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The Problem of Enforcement Error

Randy E. Barnett

in The Structure of Liberty: Justice and the Rule of Law

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297291
eISBN:
9780191598777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297297.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The problem of enforcement error arises when using power to achieve compliance with justice and the rule of law increases the costs imposed by erroneous judgements on the innocent. Because the use of ... More


The Development of Persistent Criminality

Joanne Savage (ed.)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195310313
eISBN:
9780199871384
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310313.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This volume addresses one of the most pressing problems of modern criminology: Why do some individuals become chronic, persistent offenders? Chronic offenders are responsible for the majority of ... More


Strain, Social Support, and Persistent Criminality

Stephanie Ellis and Joanne Savage

in The Development of Persistent Criminality

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195310313
eISBN:
9780199871384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310313.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines the role of adolescent strain and social support in the etiology of persistent offending. After reviewing the literature on persistent criminality, strain theory, and social ... More


Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Persistent Female Offending: A Review of Theory and Research

Asha Goldweber, Lisa M. Broidy, and Elizabeth Cauffman

in The Development of Persistent Criminality

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195310313
eISBN:
9780199871384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310313.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter reviews evidence documenting a persistent female offender group and their characteristics. Though small, this group has some defining characteristics. Overall, the evidence shows that ... More


Methodological Issues in the Study of Persistence in Offending

Alex R. Piquero

in The Development of Persistent Criminality

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195310313
eISBN:
9780199871384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310313.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter seeks to provide an overview of the knowledge base regarding persistence in criminal careers. In doing so, the chapter provides an overview of the definitional issues associated with ... More


A Dynamic Developmental Systems Approach to Understanding Offending in Early Adulthood

Deborah M. Capaldi and Margit Wiesner

in The Development of Persistent Criminality

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195310313
eISBN:
9780199871384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310313.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter begins by reviewing the current theory regarding developmental models of crime and delinquency, and issues of persistence and desistance from adolescence into the early adult period. We ... More


Saving Children from a Life of Crime: Early Risk Factors and Effective Interventions

David P. Farrington and Brandon C. Welsh

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195304091
eISBN:
9780199944071
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304091.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

After decades of rigorous study in the United States and across the Western world, a great deal is known about the early risk factors for offending. High impulsiveness, low attainment, criminal ... More


Understanding Risk and Protective Factors

David P. Farrington and Brandon C. Welsh

in Saving Children from a Life of Crime: Early Risk Factors and Effective Interventions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195304091
eISBN:
9780199944071
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304091.003.0012
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter provides definitions of risk factors and protective factors against delinquency and later offending and discusses some key issues arising in risk factor research, particularly regarding ... More


Individual Factors

David P. Farrington and Brandon C. Welsh

in Saving Children from a Life of Crime: Early Risk Factors and Effective Interventions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195304091
eISBN:
9780199944071
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304091.003.0014
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter examines the individual factor in delinquency and later offending. The findings reveal that low intelligence and low educational attainment, and low empathy and impulsiveness, are ... More


Family Factors

David P. Farrington and Brandon C. Welsh

in Saving Children from a Life of Crime: Early Risk Factors and Effective Interventions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195304091
eISBN:
9780199944071
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304091.003.0015
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter evaluates the importance of family factors as predictors of offending. The findings reveal that strongest predictor is usually criminal or antisocial parents while other quite strong and ... More


Socioeconomic, Peer, School, and Community Factors

David P. Farrington and Brandon C. Welsh

in Saving Children from a Life of Crime: Early Risk Factors and Effective Interventions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195304091
eISBN:
9780199944071
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304091.003.0016
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter examines the importance of socioeconomic factors as predictors of offending and reviews peer, school, and community influences. The findings reveal that offenders usually come from ... More


Understanding risk-focused prevention

David P. Farrington and Brandon C. Welsh

in Saving Children from a Life of Crime: Early Risk Factors and Effective Interventions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195304091
eISBN:
9780199944071
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304091.003.0018
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter reviews the classification of prevention programs for offending, focusing on the so-called risk-focused prevention. It explains that risk-focused prevention is the leading conceptual, ... More


Individual Prevention

David P. Farrington and Brandon C. Welsh

in Saving Children from a Life of Crime: Early Risk Factors and Effective Interventions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195304091
eISBN:
9780199944071
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304091.003.0019
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter discusses individual-based prevention programs for potential criminals. It explains that these types of programs target risk factors for delinquency and later offending that are found ... More


Family Prevention

David P. Farrington and Brandon C. Welsh

in Saving Children from a Life of Crime: Early Risk Factors and Effective Interventions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195304091
eISBN:
9780199944071
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304091.003.0022
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter evaluates family-based prevention programs or programs that target risk factors for delinquency and later offending that are associated with the family, such as poor child-rearing, poor ... More


Peer, school, and community prevention

David P. Farrington and Brandon C. Welsh

in Saving Children from a Life of Crime: Early Risk Factors and Effective Interventions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195304091
eISBN:
9780199944071
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304091.003.0024
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter evaluates the effectiveness of early peer, school, and community interventions in preventing delinquency and later offending. The findings reveal that the community-based approach is ... More


Violence in Context: Current Evidence on Risk, Protection, and Prevention

Todd I. Herrenkohl, Eugene Aisenberg, James Herbert Williams, and Jeffrey M. Jenson (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195369595
eISBN:
9780199865215
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369595.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

This book offers a critical appraisal of research and theory focused on violence in youth, families, and communities. Chapters examine the ways in which violence is defined and ... More


Implementing restorative justice in children's residential care

Carol Hayden

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847426482
eISBN:
9781447302568
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847426482.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

Restorative justice (RJ) and restorative approaches (RAs) are becoming increasingly valued as a way of responding to a wide range of conflicts, including problem behaviour and offending behaviour. ... More


Offenders in focus: Risk, responsivity and diversity

Kathryn Farrow

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861347879
eISBN:
9781447302865
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861347879.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

A great deal has been written about developing effective practice against a backdrop of rapid change in criminal justice services. Much of this is research-oriented and not always accessible to ... More


Understanding Persistent Offending: Linking Developmental Psychology with Research on the Criminal Career

Joanne Savage

in The Development of Persistent Criminality

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195310313
eISBN:
9780199871384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310313.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

In recent years we have come to know that a small percentage of individuals commit about half of all the crime that occurs. This finding has inspired a significant amount of work in the area of ... More


The Influence of Family Context on the Development and Persistence of Antisocial Behavior

Linda S. Pagani

in The Development of Persistent Criminality

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195310313
eISBN:
9780199871384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310313.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines the links between family influences and the development and persistence of antisocial behavior. Bearing a strong preference for longitudinal designs, it synthesizes the ... More


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