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John Buridan

Gyula Klima

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195176223
eISBN:
9780199871957
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176223.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Church History

John Buridan (ca. 1300–1362) has worked out perhaps the most comprehensive account of nominalism in the history of Western thought, the philosophical doctrine according to which the only universals ... More


Mathematics without Numbers: Towards a Modal-Structural Interpretation

Geoffrey Hellman

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198240341
eISBN:
9780191597664
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198240341.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Develops a structuralist understanding of mathematics, as an alternative to set‐ or type‐theoretic foundations, that respects classical mathematical truth while minimizing Platonist commitments to ... More


Constructibility and Mathematical Existence

Charles S. Chihara

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198239758
eISBN:
9780191597190
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198239750.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

A continuation of the study of mathematical existence begun in Ontology and the Vicious‐Circle Principle (published in 1973); in the present work, Quine's indispensability argument is rebutted by the ... More


A Subject With No Object: Strategies for Nominalistic Interpretation of Mathematics

John P. Burgess and Gideon Rosen

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250128
eISBN:
9780191597138
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250126.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Numbers and other mathematical objects are exceptional in having no locations in space and time and no causes or effects in the physical world. This makes it difficult to account for the possibility ... More


Art and Abstract Objects

Christy Mag Uidhir (ed.)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199691494
eISBN:
9780191746277
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691494.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The standard way of thinking about non-repeatable (single-instance) artworks such as paintings, drawings, and non-cast sculpture is that they are concrete things (i.e. material, causally efficacious, ... More


Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion Volume 4

Jonathan Kvanvig (ed.)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199656417
eISBN:
9780191742163
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656417.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This book is an annual volume offering a regular snapshot of state-of-the-art work in this longstanding area of philosophy that has seen an explosive growth of interest over the past half century. ... More


Tropes: Properties, Objects, and Mental Causation

Douglas Ehring

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199608539
eISBN:
9780191729607
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608539.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

The main goal of this work is to provide a metaphysical account of properties and of how they are related to concrete particulars. On the broadest level, this work is a defense of tropes and of trope ... More


Natural Law and Natural Inclinations

Matthew Levering

in Biblical Natural Law: A Theocentric and Teleological Approach

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199535293
eISBN:
9780191715839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535293.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This chapter surveys the efforts of three contemporary Catholic theorists to recover a deeper appreciation for the natural law: Martin Rhonheimer, Servais Pinckaers, and Graham McAleer. Whereas ... More


 The Cross in Early Renaissance Theology and Art

Richard Viladesau

in The Triumph of the Cross: The Passion of Christ in Theology and the Arts from the Renaissance to the Counter-Reformation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195335668
eISBN:
9780199869015
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335668.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter examines the place of the cross in the theology and preaching of the century leading into the Protestant Reformation. The writings of Vincent Ferrer and Girolomo Savonarola provide ... More


Buridan’s Essentialist Nominalism

Gyula Klima

in John Buridan

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195176223
eISBN:
9780199871957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176223.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The final chapter provides a summary account of Buridan’s essentialist nominalism, showing how Buridan can successfully claim to be both a nominalist denying the existence of real shared essences and ... More


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