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Names and the lexicon

John M. Anderson

in The Grammar of Names

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297412
eISBN:
9780191711176
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297412.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

Names include personal, place, family, generic, and numeral-based classes, among others. Among classes of names, simple personal names tend to be structurally simpler; other names more typically ... More


The Rise of Articles

Bernd Heine and Tania Kuteva

in The Changing Languages of Europe

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297337
eISBN:
9780191711220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297337.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter is devoted to one particular functional domain: that of definite and indefinite reference. Specifically, it concerns the system of articles found in European languages. Obligatory ... More


Structural focus and exhaustivity *

Katalin É. Kiss

in Information Structure: Theoretical, Typological, and Experimental Perspectives

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199570959
eISBN:
9780191721786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570959.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

In chapter 4 ‘Structural focus and exhaustivity’, Katalin É. Kiss claims that the structural focus of the Hungarian sentence, occupying Spec,FocP, and structural focus (e.g. the English cleft), in ... More


Debonding

Muriel Norde

in Degrammaticalization

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199207923
eISBN:
9780191709135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207923.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter deals with the third and final type of degrammaticalization. Debonding is defined as ‘a change whereby a bound morpheme in a specific linguistic context becomes a free morpheme’. Like ... More


Proper Names, Indexicals, and Simple Demonstratives

Ernest Lepore and Kirk Ludwig

in Donald Davidson's Truth-Theoretic Semantics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199290932
eISBN:
9780191710445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290932.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter takes up a variety of referring devices and issues that arise in discussing their semantics: ordinary proper names (such as ‘Socrates’ and ‘Plato’), the numerals, function terms, date ... More


Lecture II, 14

David Langslow

in Jacob Wackernagel, Lectures on Syntax: With Special Reference to Greek, Latin, and Germanic

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198153023
eISBN:
9780191715211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198153023.003.0065
Subject:
Classical Studies, Prose and Writers: Classical, Early, and Medieval

After the usual introduction to the terminology and early theory of the article among the parts of speech, this chapter gives a survey of the distribution of the definite article through ... More


Lecture II, 15

David Langslow

in Jacob Wackernagel, Lectures on Syntax: With Special Reference to Greek, Latin, and Germanic

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198153023
eISBN:
9780191715211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198153023.003.0066
Subject:
Classical Studies, Prose and Writers: Classical, Early, and Medieval

After the usual introduction to the terminology and early theory of the article among the parts of speech,this chapter gives a survey of the distribution of the definite article through ... More


Lecture II, 16

David Langslow

in Jacob Wackernagel, Lectures on Syntax: With Special Reference to Greek, Latin, and Germanic

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198153023
eISBN:
9780191715211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198153023.003.0067
Subject:
Classical Studies, Prose and Writers: Classical, Early, and Medieval

After the usual introduction to the terminology and early theory of the article among the parts of speech, this chapter gives a survey of the distribution of the definite article through ... More


Russian Case Morphology and the Syntactic Categories

David Pesetsky

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019729
eISBN:
9780262314503
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019729.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

In this book, David Pesetsky argues that the peculiarities of Russian nominal phrases provide significant clues concerning the syntactic side of morphological case. Pesetsky argues against the ... More


Enlightening Symbols: A Short History of Mathematical Notation and Its Hidden Powers

Joseph Mazur

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691173375
eISBN:
9781400850112
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691173375.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

While all of us regularly use basic mathematical symbols such as those for plus, minus, and equals, few of us know that many of these symbols weren't available before the sixteenth century. What did ... More


Introduction to the Puzzles

David Pesetsky

in Russian Case Morphology and the Syntactic Categories

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019729
eISBN:
9780262314503
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019729.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter presents the morpho-syntactic puzzles of Russian noun phrases with paucal (’two’, ’three’, ’four’ and a few others) and non-paucal numerals. Case mismatches and number mismatches are ... More


A Purely Modal Strategy

John P. Burgess and Gideon Rosen

in A Subject With No Object: Strategies for Nominalistic Interpretation of Mathematics

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250128
eISBN:
9780191597138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250126.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Begins with an extended discussion of the analogy between mood and tense, bringing out how in ordinary language one often engages in cross‐comparison between, so to speak, how something that is is ... More


Quantifying Modifiers in the Noun Phrase

J. Rijkhoff

in The Noun Phrase

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198237822
eISBN:
9780191706776
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198237822.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter deals with constituents of the noun phrase (NP) that specify quantitative properties of the referent: number markers and numerals. The discussion is more on plural markers and not so ... More


Accent

Laurence Labrune

in The Phonology of Japanese

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199545834
eISBN:
9780191738562
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199545834.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Language Families

Tôkyô Japanese has been described as a pitch accent system which contains tonic and atonic words,and has been extensively described and analysed both in and outside Japan. After presenting the basic ... More


Certain Ancient Number Systems

Joseph Mazur

in Enlightening Symbols: A Short History of Mathematical Notation and Its Hidden Powers

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691173375
eISBN:
9781400850112
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691173375.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter discusses ancient number systems, beginning with the Babylonian system. Almost every history of early Western mathematics begins with the Babylonian conception of number, a so-called ... More


Epistemic Indefinites: Exploring Modality Beyond the Verbal Domain

Luis Alonso-Ovalle and Paula Menéndez-Benito (eds)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199665297
eISBN:
9780191779732
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665297.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Theoretical Linguistics

Within formal semantics, research on the expression of modality in natural language has traditionally focused on verbs. This book brings together novel work on the semantics and pragmatics of some ... More


The impact of symbolic representations on chimpanzee cognition

Sarah T. Boysen

in Rational Animals?

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198528272
eISBN:
9780191689529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528272.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines the role of symbol training in facilitating the cognitive performance of enculturated chimpanzees. It argues that ... More


On the origin of special numerals for ‘one’ in southeastern China: [kɛi213] in the northwestern Min dialect of Shaowu

Sing Sing Ngai

in Diversity in Sinitic Languages

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198723790
eISBN:
9780191791130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723790.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families, Syntax and Morphology

The morpheme [kɛi213] 个‎ in the Shaowu dialect functions as a general classifier and also in other grammaticalized roles, such as an attributive marker, akin to its counterparts in other Sinitic ... More


Decomposing the mass/count distinction: Evidence from languages that lack it *

Martina Wiltschko

in Count and Mass Across Languages

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199654277
eISBN:
9780191746048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654277.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter establishes that not all languages have a grammaticized mass/count distinction and consequently we have to distinguish between ontological properties associated with nouns and ... More


Israeli Hebrew: National Identity and Language

Shmuel Bolozky

in Contemporary Israel: New Insights and Scholarship

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781479896806
eISBN:
9781479870141
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479896806.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Claims that modern Hebrew is not a natural continuation of the classical language overlook the fact that all languages include multiple registers and change over time. Modern Hebrew continues the ... More


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