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Words without Objects: Semantics, Ontology, and Logic for Non-Singularity

Henry Laycock

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199281718
eISBN:
9780191603594
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281718.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The book seeks to resolve the so-called ‘problem of mass nouns’ — a problem which cannot be resolved on the basis of a conventional system of logic. It is not, for instance, possible to explicate ... More


Word Order in Greek Tragic Dialogue

Helma Dik

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199279296
eISBN:
9780191706905
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279296.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This book approaches word order in Greek tragic dialogue from the perspective of language rather than metre. The tragic poets engaged in mimesis of natural dialogue; therefore the analysis of the ... More


Nominal Structure

Ronald W. Langacker

in Cognitive Grammar: A Basic Introduction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331967
eISBN:
9780199868209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331967.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Personal pronouns and proper names are inherently grounded. The structure of other nominals tends to reflect semantic function, with the head noun as core, grounding as the outermost layer, and ... More


Major Subclasses

Ronald W. Langacker

in Cognitive Grammar: A Basic Introduction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331967
eISBN:
9780199868209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331967.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Despite being polar opposites conceptually, the two most fundamental grammatical classes—noun and verb—show extensive parallelism. One similarity is that both divide into two major subclasses: count ... More


The Animate S‐stem Nouns

Torsten Meissner

in S-Stem Nouns and Adjectives in Greek and Proto-Indo-European: A Diachronic Study in Word Formation

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199280087
eISBN:
9780191707100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280087.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

Greek possesses a very small number of non-neuter s-stem nouns. Among these words, feminine nouns are rarer than masculine ones. Yet, the type, though weak, seems to be inherited from the parent ... More


Grammatical Classes

Ronald W. Langacker

in Cognitive Grammar: A Basic Introduction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331967
eISBN:
9780199868209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331967.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

The standard doctrine that basic grammatical classes (parts of speech) are not semantically definable rests on erroneous assumptions about the nature of linguistic meaning. With a proper view of ... More


Notional Grammar and Names

John M. Anderson

in The Grammar of Names

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297412
eISBN:
9780191711176
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297412.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

Traditionally, names and nouns are distinguished as sub-classes of noun, ‘proper’ vs. ‘common’, but names are recognized as very distinctive in their semantics, necessarily involving fixed particular ... More


Sexing the World: Grammatical Gender and Biological Sex in Ancient Rome

Anthony Corbeill

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691163222
eISBN:
9781400852468
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163222.001.0001
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

From the moment a child in ancient Rome began to speak Latin, the surrounding world became populated with objects possessing grammatical gender—masculine eyes (oculi), feminine trees (arbores), ... More


Defective Paradigms of Reflexive Nouns and Participles in Latvian

Andra Kalnača and Ilze Lokmane

in Defective Paradigms: Missing Forms and What They Tell Us

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264607
eISBN:
9780191734366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264607.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter discusses the defective paradigms of the reflexive nouns and participles in the Latvian language. In Latvian, the reflexiveness of the nouns and the verbs functions as a complex ... More


Spanish Pseudoplurals: Phonological Cues in the Acquisition of a Syntax-Morphology Mismatch*

Ricardo Bermúdez-otero

in Deponency and Morphological Mismatches

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264102
eISBN:
9780191734380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264102.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter discusses Spanish pseudoplurals. It begins by presenting evidence for distinguishing between pseudoplural nouns and non-pseudoplural nouns with athematic stems in /s/. Some ... More


Adpositions

Claude Hagège

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199575008
eISBN:
9780191722578
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575008.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This pioneering study is based on an analysis of over 200 languages, including African, Amerindian, Australian, Austronesian, Indo-European and Eurasian (Altaic, Caucasian, Chukotko-Kamchatkan, ... More


The role of analogy for compound words

Andrea Krott

in Analogy in Grammar: Form and Acquisition

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199547548
eISBN:
9780191720628
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547548.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Computational Linguistics

This chapter summarizes research on the production, interpretation, and acquisition of noun-noun compounds. Analogical generalizations can systematically govern a whole category of words across ... More


A crosslinguistic survey of the morphological diversity of adpositions and adpositional phrases

Claude Hagège

in Adpositions

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199575008
eISBN:
9780191722578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575008.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Now that a comprehensive characterization of adpositions (Adps) has been given in Chapter 2, this chapter studies them from the morphological point of view, showing the diversity they exhibit in this ... More


Locales

Hagit Borer

in Lexical Semantics, Syntax, and Event Structure

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199544325
eISBN:
9780191720536
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544325.003.0015
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter relates two questions concerning bare noun arguments: (i) the contrast between the acceptability in Hebrew of sentence initial V‐S with bare noun subjects where V is unaccusative, and ... More


Ethnics as Personal Names

P. M. Fraser

in Greek Ethnic Terminology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264287
eISBN:
9780191753978
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264287.003.0012
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter does not provide a list of ethnics used as personal names. Rather, in the same manner as in earlier chapters, it presents indications of the probable range of factors, material and ... More


Looking Both Ways: The JANUS Model of Noun Phrase Anaphor Processing

Alan Garnham and H. Wind Cowles

in Reference: Interdisciplinary Perspectives

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331639
eISBN:
9780199867981
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331639.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter presents a new model of coreferential noun phrase anaphora processing, JANUS, within the mental models framework. It summarizes previous research on NP anaphora that is most pertinent to ... More


Nominal Subcategories: Seinsarten

J. Rijkhoff

in The Noun Phrase

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198237822
eISBN:
9780191706776
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198237822.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter investigates certain morpho-syntactic and semantic properties of both flexible and distinct nouns that are employed in languages across the world to refer to a singular discrete spatial ... More


Nouns: Real and Apparent Nominal Subclasses

J. Rijkhoff

in The Noun Phrase

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198237822
eISBN:
9780191706776
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198237822.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter looks at noun class and gender systems that are somehow relevant for the proper expression (morphology, syntax, phonology) of noun phrases (NPs) and sentences. The reflection of real and ... More


Lecture I, 49

David Langslow

in Jacob Wackernagel, Lectures on Syntax: With Special Reference to Greek, Latin, and Germanic

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198153023
eISBN:
9780191715211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198153023.003.0049
Subject:
Classical Studies, Prose and Writers: Classical, Early, and Medieval

In Lecture 49, the chapter begins the discussion of the cases by drawing attention to indeclinable nouns and defective nouns (nouns lacking one or more case-forms), and by considering the relation ... More


Lecture I, 50

David Langslow

in Jacob Wackernagel, Lectures on Syntax: With Special Reference to Greek, Latin, and Germanic

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198153023
eISBN:
9780191715211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198153023.003.0050
Subject:
Classical Studies, Prose and Writers: Classical, Early, and Medieval

In Lecture 49, the chapter begins the discussion of the cases by drawing attention to indeclinable nouns and defective nouns (nouns lacking one or more case-forms),and by considering the relation ... More


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