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Targeting the Poor: The Politics of Social Policy Reforms in Mexico

Kerianne Piester

in The New Politics of Inequality in Latin America: Rethinking Participation and Representation

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198781837
eISBN:
9780191598968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198781830.003.0019
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Responding to the crisis of shrinking state budgets and rising social demands in the 1980s, the Mexican government experimented with a new participatory poverty alleviation model. Targeting the poor ... More


War, Peace, and Memory Politics in Central America *

Rachel Sieder

in The Politics of Memory and Democratization

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240906
eISBN:
9780191598869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240906.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter considers the role of ‘memory politics’ – understood as the combination of official and unofficial attempts to deal with the legacy of past violations – in the struggle for ... More


The Role of NGOs and Civil Society in Advancing Human Security in Africa

Rachel Murray

in Protecting Human Security in Africa

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199578986
eISBN:
9780191595202
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578986.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter examines the role of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in the African human rights mechanism and their contribution to the development of issues relating to human security. It first ... More


Accountability

Richard Caplan

in International Governance of War-Torn Territories: Rule and Reconstruction

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199263455
eISBN:
9780191602726
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199263450.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Although international administrators wield enormous power, they are not directly accountable to the populations over which they rule. Strictly speaking, a transitional administrator is accountable ... More


Transnational Democracy: Beyond the Cosmopolitan Model

John S. Dryzek

in Deliberative Democracy and Beyond: Liberals, Critics, Contestations

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250431
eISBN:
9780191717253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925043X.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Globalization means that political control moves into the international system. Transnational democracy can follow suit, through democratization of the discourses that pervade and coordinate ... More


Relations With Other Organs

Sydney D. Bailey and Sam Daws

in The Procedure of the UN Security Council

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280736
eISBN:
9780191598746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280734.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Discusses relations of the UN Security Council with other organs. The first organ discussed is the UN Military Staff Committee, for which a chronology of activities and instructions is given for the ... More


International Recognition of Refugees

Gil Loescher

in The UNHCR and World Politics: A Perilous Path

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246915
eISBN:
9780191599781
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246912.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Beginning with the establishment by the League of Nations of the first High Commissioner for Refugees in 1921, the scope and functions of assistance programmes for refugees gradually expanded, as ... More


The Ages of Voluntarism: How we got to the Big Society

Matthew Hilton and James McKay (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264829
eISBN:
9780191754036
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264829.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This book provides the historical background to the rise of the Big Society, surveying the history of voluntarism over the last century. Politicians and commentators have long bemoaned the supposed ... More


Redefining the Public/private Mix: NGOs and the Emergency Social Investment Fund in Ecuador

Monique Segarra

in The New Politics of Inequality in Latin America: Rethinking Participation and Representation

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198781837
eISBN:
9780191598968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198781830.003.0020
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Over the past decade, the World Bank has pressed its borrowers to include NGOs in ‘partnerships’ that range from shared design and implementation of projects, to substantive negotiation over ... More


The ages of voluntarism: An introduction

Matthew Hilton and James Mckay

in The Ages of Voluntarism: How we got to the Big Society

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264829
eISBN:
9780191754036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264829.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This introductory chapter provides the historical background to the rise of the Big Society, surveying the history of voluntarism over the last century. Politicians and commentators have long ... More


Popular Responses to State‐Sponsored Violence in Brazil

Paulo Sérgio Pinheiro

in The New Politics of Inequality in Latin America: Rethinking Participation and Representation

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198781837
eISBN:
9780191598968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198781830.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Highlights a fundamental contradiction in Brazil's democracy: the coexistence of political rights with pervasive human rights abuse. Political violence, condoned by the state, inhibits the extension ... More


Minority Rights: Norms and Institutions

Gudmundur Alfredsson

in New Institutions for Human Rights Protection

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199570546
eISBN:
9780191705496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570546.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter outlines and analyses the main human rights and minority rights instruments that have been adopted by a range of international and regional organizations; presents an overview of ... More


A short history of ‘pro-poor policy’ 1970–2010

Paul Mosley

in The Politics of Poverty Reduction

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199692125
eISBN:
9780191739286
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692125.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, Macro- and Monetary Economics

When development studies were born, after decolonization in the middle of the twentieth century, poverty was not an important concern of policy-makers. This chapter asks how this situation changed in ... More


The Evolving Status of NGOs under International Law: A Threat to the Inter-State System?

Menno T. Kamminga

in State, Sovereignty, and International Governance

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199245383
eISBN:
9780191697456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199245383.003.0017
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

In the recent past, concerns have been voiced with regard to the influence of non-state actors, in particular non-governmental organizations (NGOs), on the international decision-making process. Some ... More


Achieving Quality Primary Education for the Poor Through State–NGO Partnerships

Ebony Bertorelli and Aneel Brar

in Lessons in Educational Equality: Successful Approaches to Intractable Problems Around the World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199755011
eISBN:
9780199918867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755011.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

International efforts to increase equity, quality and access in primary education increasingly include calls to expand governance and educational resources by fostering partnerships between ... More


Arenas of Citizenship: Civil Society, the State, and the Global Order

Alison M. Jaggar

in Women and Citizenship

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780195175349
eISBN:
9780199835775
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195175344.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Traditional conceptions of citizenship have privileged individuals’ relationships to the state. However, recent emphasis on civil society as a terrain of democratic empowerment suggests a shift in ... More


Refugee community organisations and dispersal: Networks, resources and social capital

David Griffiths

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861346346
eISBN:
9781447303152
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861346346.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This book is distinctive in combining theoretical discussion on the role of networks, resources, and social capital with fieldwork evidence and interviews with members of Refugee Community ... More


Legitimacy, Coherence and Governance

Bernard M. Hoekman and Michel M. Kostecki

in The Political Economy of the World Trading System: WTO and Beyond

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294313
eISBN:
9780191596445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829431X.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter discusses the role of industry groups and NGOs in the formulation of trade policies at the national and global level, and the importance of transparency and openness in policy formation ... More


Can Rights Undermine Trust?: How Institutions Work and Why They Fail

André Béteille

in Democracy and Its Institutions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198080961
eISBN:
9780199082049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198080961.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter examines the importance of rights in social life and the social significance of trust. It argues that rights and trust are both indispensable constituents of collective life, and that no ... More


Political Spaces

Denise Tse-Shang Tang

in Conditional Spaces: Hong Kong Lesbian Desires and Everyday Life

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9789888083015
eISBN:
9789882209855
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888083015.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

The term tongzhi is contested for its earlier primary definition to mean gay and middle class. It is used within LGBT activist communities and non-governmental organizations to denote politics that ... More


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