
eISBN:
9780199932498
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199842902.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Sovereign wealth funds are a dynamic and sizeable force in international finance. There is surprisingly little information about their history, economics, investments, and politics. This book seeks ... More


Contract as Metaphor

Mark J. Joe

in Political Determinants of Corporate Governance: Political Context, Corporate Impact

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199205301
eISBN:
9780191695612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205301.003.0018
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability, Business History

The political problem of backlash is analogous to the economic problem of producing from a common pool. When a society has an asset that it uses in common, overusing it can destroy its value, and ... More


Accumulation of Technological Capabilities and Economic Development: Did Brazil's IPR Regime Matter?

Roberto Mazzoleni and Luciano Martins Costa Póvoa

in Intellectual Property Rights, Development, and Catch-Up: An International Comparative Study

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199574759
eISBN:
9780191722660
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574759.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter discusses Brazil. After a long period of decline, growth spurted during 1950–80 and, in 1968–73, the growth rate reached 11.2 percent. As three case studies illustrate, the patent system ... More


Rationalized Production:: Mechanization, Automation, Robotization

Vaclav Smil

in Transforming the Twentieth Century: Volume 2: Technical Innovations and Their Consequences

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195168754
eISBN:
9780199783601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168755.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Mechanization — a key trend of pre-WWI technical advances — intensified in all industrial sectors and reached new levels with automation and robotization after WWII. Major advances made in coal ... More


Introduction

Edeltraud Roller

in The Performance of Democracies: Political Institutions and Public Policy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199286423
eISBN:
9780191603358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286426.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This introductory chapter defines the questions and goals of the study, and provides a brief overview on the state of research regarding the performance of democracies. It seeks to answer two ... More


Welfare and Work in the Open Economy Volume II: Diverse Responses to Common Challenges in Twelve Countries

Fritz W. Scharpf and Vivien A. Schmidt (eds)

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240920
eISBN:
9780191600180
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240922.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This is the second of a two‐volume study of the adjustment of advanced welfare states to international economic pressures, in which leading scholars detail the wide variety of responses in 12 ... More


Welfare and Work in the Open Economy Volume I: From Vulnerability to Competitiveness in Comparative Perspective

Fritz W. Scharpf and Vivien A. Schmidt (eds)

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240883
eISBN:
9780191600173
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240884.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This is the first of a two‐volume study of the adjustment of advanced welfare states to international economic pressures, in which leading scholars detail the wide variety of responses in 12 ... More


Sources of Competitiveness of Large Mexican Groups

Robert Grosse and Douglas Thomas

in Can Latin American Firms Compete?

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199233755
eISBN:
9780191715549
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233755.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business

This chapter examines the processes of organizational adaptation and competitiveness of firms in an emerging economy. The study is set in the Argentine context of the 1990s when a combination of ... More


Introduction

Fritz W. Scharpf and Vivien A. Schmidt

in Welfare and Work in the Open Economy Volume II: Diverse Responses to Common Challenges in Twelve Countries

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240920
eISBN:
9780191600180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240922.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Briefly sets the background for the country studies by discussing the economic conditions that supported the rise of the welfare state in the post‐war years and by highlighting the economic changes ... More


Switzerland Adjustment Politics Within Institutional Constraints

Giuliano Bonoli and André Mach

in Welfare and Work in the Open Economy Volume II: Diverse Responses to Common Challenges in Twelve Countries

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240920
eISBN:
9780191600180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240922.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Among ‘Continental’ welfare states, Switzerland had and has the highest per capita income and the highest employment ratio in the group of advanced welfare states included in this study. Its ... More


France Directing Adjustment?

Jonah D. Levy

in Welfare and Work in the Open Economy Volume II: Diverse Responses to Common Challenges in Twelve Countries

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240920
eISBN:
9780191600180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240922.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The Bismarckian welfare state in France is financed by social security contributions to an even greater degree than is true in Germany. During the oil‐price crises of the 1970s and early 1980s, job ... More


Introduction

Fritz W. Scharpf and Vivien A. Schmidt

in Welfare and Work in the Open Economy Volume I: From Vulnerability to Competitiveness in Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240883
eISBN:
9780191600173
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240884.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter briefly sets the background for the comparative chapters by discussing the common challenges faced by the post‐war welfare state, beginning in the 1970s with the end of the Bretton Woods ... More


Any Way out of ‘Exit from Work’? Reversing the Entrenched Pathways of Early Retirement

Bernhard Ebbinghaus

in Welfare and Work in the Open Economy Volume II: Diverse Responses to Common Challenges in Twelve Countries

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240920
eISBN:
9780191600180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240922.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

After the first oil‐price crisis, many (but not all) OECD countries used early retirement as an adaptation to industrial restructuration, mass unemployment, the social needs of older workers, and the ... More


Innovation, Path Dependency, and Policy: The Norwegian Case

Jan Fagerberg, David Mowery, and Bart Verspagen (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199551552
eISBN:
9780191720819
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551552.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy, Innovation

Innovation is often associated with high-technology industries, such as information and communication technologies, scientific research in large-scale facilities in firms or universities, and ... More


Pemex—Transforming a National Company

Chrisanthi Avgerou

in Information Systems and Global Diversity

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199263424
eISBN:
9780191714252
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263424.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This chapter studies the efforts of Pemex, the Mexican oil corporation, to develop effective information systems over the past four decades. The information systems innovation processes are discussed ... More


Human impact on polar regions

David N. Thomas, G.E. (Tony) Fogg, Peter Convey, Christian H. Fritsen, Josep-Maria Gili, Rolf Gradinger, Johanna Laybourn-Parry, Keith Reid, and David W.H. Walton

in The Biology of Polar Regions

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298112
eISBN:
9780191711640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298112.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses the impact of humans on polar regions. Topics covered include the first invasions by humans, the ecology of pre-industrial humans in the Arctic, sealing and whaling, hunting, ... More


Dynamic Feedbacks and Accelerating Changes

Robin M. Leichenko and Karen L. O'Brien

in Environmental Change and Globalization: Double Exposures

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195177329
eISBN:
9780199869800
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177329.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter explores linkages and feedbacks between global environmental change and globalization. It first shows how interactions between the two processes may enhance global connectivities and ... More


Shaping Global Islamic Discourses: The Role of al-Azhar, al-Medina and al-Mustafa

Masooda Bano and Keiko Sakurai (eds)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780748696857
eISBN:
9781474412247
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748696857.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Claims abound that Saudi oil money is fuelling Salafi Islam in cultural and geographical terrains as disparate as the remote hamlets of the Swat valley in Pakistan and sprawling megacities such as ... More


Northern and Insular Scots

Robert McColl Millar

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748623167
eISBN:
9780748651528
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748623167.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, English Language

The Scots dialects of northern Scotland, Orkney, and Shetland are among the most traditional varieties of ‘English’, exhibiting features not current elsewhere for centuries. Until recently, they were ... More


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