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Pascal's Wager: Pragmatic Arguments and Belief in God

Jeff Jordan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199291328
eISBN:
9780191710698
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291328.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

What if there is no strong evidence that God exists? Is belief in God when faced with a lack of evidence illegitimate and improper? Evidentialism answers yes. According to Evidentialism, it is ... More


Taking Stock: The State of the Art of the State

Christopher Hood

in The Art of the State: Culture, Rhetoric, and Public Management

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297659
eISBN:
9780191599484
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297653.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Returns to the general question of what sort of science public management is or can be and how cultural theory can contribute to that science. Concludes by taking stock of the cultural‐theory ... More


 Obstacles to Responsibility

Kristin Shrader‐Frechette

in Taking Action, Saving Lives: Our Duties to Protect Environmental and Public Health

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195325461
eISBN:
9780199869275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325461.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter surveys some of the main objections that might be brought against the responsibility argument. Chapters 1, 3, and 4 considered eight of these objections. This chapter evaluates eight ... More


Conclusion: Constructing Content

Carolyn Price

in Functions in Mind: A Theory of Intentional Content

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199242009
eISBN:
9780191696992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242009.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

This concluding chapter sums up the key findings of this study about intentional content. The findings suggests that there are not intentional norms in nature because there are no biological norms in ... More


Miracles: Their Possibility and Knowability

C. Stephen Evans

in The Historical Christ and the Jesus of Faith: The Incarnational Narrative as History

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198263975
eISBN:
9780191600579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019826397X.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Theology

As explained in the previous chapter, there are substantial arguments that knowledge of the events of the incarnational narrative is not even possible. Several of these centre around the notion of ... More


An Embarrassment of Riches?

Jeff Jordan

in Pascal's Wager: Pragmatic Arguments and Belief in God

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199291328
eISBN:
9780191710698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291328.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

The Jamesian Wager has as a premise: the proposition that theistic belief is more rewarding than non-belief in this life, whether or not God exists. This proposition provides the Pascalian a way of ... More


Showstoppers?

Jeff Jordan

in Pascal's Wager: Pragmatic Arguments and Belief in God

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199291328
eISBN:
9780191710698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291328.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter scrutinizes nine objections leveled against Pascal's Wager. Two of these objections are charges that Pascalian reasoning is immoral. Three might be called ‘methodological objections’, as ... More


Confiscating Cadaveric Organs

Cécile Fabre

in Whose Body is it Anyway?: Justice and the Integrity of the Person

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199289998
eISBN:
9780191603556
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199289999.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that the duty of assistance outlined in Chapter 1 includes a duty to make one’s organs available upon death to those who need them. It reviews analogies and disanalogies between ... More


The Gene's‐Eye View and its Discontents

Samir Okasha

in Evolution and the Levels of Selection

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199267972
eISBN:
9780191708275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267972.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines the ‘genic’ view of evolution associated with Williams, Dawkins, Maynard Smith, and others. A distinction is drawn between the process of genic selection and a gene's eye ... More


From Moral Knowledge to Default Principles

Sean McKeever and Michael Ridge

in Principled Ethics: Generalism as a Regulative Ideal

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199290659
eISBN:
9780191603617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290652.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that the bare possibility of moral knowledge in particular cases is already enough to ensure the availability of a certain sort of ‘hedged’ moral principle called a ‘default ... More


Ruth Linn, Conscience at War: The Israeli Soldier as a Moral Critic. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1996. 245 pp.

Amnon Sella

in Studies in Contemporary Jewry an Annual XV 1999

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195134681
eISBN:
9780199848652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134681.003.0043
Subject:
History, History of Religion

A review of the book, Conscience at War: The Israeli Soldier as a Moral Critic by Ruth Linn is presented. The book is an original, daring and necessary study of a major sore on the Israeli body ... More


Families, Nations, and Strangers *

Samuel Scheffler

in Boundaries and Allegiances: Problems of Justice and Responsibility in Liberal Thought

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257676
eISBN:
9780191600197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257671.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Scheffler's main aim in this essay is to explore the nature of ‘associative duties’—the special duties that participants in close personal relationships and members of significant social groups are ... More


The Conflict Between Justice and Responsibility *

Samuel Scheffler

in Boundaries and Allegiances: Problems of Justice and Responsibility in Liberal Thought

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257676
eISBN:
9780191600197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257671.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Members of affluent societies are often resistant to claims of global justice, and their resistance is frequently expressed in normative terms, in the claim that one has special responsibilities ... More


Relationships and Responsibilities *

Samuel Scheffler

in Boundaries and Allegiances: Problems of Justice and Responsibility in Liberal Thought

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257676
eISBN:
9780191600197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257671.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

In opposition to the voluntarist view that special responsibilities must be based on consent or some other voluntary act, this essay sketches a non‐reductionist account of such responsibilities. The ... More


Incoherence and Chauvinism

Mark Schroeder

in Slaves of the Passions

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199299508
eISBN:
9780191714917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299508.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter continues the investigation of how it is that Ronnie's desire explains his reason. The Standard Model for normative explanations is introduced by way of an illustration. The Standard ... More


Preventive War and Human Rights 1

David Luban

in Preemption: Military Action and Moral Justification

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199233137
eISBN:
9780191716270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233137.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter responds to some objections to an earlier argument that proposed a theory of preventive war. This theory sought to assimilate preventive war to self-defence, but only under restricted ... More


Basic Geometrical Knowledge

Marcus Giaquinto

in Visual Thinking in Mathematics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199285945
eISBN:
9780191713811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285945.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter shows how we might come by a simple geometrical belief without inferring it from other beliefs, in a way that is consonant with the apparent obviousness and cogency of the acquired ... More


General Theorems From Specific Images

Marcus Giaquinto

in Visual Thinking in Mathematics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199285945
eISBN:
9780191713811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285945.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter shows that some general arithmetical theorems almost certainly can be discovered by visualizing. First, it describes two examples of what look like acceptable routes to general theorems ... More


Objections to Structured Propositions Generally

Jeffrey C. King

in The Nature and Structure of Content

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199226061
eISBN:
9780191710377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226061.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter addresses objections to structured propositions generally. For the most part, the objections considered do not depend on difficulties in the account of structured propositions that has ... More


Objections to Propositions Generally

Jeffrey C. King

in The Nature and Structure of Content

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199226061
eISBN:
9780191710377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226061.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The previous chapter looked at arguments against structured propositions. This chapter considers arguments against propositions generally. As was the case in Chapter 4, focus is given to objections ... More


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