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From Epistemic Expressivism to Epistemic Inferentialism

Matthew Chrisman

in Social Epistemology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199577477
eISBN:
9780191595189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577477.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

Recent philosophical debate about the meaning of knowledge claims has largely centred on the question of whether epistemic claims are plausibly thought to be context sensitive. The default assumption ... More


Normative Concepts

Matti Eklund

in Choosing Normative Concepts

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198717829
eISBN:
9780191787331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198717829.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

What is it for a concept to be normative? Some possible answers are explored and rejected, among them that a concept is normative if it ascribes a normative property. The positive answer defended is ... More


Law and Reason

Katja Maria Vogt

in Law, Reason, and the Cosmic City: Political Philosophy in the Early Stoa

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195320091
eISBN:
9780199869657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320091.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

It is argued that the two dominant ways of reconstructing the Stoic conception of law—as a set of rules (rules‐interpretation) or as identified with the perfect decision‐making of the sage ... More


Nietzsche’s Normative Theory? The Art and Skill of Living Well

Peter Railton

in Nietzsche, Naturalism, and Normativity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199583676
eISBN:
9780191745294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583676.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

A satisfactory interpretation of Nietzsche's complex writings should help us see whether a coherent and distinctive normative theory is to be found there. At least four serious problems confront the ... More


The Paradigm of Law Enforcement

Nils Melzer

in Targeted Killing in International Law

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199533169
eISBN:
9780191714511
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533169.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter discusses the concept of law enforcement. The basic concept of law enforcement comprises all territorial and extraterritorial measures taken by a State to vertically impose public ... More


Normative Properties

Matti Eklund

in Choosing Normative Concepts

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198717829
eISBN:
9780191787331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198717829.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

What is it for a property to be normative? Some possible answers are explored and rejected in this chapter, among them that a property is normative if it is ascribed by some normative concept. A ... More


The Pitfalls of ‘Reasons’

Ralph Wedgwood

in The Value of Rationality

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198802693
eISBN:
9780191841972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198802693.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Many philosophers working on normative issues follow the ‘Reasons First’ program. According to this program, the concept of a ‘normative reason’ for an action or an attitude is the most fundamental ... More


Authoritatively Normative Concepts

Tristram McPherson

in Oxford Studies in Metaethics 13

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198823841
eISBN:
9780191862625
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198823841.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter offers an analysis of the authoritatively normative concept PRACTICAL OUGHT that appeals to the constitutive norms for the activity of non-arbitrary selection. It argues that this ... More


The Triviality Objection

Samuel Scheffler

in On What Matters: Volume Two

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199572816
eISBN:
9780191809873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199572816.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter is about Triviality Objection. It first examines normative concepts and natural properties, including the concept of the natural property that makes acts right and the concept of being ... More


Choosing Normative Concepts

Matti Eklund

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198717829
eISBN:
9780191787331
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198717829.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Theorists working on metaethics and the nature of normativity typically study goodness, rightness, what ought to be done, etc. In their investigations they employ and consider our actual normative ... More


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