Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 50 items

  • Keywords: offspring x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Parent‐Offspring Conflict and the Development of Social Understanding *

Daniel J. Povinelli, Christopher G. Prince, and Todd M. Preuss

in The Innate Mind: Structure and Contents

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195179675
eISBN:
9780199869794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179675.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter begins with a brief review of the theory of parent-offspring conflict and considers the role of this conflict in the cognitive development of human infants. It then discusses the ... More


Influences of Family Environment on Cognition

K. Warner Schaie

in Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence: The Seattle longitudinal study

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156737
eISBN:
9780199786817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156737.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter presents data from the Seattle Longitudinal Study on the similarity of perceptions about family environments of parents and their adult offspring and the similarity in such perceptions ... More


Parent–Offspring Conflict

Catherine A. Salmon

in Family Relationships: An Evolutionary Perspective

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195320510
eISBN:
9780199786800
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320510.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

At first glance, the relationship between parent and child seems to begin in perfect harmony. The image of parents' devotion to their infant is one that has been depicted in art for thousands of ... More


Evolutionary Perspectives on Sibling Relationships

Richard L. Michalski and Harald A. Euler

in Family Relationships: An Evolutionary Perspective

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195320510
eISBN:
9780199786800
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320510.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Sibling relationships are unique. They are the longest lasting human social relationship exceeding, on average, the length of relationships with parents, mates, and children. The powerful underlying ... More


Development of independence: Sumatran and Bornean orangutans compared

Maria A. van Noordwijk, Simone E.B. Sauren, Nuzuar Abulani Ahbam, Helen C. Morrogh-Bernard, S. Suci Utami Atmoko, and Carel P. van Schaik

in Orangutans: Geographic Variation in Behavioral Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199213276
eISBN:
9780191707568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213276.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Among known mammals, orangutans have the longest period of dependence and exclusive association between mother and offspring before a younger sibling is born. Comparison of available data on wild ... More


Temperature and the Life History

Michael J. Angilletta

in Thermal Adaptation: A Theoretical and Empirical Synthesis

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780198570875
eISBN:
9780191718748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570875.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

The thermal sensitivity of performance places selective pressures on the life histories of ectotherms. In general, higher developmental temperatures lead to smaller adult sizes and offspring sizes. ... More


De Bono Coniugali: The Good of Marriage

P. G. Walsh

in De bono coniugali and De sancta virginitate

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780198269953
eISBN:
9780191601132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269951.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Marriage is the natural institution of society established for companionship and for the continuation of the human race. It must be lifelong, and the partners must show total fidelity to each other. ... More


Intimate relations: Evolutionary conflicts of pregnancy and childhood

David Haig

in Evolution in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780199207466
eISBN:
9780191728167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207466.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter surveys the impact of evolutionary conflicts on maternal and fetal health in pregnancy and childhood. Some adaptations that have evolved to benefit mothers may be costly to offspring and ... More


The New Kinship: Constructing Donor-Conceived Families

Naomi R. Cahn

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814772034
eISBN:
9780814772041
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814772034.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Family Law

No federal law in the United States requires that egg or sperm donors or recipients exchange any information with the offspring that result from the donation. Donors typically enter into contracts ... More


Battered Women, Happy Genes: There Is No Such Thing as Altruism, Pathological or Otherwise

Satoshi Kanazawa

in Pathological Altruism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199738571
eISBN:
9780199918669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738571.003.0217
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter suggests that the problem of cooperation and altruism, one of the central theoretical problems of evolutionary biology and rational choice theory, may already have been resolved. Making ... More


Statistical considerations in intergenerational studies

Dorothea Nitsch and Gita D Mishra

in Family matters: Designing, analysing and understanding family based studies in life course epidemiology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199231034
eISBN:
9780191723841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231034.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Intergenerational data necessarily reflect the time and place that the different generations of participants were living in. This chapter aims first to introduce simple concepts to provide an ... More


Parent–offspring conflict

Rebecca M. Kilner and Camilla A. Hinde

in The Evolution of Parental Care

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199692576
eISBN:
9780191774737
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692576.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Disputes between parents and their young might seem easy enough to spot in everyday human life, but the notion of a general, evolutionary conflict between offspring and their parents has proved ... More


The Neurobiology of Maternal Behavior in Mammals

Frédéric Lévy and Alison S. Fleming

in The Development of Social Engagement: Neurobiological Perspectives

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195168716
eISBN:
9780199847853
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168716.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter discusses the factors that affect a new mother's initial responses to her offspring and how she is changed by those responses, taking into account the mechanisms underlying maternal ... More


The Communication of Emotions and the Possibility of Empathy in Animals

Stephanie D. Preston and Frans B. M. De Waal

in Altruism and Altruistic Love: Science, Philosophy, and Religion in Dialogue

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195143584
eISBN:
9780199848119
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195143584.003.0025
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The possibility of nonhuman animals having empathy and sympathy has thus far received little attention in behavioral biology. Many animals are emotionally affected by the distress of another and ... More


Multivariate Parent-Offspring Analyses of Specific Cognitive Abilities

Maricela Alarcón, Robert Plomin, Robin P. Corley, and John C. Defries

in Nature, Nurture, and the Transition to Early Adolescence

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195157475
eISBN:
9780199848065
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195157475.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

During the last few decades, family, twin, and adoption designs have been used to assess the genetic and environmental etiologies of specific cognitive ... More


Maternal Influences on Offspring Growth, Reproduction, and Behavior in Primates

Dario Maestripieri

in Maternal Effects in Mammals

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226501192
eISBN:
9780226501222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226501222.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

This chapter reviews current knowledge about maternal influences on offspring growth, reproduction, and behavior in nonhuman primates, particularly Old World monkeys. It describes the process by ... More


Being Born with Dignity: Selecting the Genetic Characteristics of Offspring

Beryck Beyleveld and Roger Brownsword

in Human Dignity in Bioethics and Biolaw

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198268260
eISBN:
9780191683473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198268260.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

Developments in modern biotechnology and biomedical science enable those wanting children to select the genetic characteristics of their offspring. This chapter considers whether various means to ... More


Reproduction and Life History

Eric R. Pianka and Laurie J. Vitt

in Lizards: Windows to the Evolution of Diversity

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520234017
eISBN:
9780520939912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520234017.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter discusses reproduction in lizards. It begins by discussing seasonal cycles in lizard reproduction and then examines fecundity and egg and offspring size. Reproductive strategies in ... More


Ontogeny of Stable Individual Differences: Gene, Environment, and Epigenetic Mechanisms

James P. Curley and Igor Branchi

in Animal Personalities: Behavior, Physiology, and Evolution

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226922058
eISBN:
9780226922065
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226922065.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

This chapter discusses the mechanisms through which stable individual differences in neurobiology and behavior emerge during development, which include mother–offspring interactions, and peer ... More


Does the Middle Class Have Boundaries?

André Béteille

in Interrogating India's Modernity: Democracy, Identity, and Citizenship

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780198092070
eISBN:
9780199082704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198092070.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

The significance of the middle class in Indian social life has grown since the early 1990s, partly because of its demographic expansion. It has also become internally more diverse. However, despite ... More


View: