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‘War No Longer Has Any Logic Whatever’: Dwight D. Eisenhower and the Thermonuclear Revolution

Andrew P. N. Eardmann

in Cold War Statesmen Confront the Bomb: Nuclear Diplomacy Since 1945

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780198294689
eISBN:
9780191601538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294689.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

For Eisenhower, it was nuclear weapons’ destructive potential, not the image of a protracted conventional war, that destroyed the ’logic’ of war. He believed that thermonuclear weapons made any ... More


Bear any burden? John F. Kennedy and Nuclear Weapons

Philip Nash

in Cold War Statesmen Confront the Bomb: Nuclear Diplomacy Since 1945

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780198294689
eISBN:
9780191601538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294689.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Kennedy's reliance on non‐nuclear assets and flexible response overshadowed his reliance on nuclear weapons, just as his nuclear restraint eclipsed recklessness. This is not surprising in view of the ... More


Konrad Adenauer: Defence Diplomat on the Backstage

Annette Messemer

in Cold War Statesmen Confront the Bomb: Nuclear Diplomacy Since 1945

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780198294689
eISBN:
9780191601538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294689.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

For Konrad Adenauer, post‐war international system centred around two revolutionary developments: the decline of Europe and the rise of the US and the Soviet Union to superpower status. For the ... More


John Foster Dulles' Nuclear Schizophrenia

Neal Rosendorf

in Cold War Statesmen Confront the Bomb: Nuclear Diplomacy Since 1945

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780198294689
eISBN:
9780191601538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294689.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

John Foster Dulles’ thinking over the issue of nuclear weapons was inconsistent. He registered strong disapproval on moral grounds of the atomic bombing of Japan and warned of the dangerous precedent ... More


Between ‘Paper’ and ‘Real Tigers’: Mao's View of Nuclear Weapons

Guang Zhang Shu

in Cold War Statesmen Confront the Bomb: Nuclear Diplomacy Since 1945

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780198294689
eISBN:
9780191601538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294689.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Mao Zedong originally saw a new China's struggle for security in terms of conventional warfare and in 1946 satirized the atomic bomb as a ’paper tiger’. Mao found it difficult to understand why the ... More


Charles De Gaulle and the Nuclear Revolution

Philip H. Gordon

in Cold War Statesmen Confront the Bomb: Nuclear Diplomacy Since 1945

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780198294689
eISBN:
9780191601538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294689.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Charles de Gaulle recognized from the beginning that nuclear bomb would have immense consequences although he continued to believe in the continuation of past patterns of great‐power conflict, war, ... More


Longing for International Control, Banking on American Superiority: Harry S. Truman's Approach to Nuclear Weapons

S. David Broscious

in Cold War Statesmen Confront the Bomb: Nuclear Diplomacy Since 1945

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780198294689
eISBN:
9780191601538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294689.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Although Harry Truman embraced the idea of a ’nuclear revolution’, he also remained convinced that, despite this revolution, other environmental factors still held force – namely, international ... More


The Nuclear Education of Nikita Khrushchev

Vladislav M. Zubok and Hope M. Harrison

in Cold War Statesmen Confront the Bomb: Nuclear Diplomacy Since 1945

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780198294689
eISBN:
9780191601538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294689.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Khrushchev was the first Soviet leader to realize that nuclear bipolarity dictated permanent ’peaceful coexistence’ between two antagonistic social systems. Although he never abandoned the idea of ... More


Cold War Statesmen Confront the Bomb: Nuclear Diplomacy Since 1945

John Gaddis, Philip Gordon, Ernest May, and Jonathan Rosenberg (eds)

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780198294689
eISBN:
9780191601538
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294689.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This book aims to promote debate about John Mueller's thesis that questions whether nuclear weapons had revolutionary effects in international relations. By bringing together evidence of how ten Cold ... More


Energy Conversions:: Growth and Innovation

Vaclav Smil

in Transforming the Twentieth Century: Volume 2: Technical Innovations and Their Consequences

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195168754
eISBN:
9780199783601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168755.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Our civilization is based on massive consumption of fossil fuels. This chapter begins by examining technical advances of energy industries, before turning to energy transitions and the process of ... More


India

Vipin Narang

in Nuclear Strategy in the Modern Era: Regional Powers and International Conflict

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159829
eISBN:
9781400850402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159829.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter explores India's nuclear posture. Like China's, India's nuclear posture is classified as one of assured retaliation. There have been various dramatic moments in India's nuclear weapons ... More


Israel

Vipin Narang

in Nuclear Strategy in the Modern Era: Regional Powers and International Conflict

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159829
eISBN:
9781400850402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159829.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter considers how one might treat Israel's nuclear posture, given that it is a posture comprising capabilities that have never been confirmed. Israel is the world's oldest closet nuclear ... More


Introduction

Vipin Narang

in Nuclear Strategy in the Modern Era: Regional Powers and International Conflict

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159829
eISBN:
9781400850402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159829.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter lays out the volume's main arguments in brief. Contrary to the usual focus on superpowers and Cold War nuclear competition, the chapter proposes a different dynamic. It asks what ... More


The British Army of the Rhine's Doctrine for Nuclear War

David French

in Army, Empire, and Cold War: The British Army and Military Policy, 1945-1971

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199548231
eISBN:
9780191739224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548231.003.0010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Military History

This chapter analyses the evolution of the army's doctrine for nuclear war fighting, from the moment when it first began to consider the possible impact of nuclear weapons on an army in the field in ... More


Be Very Afraid: The Cultural Response to Terror, Pandemics, Environmental Devastation, Nuclear Annihilation, and Other Threats

Robert Wuthnow

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199730872
eISBN:
9780199777389
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730872.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Be Very Afraid examines the human response to existential threats; once a matter for theology, but now looming before us in multiple forms. Nuclear weapons, pandemics, global warming; ... More


The Independent Deterrent and Anglo-American Co-operation, 1957–1958

Martins S. Navias

in Nuclear Weapons and British Strategic Planning, 1955–1958

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198277545
eISBN:
9780191684180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198277545.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The announcement of the 1957 White Paper took place against a background of attempts to shift the course of the Anglo-American relationship away from the dangerous path it was taking during and ... More


Britain, Germany, and the Origins of Flexible Response

CHRISTOPH BLUTH

in Britain, Germany, and Western Nuclear Strategy

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198280040
eISBN:
9780191684340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198280040.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter focuses on the developments in American strategic thinking and European responses to the US strategy of ‘flexible response’. The chapter provides a detailed analysis of West German ... More


Stalin and the Nuclear Age

Vladislav M. Zubok

in Cold War Statesmen Confront the Bomb: Nuclear Diplomacy Since 1945

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780198294689
eISBN:
9780191601538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294689.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Stalin understood the military and political significance of atomic weapons and directed all available Soviet resources to obtaining this weapon. However, he remained largely a statesman operating on ... More


Before the Bomb and After: Winston Churchill and the Use of Force

Jonathan Rosenberg

in Cold War Statesmen Confront the Bomb: Nuclear Diplomacy Since 1945

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780198294689
eISBN:
9780191601538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294689.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Between 1945 and 1955, Churchill's attitude towards the use of force had undergone a dramatic transformation. In the period of the American nuclear monopoly, Churchill's views were largely consistent ... More


Introduction

Jack I. Garvey

in Nuclear Weapons Counterproliferation: A New Grand Bargain

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199841271
eISBN:
9780199332649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841271.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This introductory chapter analyzes how the legal framework intended to ensure nonproliferation—the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), adopted in 1970—is failing to contain the evolution and ... More


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