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Kant: 22 April 1724–12 February 1804

Martin Wight

in Four Seminal Thinkers in International Theory: Machiavelli, Grotius, Kant, and Mazzini

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199273676
eISBN:
9780191602771
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199273677.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Kant was the greatest of modern philosophers. He held that we have knowledge of the phenomenal world alone; of the realm of the noumenal we have only moral experience. But he had moral passion in his ... More


The World as Will

Bryan Magee

in The Philosophy of Schopenhauer

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237228
eISBN:
9780191706233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237227.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This material object, my body, is no different in the constitution of its matter from the rest of the physical universe. And my knowledge of it uniquely from inside has led us to the conclusion that ... More


: The Antinomy of Pure Reason Section Nine (A515–67/B543–95)

Henry E. Allison

in Essays on Kant

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199647033
eISBN:
9780191741166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199647033.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The aim of this essay is to analyze the ninth section of Kant's chapter on the antinomies in the first Critique (Critique of Pure Reason). Inasmuch as Kant discusses the resolution of all four ... More


Is Kant’s Theory Consistent?

Patricia Kitcher

in Kant’s Thinker

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199754823
eISBN:
9780199855889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199754823.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter defends Kant’s theory of cognition and apperception against a venerable and potentially devastating criticism: His theory is inconsistent, because the subject and objects of cognition ... More


The Philosophy of Schopenhauer

Bryan Magee

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237228
eISBN:
9780191706233
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237227.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

There are unusual reasons why Schopenhauer's philosophy is important. Retaining from Kant the distinction between the noumenal and the phenomenal, he embraces the relevance of Eastern philosophy to ... More


Kantian Analysis: From Duty to Autonomy

Thomas E. Hill

in Human Welfare and Moral Worth: Kantian Perspectives

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252633
eISBN:
9780191597695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252637.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Distinguishes basic and more extreme ideas underlying three related Kantian themes: that fundamental questions of moral philosophy require an a priori method, that moral duties are conceived as ... More


Kant's Paralogisms: Self‐Consciousness and the ‘Outside Observer’ 1

P. F. Strawson

in Entity and Identity: And other essays

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250159
eISBN:
9780191598470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250150.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Kant distinguishes between himself as object of outer sense (man), himself as object of inner sense alone (empirical consciousness), and himself as he is in himself (the transcendental subject that ... More


More Arguments for Transcendental Idealism

Bryan Magee

in The Philosophy of Schopenhauer

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237228
eISBN:
9780191706233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237227.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

At the core of what Schopenhauer took from Kant is transcendental idealism. An understanding of this calls not only for intelligence but for what might be called ‘intellectual imagination’. The ... More


Metaphysics of the Person

Bryan Magee

in The Philosophy of Schopenhauer

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237228
eISBN:
9780191706233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237227.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Schopenhauer believes that differentiation is possible only where there is time or space, and therefore only in the phenomenal world: the noumenon must be one and undifferentiable. This inner ... More


Mignon’s Songs: Making Music out of Fiction

Terence Cave

in Mignon's Afterlives: Crossing Cultures from Goethe to the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199604807
eISBN:
9780191731624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604807.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, European Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

This chapter begins with a distinction between ‘fictional songs’ and ‘real songs’, then proceeds to a discussion of the settings of Mignon’s songs, first by Goethe’s composers (Reichardt, Zelter), ... More


Marcel’s Reflective Method

Dwayne A. Tunstall

in Doing Philosophy Personally: Thinking about Metaphysics, Theism, and Antiblack Racism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780823251605
eISBN:
9780823252725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823251605.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

This chapter sets the stage for understanding Marcel’s reflective method as a teleological suspension of philosophy. It explores how Marcel’s distinction between viewing ourselves as objects and ... More


Kantian Realisms: The Noumenal, Causation and Grounding

Alison Assiter

in Continental Realism and Its Discontents

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781474421140
eISBN:
9781474438674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474421140.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter outlines a strong version of ‘realism’ against what Meillassoux labels ‘correlationism’. It suggests, however, that the critiques made by certain realists of the Kantian noumenal can be ... More


Selves and Self-Concepts

John Perry

in Time and Identity

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014090
eISBN:
9780262265799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014090.003.0162
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter explores the notion of some philosophers that the self is a mysterious thing. It has been associated with a number of concepts, such as the souls of Christian theology, the essential ... More


| 1810 | 1810 Dialogue on Mysticism Ritter's Death

Dan C. Christensen

in Hans Christian Ørsted: Reading Nature's Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199669264
eISBN:
9780191748745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669264.003.0025
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Ørsted presents his dialogue on mysticism to the Scandinavian Literary Society, which had been under way for five years and originally intended for his and Oehlenschläger's abortive ‘Prometheus’. ... More


Kant’s Pre-Critique Rejection of Rational Psychologists’ Views on Substance: Background on the First Analogy, the Amphiboly, and the First Paralogism

Julian Wuerth

in Kant on Mind, Action, and Ethics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199587629
eISBN:
9780191760907
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587629.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter examines Kant’s relation to rational psychology in the 1760s and 1770s, drawing connections between his assessment of various tenets of rational psychology and his pre- Critique ... More


The Solution

Christopher J. Insole

in Kant and the Creation of Freedom: A Theological Problem

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199677603
eISBN:
9780191757068
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677603.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

The previous chapter demonstrated that Kant begins to have a problem from the 1760s onwards in relating human freedom and divine creative action. This chapter sets out the solution that Kant moves ... More


Noumenal Power

Rainer Forst

in Normativity and Power: Analyzing Social Orders of Justification

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198798873
eISBN:
9780191839535
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198798873.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter suggests a new way to conceive of power. It argues that we only understand what power is and how it is exercised once we understand its essentially noumenal nature. The chapter places ... More


Friedrich Albert Lange, Poet and Materialist Manqué

Frederick C. Beiser

in The Genesis of Neo-Kantianism, 1796-1880

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198722205
eISBN:
9780191789052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198722205.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Chapter 9 examines the early philosophical development of Friedrich Albert Lange. It discusses in detail the genesis and content of his Geschichte des Materialismus, which was a decisive work in the ... More


Panpsychism versus Panprotopsychism and the Subject-Summing Problem

Philip Goff

in Consciousness and Fundamental Reality

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190677015
eISBN:
9780190677046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190677015.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This is the first of two chapters discussing the most notorious problem facing Russellian monism: the combination problem. This is actually a family of difficulties, each reflecting the challenge of ... More


Kant’s Moral Realism and Korsgaard’s Constructivism

Julian Wuerth

in Kant on Mind, Action, and Ethics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199587629
eISBN:
9780191760907
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587629.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter examines Korsgaard’s broader constructivist interpretation of Kant’s ethics and its defining intellectualism and moral anti-realism, arguing that Korsgaard’s interpretation, despite the ... More


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