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On Gaia: A Critical Investigation of the Relationship between Life and Earth

Toby Tyrrell

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691121581
eISBN:
9781400847914
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691121581.001.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

One of the enduring questions about our planet is how it has remained continuously habitable over vast stretches of geological time despite the fact that its atmosphere and climate are potentially ... More


Conclusions: An Ecosystem Perspective of Shallow Marine Reefs

Tim R. McClanahan and George M. Branch

in Food Webs and the Dynamics of Marine Reefs

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195319958
eISBN:
9780199869596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195319958.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter summarizes what the authors consider to be the key and general organizing principles of kelp forests and coral reefs along gradients of oceanography, latitude, and effects of fishing and ... More


Complexity of Marine Fisheries Dynamics and Climate Interactions in the Northeast Pacific Ocean

Kevin M. Bailey, Anne B. Hollowed, and Warren S. Wooster

in Marine Ecosystems and Climate Variation: The North Atlantic: A Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507499
eISBN:
9780191709845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507499.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

The impact of climate on fisheries is highly variable, indirect, and complex. Several dominant themes related to climate change and fisheries are considered in some of the chapters in this volume ... More


Materials and Methods

Taisoo Park

in Taxonomy and Distribution of the Calanoid Copepod Family Heterorhabdidae

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520098428
eISBN:
9780520916029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520098428.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter examines specimens picked from the Isaacs–Kidd midwater trawl (IKMT) samples selected from the collections available at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography (SIO). It notes that ... More


Epilogue: The Great Trends in Exploration and the Challenges Ahead

Wolf H. Berger

in Ocean: Reflections on a Century of Exploration

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247789
eISBN:
9780520942547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247789.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

The period between 1880 and 1930 laid the foundations for modern oceanography. It was a time of great expeditions and great expansion of sophisticated instrumentation. A shift to acoustics and marine ... More


Introduction: Coping With a Sea of Change

Wolf H. Berger

in Ocean: Reflections on a Century of Exploration

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247789
eISBN:
9780520942547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247789.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This book explores the physical, chemical, and biological aspects of the ocean. It discusses the history of oceanography and exploration, and pays special attention to the developments of the Scripps ... More


Discovering the Ocean: Of Fish and Ships and People

Wolf H. Berger

in Ocean: Reflections on a Century of Exploration

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247789
eISBN:
9780520942547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247789.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter discusses the impact of human activities on the ocean and provides a brief history of the expansion of ocean research. It begins by discussing the major causes of fishery decline in the ... More


Processes in Microbial Ecology

David L. Kirchman

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198789406
eISBN:
9780191831256
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789406.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Aquatic Biology

Processes in Microbial Ecology discusses the major processes carried out by viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, and other protists—the microbes—in freshwater, marine, and terrestrial ecosystems. The ... More


Great Whales as Prey Using Demography and Bioenergetics to Infer Interactions in Marine Mammal Communities

DANIEL F. DOAK, TERRIE M. WILLIAMS, and JAMES A. ESTES

in Whales, Whaling, and Ocean Ecosystems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520248847
eISBN:
9780520933200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520248847.003.0018
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

One way to address big-scale problems and processes is to use small-scale data to construct and test mechanistic models of events at higher levels of organization and at larger spatial scales. Even ... More


Whales and Whaling in the North Pacific Ocean and Bering Sea Oceanographic Insights and Ecosystem Impacts

ALAN M. SPRINGER, GUS B. VAN VLIET, JOHN F. PIATT, and ERIC M. DANNER

in Whales, Whaling, and Ocean Ecosystems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520248847
eISBN:
9780520933200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520248847.003.0019
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Did the removal of megatons of upper-trophic-level consumers significantly alter food-web dynamics by removing significant levels of predatory controls over prey populations, removing an important ... More


Processes in Microbial Ecology

David L. Kirchman

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199586936
eISBN:
9780191774645
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586936.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This book, which discusses the major processes carried out by viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, and other protists – the microbes – in freshwater, marine, and terrestrial ecosystems, focuses on ... More


Changing the Mission:: From the Cold War to Climate Change

Naomi Oreskes

in Science and Technology in the Global Cold War

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262027953
eISBN:
9780262326100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027953.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In the early 1990s a group of American oceanographers sought to change their focus away from Cold War military concerns and toward environmental matters related to anthropogenic climate change. ... More


Thalassomania: Modernity and the Sea

Alexis Wick

in Red Sea: In Search of Lost Space

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520285910
eISBN:
9780520961265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520285910.003.0005
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter examines the emergence of the Red Sea as an operative concept at the center of the discursive formation of modernity, with particular emphasis on its surprisingly important place in the ... More


Evolutionary Ecology of Marine Invertebrate Larvae

Tyler Carrier, Adam Reitzel, and Andreas Heyland (eds)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198786962
eISBN:
9780191829086
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198786962.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

For more than a century, evolutionary biologists, ecologists, and oceanographers alike have been intellectually stimulated by marine invertebrate larval forms. In 1995, Ecology of Marine Invertebrate ... More


Matthew Fontaine Maury's “Sea of Fire”: Hydrography, Biogeography, and Providence in the Tropics

D. Graham Burnett

in Tropical Visions in an Age of Empire

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226164717
eISBN:
9780226164700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226164700.003.0007
Subject:
History, Imperialism and Colonialism

This chapter discusses the hydrographic mapping of Matthew Fontaine Maury. The significance of his mapping methods was important for the development of oceanography and for his particular conception ... More


Conclusion: The Tides of Empire

in Tides of History: Ocean Science and Her Majesty's Navy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226709321
eISBN:
9780226709338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226709338.003.0009
Subject:
History, Environmental History

Scientific interest in the ocean followed directly from the growing popular fascination in the late eighteenth century with the natural history and physical topography of the seashore. Beginning in ... More


Data assimilation in coastal oceanography: IS4DVAR in the Regional Ocean Modelling System (ROMS)

J. Zavala-Garay, J. Wilkin, and J. Levin

in Advanced Data Assimilation for Geosciences: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches School of Physics: Special Issue, June 2012

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198723844
eISBN:
9780191791185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723844.003.0024
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

This chapter presents examples of variational data assimilation in coastal oceanography using the Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS). Realizing that satellite data is the only source of ... More


Open Seas and Closed Minds

Charles Officer and Jake Page

in A Fabulous Kingdom: The Exploration of the Arctic

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199837809
eISBN:
9780190267872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199837809.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter provides a scientific overview of what the Arctic was like in the mid-nineteenth century. It addresses the issue that science has no defining data on the Arctic, especially with respect ... More


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