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Introduction

Mary Coleman and Catalina Betancur

in The Neurology of Autism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182224
eISBN:
9780199786701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182224.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This introductory chapter begins with a brief discussion of the history of autism. It then discusses the timing of autism, the nosology of autism, chromosomal disorders associated with autism, and ... More


Computational Psychiatry: New Perspectives on Mental Illness

A. David Redish and Joshua A. Gordon (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262035422
eISBN:
9780262337854
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035422.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Psychiatry is at a crossroads. Faced with challenges of diagnosis and treatment, it must balance analyses at both neurological and psychological levels. Issues of comorbidity, treatment stability, ... More


The Perspectives of Psychiatry: The Public Health Approach

Paul R. Mchugh

in Public Mental Health

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195390445
eISBN:
9780199950416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390445.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Current efforts to improve the mental and behavioral well-being of the public confront an awkward but conspicuous problem. Although contemporary psychiatric epidemiologic research indicates that some ... More


From Psychiatry to Computation and Back Again

A. David Redish and Joshua A. Gordon

in Computational Psychiatry: New Perspectives on Mental Illness

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262035422
eISBN:
9780262337854
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035422.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

In the opening chapters of this volume, we outlined a series of challenges facing psychiatry, as well as a description of its various promises, and suggested that taking a computational perspective ... More


Names and Uses of a Diagnosis

Sabine Arnaud

in On Hysteria: The Invention of a Medical Category between 1670 and 1820

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226275543
eISBN:
9780226275680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226275680.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The first chapter addresses the dissemination of diagnoses later associated with hysteria. Rather than reading the new use of “hysteria” as a sign of changing perceptions, it measures the rupture ... More


Core Features in Ngoma Therapy

John M. Janzen

in Ngoma: Discourses of Healing in Central and Southern Africa

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520072657
eISBN:
9780520910850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520072657.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter describes the main characteristics in ngoma therapy. These features include sickness and therapeutic initiation as a phased rite of passage; identifying the causes of misfortune; ... More


Kinds or Tails?

Edouard Machery

in Extraordinary Science and Psychiatry: Responses to the Crisis in Mental Health Research

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035484
eISBN:
9780262341752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035484.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

Are psychiatric syndromes the tails of traits distributed over the general population or do they form distinct kinds or taxa? For instance, do individuals suffering from depression form a distinct ... More


Psychopathology without Nosology: The Research Domain Criteria Project as Normal Science

Claire Pouncey

in Extraordinary Science and Psychiatry: Responses to the Crisis in Mental Health Research

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035484
eISBN:
9780262341752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035484.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

Although the National Institute of Mental Health characterizes its Research Domain Criteria program as a “paradigm shift,” its change in emphasis from discrete mental disorders to psychophysiological ... More


Contested Boundaries: Psychiatry, Disease, and Diagnosis

Charles E. Rosenberg

in Applied Ethics in Mental Health Care: An Interdisciplinary Reader

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019682
eISBN:
9780262317245
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019682.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

Since the 19th century, we have come to think of disease in terms of specific entities--entities defined and legitimated in terms of characteristic somatic mechanisms. Since the last third of that ... More


A Psychoanalytic Theory of Personality Disorders

Otto F. Kernberg

in Aggressivity, Narcissism, and Self-Destructiveness in the Psychotherapeutic Rela: New Developments in the Psychopathology and Psychotherapy of Severe Personality Disorders

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300101805
eISBN:
9780300128383
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300101805.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter develops a psychoanalytic theory of the etiology, structure, and mutual relations of the personality disorders. The discussions cover categorical versus dimensional models; temperament, ... More


Breakdowns and Failure Modes: An Engineer’s View

A. David Redish and Joshua A. Gordon

in Computational Psychiatry: New Perspectives on Mental Illness

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262035422
eISBN:
9780262337854
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035422.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Psychiatry faces a number of challenges due largely to the complexity of the relationship between mind and brain. Starting from the now well-justified assumption that the mind is instantiated in the ... More


How Could We Get Nosology from Computation?

Christoph Mathys

in Computational Psychiatry: New Perspectives on Mental Illness

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262035422
eISBN:
9780262337854
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035422.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Psychiatry has found it difficult to develop a nosology that allows for the targeted treatment of disorders of the mind. This article sets out a possible way forward: harnessing systems theory to ... More


Current State of Psychiatric Nosology

Michael B. First

in Computational Psychiatry: New Perspectives on Mental Illness

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262035422
eISBN:
9780262337854
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035422.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Psychiatric classifications categorize how patients present to mental health care professionals and are necessarily utilitarian. From the clinician’s perspective, the most important goal of a ... More


Computational Nosology and Precision Psychiatry: A Proof of Concept

Karl J. Friston

in Computational Psychiatry: New Perspectives on Mental Illness

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262035422
eISBN:
9780262337854
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035422.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter provides an illustrative treatment of psychiatric morbidity that offers an alternative to the standard nosological model in psychiatry. It considers what would happen if we treated ... More


Addiction as Accomplishment: The Discursive Construction of Disease

Craig Reinarman

in Applied Ethics in Mental Health Care: An Interdisciplinary Reader

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019682
eISBN:
9780262317245
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019682.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

The ubiquity of the disease concept of addiction obscures the fact that it did not emerge from the accretion of scientific discoveries. Addiction-as-disease has been continuously redefined, mostly in ... More


Idiocy and the Conceptual Economy of Madness

Murray K. Simpson

in Intellectual disability: A conceptual history, 1200-1900

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781526125316
eISBN:
9781526136213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526125316.003.0010
Subject:
History, Social History

The binary relationship between ‘intellectual disability’ and ‘mental illness’ is widely regarded as self-evident and long-established. This chapter demonstrates that the historical, and continuing, ... More


Bodies, Diseases, Images

Domenico Bertoloni Meli

in Visualizing Disease: The Art and History of Pathological Illustrations

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226110295
eISBN:
9780226463636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226463636.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The Introduction discusses a number of themes relevant to the visual representation of diseased states, ranging from medical to art history. It focuses in particular on the practice of postmortem and ... More


The Nosology of Cutaneous Diseases

Domenico Bertoloni Meli

in Visualizing Disease: The Art and History of Pathological Illustrations

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226110295
eISBN:
9780226463636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226463636.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Although strictly speaking skin diseases do not belong to pathological anatomy, they played an important role in its development. The work by Robert Willan and his follower Thomas Bateman opened a ... More


Concluding Reflections

Domenico Bertoloni Meli

in Visualizing Disease: The Art and History of Pathological Illustrations

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226110295
eISBN:
9780226463636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226463636.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The brief concluding chapter puts the main results of this far-reaching investigation under a sharper light. It highlights that visual representations of disease did not grow linearly in accuracy and ... More


Madness Is …

Theodore Jun Yoo

in It's Madness: The Politics of Mental Health in Colonial Korea

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520289307
eISBN:
9780520964044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520289307.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter addresses the emergence of clinical psychiatry as a discipline and the competing models of care under the Japanese colonial authorities and Western missionary doctors. In particular, it ... More


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