Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 47 items

  • Keywords: non-identity x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Future People: A Moderate Consequentialist Account of our Obligations to Future Generations

Tim Mulgan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199282203
eISBN:
9780191603624
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019928220X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book develops a new theory of the obligations to future generations, based on a new Rule Consequentialist account of the morality of individual reproduction. The result is a coherent, ... More


Luck, Value, and Commitment: Themes From the Ethics of Bernard Williams

Ulrike Heuer and Gerald Lang (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199599325
eISBN:
9780191741500
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599325.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book comprises eleven chapters which engage with, or take their point of departure from, the influential work in moral and political philosophy of Bernard Williams (1929–2003). Various themes of ... More


Climate Change and Intergenerational Justice

Steve Vanderheiden

in Atmospheric Justice: A Political Theory of Climate Change

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195334609
eISBN:
9780199868759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334609.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter examines the extension of egalitarian justice theory to relations between generations (or intergenerational justice), as climate change likewise has effects upon future generations that ... More


Compensation for Historic International Injustice

Daniel Butt

in Rectifying International Injustice: Principles of Compensation and Restitution Between Nations

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199218240
eISBN:
9780191711589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218240.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines claims that compensation should be paid as a result of the lasting harm and benefit caused by historic injustice. It argues that present day parties who have benefited from the ... More


Why Coming into Existence is Always a Harm

David Benatar

in Better Never to Have Been: The Harm of Coming into Existence

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199296422
eISBN:
9780191712005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296422.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Engaging the non-identity problem, this chapter begins by showing that it is possible to be harmed by being brought into existence. In the process, a distinction is drawn between two quality of life ... More


Justification, Regret, and Moral Complaint: Looking Forward and Looking Backward on (and in) Human Life

R. Jay Wallace

in Luck, Value, and Commitment: Themes From the Ethics of Bernard Williams

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199599325
eISBN:
9780191741500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599325.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Consider a teenage girl who is contemplating motherhood. Prior to her becoming pregnant, it seems that she might truly judge that it would be a bad thing on balance to have a child at this stage in ... More


The Limits of Reproductive Freedom

David Benatar

in Procreation and Parenthood: The Ethics of Bearing and Rearing Children

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199590704
eISBN:
9780191595547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590704.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

It is argued that the strength or scope of the right to reproductive freedom currently recognized in liberal democracies needs to be reconsidered, such that it does not include a right to engage in ... More


Enough for the Future

Lukas H. Meyer and Dominic Roser

in Intergenerational Justice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199282951
eISBN:
9780191712319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282951.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Reflecting the normative significance of specific features of intergenerational relations this chapter investigates the justice claims of future people vis-à-vis currently living people. It discusses ... More


Wronging Future People: A Contractualist Proposal

Rahul Kumar

in Intergenerational Justice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199282951
eISBN:
9780191712319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282951.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The discussion of obligations to future generations often assumes that though the global poor can be wronged because there are obligations the affluent owe to them, those who will live in the further ... More


Ethics, Embryos, and Infertility

Ruth Deech and Anna Smajdor

in From IVF to Immortality: Controversy in the Era of Reproductive Technology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199219780
eISBN:
9780191713002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219780.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter explores the ethical issues raised by reproductive technologies. The authors discuss the idea that relief of infertility is in itself a worthy ethical goal. They evaluate the concept of ... More


The Third Man

John Malcolm

in Plato on the Self-Predication of Forms: Early and Middle Dialogues

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198239062
eISBN:
9780191679827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198239062.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter undertakes some observations of the Third Man Argument (TMA). Although the two basic assumptions upon which the TMA rests are inconsistent — for by Non-Identity the Form is not an ... More


Third Man Arguments

Gail Fine

in On Ideas: Aristotle's Criticism of Plato's Theory of Forms

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198235491
eISBN:
9780191597398
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198235496.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The Third Man Argument is a regress argument that purports to show that if there is even one form of F, then there are infinitely many forms of F. That a regress can be identified is in itself an ... More


Is Plato Vulnerable to the Third Man Argument?

Gail Fine

in On Ideas: Aristotle's Criticism of Plato's Theory of Forms

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198235491
eISBN:
9780191597398
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198235496.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

If Plato is committed to the premises of the Third Man Argument, he is vulnerable to the Third Man Argument. Fine has argued that Plato is committed to self‐predication (in a broad sense); hence, if ... More


The Non‐Identity Problem

Derek Parfit

in Reasons and Persons

Published in print:
1986
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198249085
eISBN:
9780191598173
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019824908X.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Examines how our identity depends on when we were conceived. It discusses cases that involve all and only the same people, same numbers but different people, and different numbers of people; what ... More


Next Steps

Matthew D. Adler

in Well-Being and Fair Distribution: Beyond Cost-Benefit Analysis

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195384994
eISBN:
9780199918348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195384994.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter outlines three large, difficult, and important problems, connected to the social welfare function (SWF) framework. First, what is the appropriate legal role of the SWF framework? Should ... More


Future Persons and Their Independence

Anja J. Karnein

in A Theory of Unborn Life: From Abortion to Genetic Manipulation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199782475
eISBN:
9780199933297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199782475.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter spells out what it means to respect the independence of future persons. People frequently overlook the dangers inherent in the asymmetry of the relationship between the generations. They ... More


The Tyranny of the Contemporary

Stephen M. Gardiner

in A Perfect Moral Storm: The Ethical Tragedy of Climate Change

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195379440
eISBN:
9780199897100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379440.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that the distant future poses a severe moral problem, the nature and extent of which has not yet been adequately appreciated. It also claims (1) that the problem is the main ... More


“For We Born After”: The Challenge of Sustainable Critique

Daniel J. Levine

in Recovering International Relations: The Promise of Sustainable Critique

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199916061
eISBN:
9780199980246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199916061.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Why is reification so resilient, and critique so difficult to sustain? Developing a critique of knowledge with its roots in Theodor Adorno’s Negative Dialectics, this chapter shows the depth of the ... More


The Non-Identity Problem and the Ethics of Future People

David Boonin

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199682935
eISBN:
9780191787713
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682935.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Our actions sometimes have an effect not only on the quality of life that people will enjoy in the future, but on which particular people will exist in the future to enjoy it. In cases where this is ... More


The Risk of a Lifetime: How, When, and Why Procreation May Be Permissible

Rivka Weinberg

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780190243708
eISBN:
9780190243722
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190243708.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This book is an argument for giving procreating moral consideration, and a theory of how, when, and why procreation may be permissible. It begins with an analysis of the kind of act procreativity is ... More


View: