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Fat Economics: Nutrition, Health, and Economic Policy

Mario Mazzocchi, W. Bruce Traill, and Jason F. Shogren

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199213856
eISBN:
9780191695902
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213856.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The obesity epidemic and the growing debate about what, if any, public health policy should be adopted is the subject of endless debates within the media and in governments around the world. Whilst ... More


Nutrition and Darwin’s Entangled Bank

Stephen J. Simpson and David Raubenheimer

in The Nature of Nutrition: A Unifying Framework from Animal Adaptation to Human Obesity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145655
eISBN:
9781400842803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145655.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This introductory chapter expands on three important themes that form the backdrop of this book's study: nutrition touches and links all living things; nutrition is complex; and there have been ... More


Oral Care in Advanced Disease

Andrew Davies and Ilora Finlay (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192632432
eISBN:
9780191730375
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632432.001.0001
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

Lesions of the oral cavity have an enormous impact on the quality of life of patients with advanced disease. They cause considerable morbidity and diminish a patient's physical and psychological well ... More


The Nature of Nutrition: A Unifying Framework from Animal Adaptation to Human Obesity

Stephen J. Simpson and David Raubenheimer

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145655
eISBN:
9781400842803
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145655.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Nutrition has long been considered more the domain of medicine and agriculture than of the biological sciences, yet it touches and shapes all aspects of the natural world. The need for nutrients ... More


The Powers of Aristotle's Soul

Thomas Kjeller Johansen

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199658435
eISBN:
9780191742231
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658435.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Aristotle may be considered the founder of ‘faculty psychology’, the attempt to explain a variety of psychological phenomena by reference to a few inborn capacities. This study investigates his main ... More


The Geometry of Nutrition

Stephen J. Simpson and David Raubenheimer

in The Nature of Nutrition: A Unifying Framework from Animal Adaptation to Human Obesity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145655
eISBN:
9781400842803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145655.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter discusses the Geometric Framework (GF) for nutrition. GF satisfies the multiple-food-components requirement using a simple device known as a nutrient space. A nutrient space is a ... More


Addressing Undernutrition in India: Do ‘Rational’ Approaches Work?

Devi Sridhar

in Paradoxes of Modernization: Unintended Consequences of Public Policy Reform

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199573547
eISBN:
9780191722677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573547.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Organization Studies

The estimated number of undernourished people around the world has increased to nearly 923 million and is projected to rise with increasing food prices. A large majority of those affected live in ... More


Mechanisms of Nutritional Regulation

Stephen J. Simpson and David Raubenheimer

in The Nature of Nutrition: A Unifying Framework from Animal Adaptation to Human Obesity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145655
eISBN:
9781400842803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145655.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter focuses on how animals are able to regulate their intake and use of multiple nutrients. To regulate the balance of nutrients eaten, an animal needs to assess the composition of available ... More


Less Food, Less Sex, Live Longer?

Stephen J. Simpson and David Raubenheimer

in The Nature of Nutrition: A Unifying Framework from Animal Adaptation to Human Obesity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145655
eISBN:
9781400842803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145655.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter examines the relationships between nutrition, life span, and sex. It considers the view that dietary restriction without severe malnutrition prolongs life. It is generally believed that ... More


How Does Nutrition Structure Ecosystems?

Stephen J. Simpson and David Raubenheimer

in The Nature of Nutrition: A Unifying Framework from Animal Adaptation to Human Obesity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145655
eISBN:
9781400842803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145655.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter assesses the consequences of individual nutrition for populations and the assemblages of species that comprise ecological communities. However, the ecological consequences of nutrition ... More


The Geometry of Human Nutrition

Stephen J. Simpson and David Raubenheimer

in The Nature of Nutrition: A Unifying Framework from Animal Adaptation to Human Obesity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145655
eISBN:
9781400842803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145655.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter explores the methods of nutritional geometry on the modern human diet, applying the geometric approach to an analysis of a key aspect of human nutrition: the topical subject of human ... More


Adaptations: Obtaining and Processing Food

J. Eduardo P. W. Bicudo, William A. Buttemer, Mark A. Chappell, James T. Pearson, and Claus Bech

in Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Birds

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199228447
eISBN:
9780191711305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228447.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

This chapter reviews the diversity of feeding habits among birds and the consequences for their nutritional ecology. Different digestion strategies are also emphasized. Food selection is often ... More


Agriculture: a mixed blessing

Denis J. Murphy

in People, Plants and Genes: The Story of Crops and Humanity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199207145
eISBN:
9780191708893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207145.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Although agriculture acted as a spur to many aspects of social and technological development, increasing reliance on a narrow range of food crops had many downsides that sometimes caused people to ... More


The ecology of female reproduction in wild orangutans

Cheryl D. Knott, Melissa Emery Thompson, and Serge A. Wich

in Orangutans: Geographic Variation in Behavioral Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199213276
eISBN:
9780191707568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213276.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Orangutans have the longest interbirth interval of any mammal, with existing data suggesting that these intervals may be significantly longer in Sumatra than in Borneo. This finding presents a ... More


The Soul as an Inner Principle of Change: The Basis of Aristotle's Psychological Naturalism *

Thomas Johansen

in Maieusis: Essays in Ancient Philosophy in Honour of Myles Burnyeat

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199289974
eISBN:
9780191711008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289974.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter examines Aristotle's claim that the soul is an inner principle of change, against the background of his account in the Physics of nature as an inner principle of change. That for ... More


The demography of malaria

Robert Sallares

in Malaria and Rome: A History of Malaria in Ancient Italy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199248506
eISBN:
9780191714634
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248506.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

The first section of this chapter focuses on direct and indirect approaches to the demography of malaria. The problems associated with using cause of death statistics to assess mortality due to ... More


Symbiotic Interactions

Charles R. C. Sheppard, Simon K. Davy, and Graham M. Pilling

in The Biology of Coral Reefs

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198566359
eISBN:
9780191713934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566359.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Aquatic Biology

Symbiosis, where different species live together for prolonged periods, is ubiquitous and extremely important in coral reefs. The most important symbiosis is between corals and the microalgae ... More


Public Health: An action guide to improving health

John Walley and John Wright (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199238934
eISBN:
9780191716621
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238934.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Many of the health problems in the developing world can be tackled or prevented through public health measures such as essential health care, improved living conditions, water, sanitation, nutrition, ... More


Nutritional epidemiology

Walter C. Willett

in Teaching Epidemiology: A guide for teachers in epidemiology, public health and clinical medicine

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199239481
eISBN:
9780191716973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239481.003.011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Nutritional epidemiology is a relatively new branch of epidemiology which focuses on understanding the relation between diet, and long-term health and disease. Our understanding of biologic ... More


Food, Economics, and Health

Alok Bhargava

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199269143
eISBN:
9780191710117
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269143.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This book provides a firm grounding in the concepts and issues across several disciplines including economics, nutrition, psychology and public health in the hope of improving the design of food ... More


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