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Symptoms and syndromes of anxiety

Jeffrey A. Gray and Neil McNaughton

in The Neuropsychology of Anxiety: An enquiry into the function of the septo-hippocampal system

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198522713
eISBN:
9780191712517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198522713.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter provides a typology of disorders of fear and anxiety — such as anxiety disorder, phobias including agoraphobia, panic, and social anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder, and ... More


Bioethics and the Brain

Walter Glannon

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195307788
eISBN:
9780199867431
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307788.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Our ability to map and intervene in the structure of the human brain is proceeding at a very quick rate. Advances in psychiatry, neurology, and neurosurgery have given us fresh insights into the ... More


Emotional regulation and affective disorders in children and adolescents with obsessive compulsive disorder

Martine Flament and David Cohen

in Emotional Development:: Recent Research Advances

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198528845
eISBN:
9780191689567
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528845.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter examines the psychological, biochemical, and neurological models of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in children. Typically, children and adolescents with OCD experience multiple ... More


Serotonin in obsessive-compulsive disorder: a causal connection or more monomania about a major monoamine?

Thomas R. Insel

in 5-Hydroxytryptamine in Psychiatry: A Spectrum of Ideas

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192620118
eISBN:
9780191724725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192620118.003.0018
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) has been implicated in a number of psychiatric syndromes, but it is obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) that currently provides the most compelling evidence of a ... More


Mental Illness and Its Limits

Jennifer Radden (ed.)

in The Philosophy of Psychiatry: A Companion

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195149531
eISBN:
9780199870943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149531.003.0032
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Studies indicate an ongoing “epidemic of psychopathology.” These newly popular pathologies range widely, not just in their incidence but in their presentation: social anxiety disorder, panic ... More


Psychiatric Models

Henry Szechtman and David Eilam

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat: A Handbook with Tests

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195162851
eISBN:
9780199863891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162851.003.0043
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter begins with a discussion of the conflicts associated with a rise of a biological psychiatry perspective on mental illness, suggesting that the current preeminence of this viewpoint has ... More


The anxiety disorders

Dianna T. Kenny

in The Psychology of Music Performance Anxiety

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199586141
eISBN:
9780191731129
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586141.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter examines the construct of anxiety in greater detail and reviews the various diagnoses within the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR) of the American ... More


5-Hydroxytryptamine in Psychiatry: A Spectrum of Ideas

Merton Sandler, Alec Coppen, and Sara Harnett (eds)

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192620118
eISBN:
9780191724725
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192620118.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

The field of research in 5-hydroxytryptamine has exploded into furious activity over the past decade and nowhere have the implications been more far reaching than in psychiatry. Thanks largely to the ... More


Life course epidemiology of anxiety disorders

Renee D. Goodwin, Katja Beesdo-Baum, Susanne Knappe, and Dan J. Stein

in A Life Course Approach to Mental Disorders

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199657018
eISBN:
9780191748097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657018.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Anxiety disorders are considered the most common and earliest occurring mental disorders. They are associated with social, academic, and occupational impairment in childhood, and increased risk of a ... More


Selective Memory Effects in Anxiety Disorders: An Overview of Research Findings and their Implications

Colin Macleod and Andrew Mathews

in Memory and Emotion

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195158564
eISBN:
9780199848126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195158564.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines how memory might be influenced by a variety of emotional states and conditions experienced by people with anxiety disorders. It ... More


OCD: Now and Forever

in Obsession: A History

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226137827
eISBN:
9780226137797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226137797.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) was a rare and strange disease before the 1970s. Most estimates now say that 2 to 3 percent of the population will have OCD during their lifetime; that is two or ... More


Decision-making mechanisms

Edmund T. Rolls

in Emotion and Decision-making Explained

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199659890
eISBN:
9780191772078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659890.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

The brain mechanisms involved in reward-related and other decision–making in the brain are described. The attractor network mechanism described has randomness or noise that makes the decision-making ... More


Diverse Diagnoses And Special Populations

Harriet P. Lefley

in Family Psychoeducation for Serious Mental Illness

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195340495
eISBN:
9780199863792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340495.003.0007
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health, Children and Families

This chapter presents FPE models and research findings for various conditions, beginning with mental illness and substance abuse. Mueser and Fox's Family Intervention for Dual Disorders (FIDD) ... More


Stimulating Brains, Altering Minds

Walter Glannon

in Brain, Body, and Mind: Neuroethics with a Human Face

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199734092
eISBN:
9780199894475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199734092.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter considers the use of deep-brain stimulation as a treatment for neurological and psychiatric disorders. It addresses the question of whether a person with a disease of the mind can ... More


Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder and Moral Agency

Timothy Schroeder

in Oxford Studies in Agency and Responsibility: Volume 3

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780198744832
eISBN:
9780191805974
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198744832.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Neo-Humeans hold that to act for a reason, to act in a way for which one might be morally responsible, praiseworthy, or blameworthy, is to act on a desire. One familiar objection is that this commits ... More


Borderline, schizotypal, avoidant, obsessive–compulsive, and other personality disorders

Andrew E. Skodol

in A Life Course Approach to Mental Disorders

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199657018
eISBN:
9780191748097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657018.003.0016
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Personality disorders (PDs) have traditionally been conceptualized as enduring and stable, despite many early follow-up studies that showed that 〈50% of patients with PDs retained these diagnoses ... More


Noise in the cortex, stability, psychiatric disease, and aging

Edmund T. Rolls

in Cerebral Cortex: Principles of Operation

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780198784852
eISBN:
9780191836299
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198784852.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

Hypotheses are described about how increased or decreased stability of different cortical networks may contribute to psychiatric disorders and to the memory changes in normal aging. In schizophrenia, ... More


Obsession in Our Time

in Obsession: A History

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226137827
eISBN:
9780226137797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226137797.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This introductory chapter begins with a discussion of the concept of obsession. It then sets out the book's purpose, which is to show us how it is that obsession now defines our culture. There was a ... More


Obsession: A History

Lennard J. Davis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226137827
eISBN:
9780226137797
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226137797.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

We live in an age of obsession. Not only are we hopelessly devoted to our work, strangely addicted to our favorite television shows, and desperately impassioned about our cars, we admire obsession in ... More


Self-Determination Theory in the Clinic: Motivating Physical and Mental Health

Kennon Sheldon, Geoffrey Williams, and Thomas Joiner

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300095449
eISBN:
9780300128666
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300095449.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Self-determination theory is grounded in the belief that people work best and are happiest when they feel that they are in control of their own lives. This book explains the ramifications of the ... More


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