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Memories, Magic, & a Major Addiction

Gary L. Wenk

in Your Brain on Food: How Chemicals Control Your Thoughts and Feelings

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195388541
eISBN:
9780199863587
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388541.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

The actions of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine influence the function of many brain regions. Within these regions, acetylcholine allows you to learn and remember, to regulate your attention and ... More


Epilogue Risk, Benefit, and Uncertainty

Frederick Rowe Davis

in Banned: A History of Pesticides and the Science of Toxicology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780300205176
eISBN:
9780300210378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300205176.003.0009
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

This chapter examines neonicotinoids, synthesized compounds from nicotine and related insecticidal compounds. Agricultural usage of neonicitinoids exploded when the EPA cancelled the registrations of ... More


In their own words: an epoch of deceit and deception

Channing Robertson and Richard Hurt

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter illustrates the tobacco industry's efforts over the last fifty years to deceive the public against the adverse health effects of smoking and the fact that nicotine was a drug or that it ... More


Pharmacology of tobacco addiction

Jack E. Henningfield and Neal L. Benowitz

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the mechanisms underlying dependence on tobacco and nicotine. Topics covered include the pharmacology of nicotine, dose-related effects, nicotine toxicology, a comparison of ... More


Manipulating product design to reinforce tobacco addiction

Geoffrey Ferris Wayne and Carrie M. Carpenter

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter shows how tobacco manufacturers began programmes for manipulation of nicotine more than fifty years ago and refined these efforts over decades, altering product characteristics in order ... More


Nicotine content in tobacco and tobacco smoke

Mirjana V. Djordjevic

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter shows that all tobaccos used for factory and hand-made products (e.g., Oriental, Virginia, burley, reconstituted tobacco sheets) contain nicotine and many other alkaloids. The ... More


Brain Development: Normal Processes and the Effects of Alcohol and Nicotine

Michael W. Miller (ed.)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195183139
eISBN:
9780199865147
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183139.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This is the first book about both normal development of the nervous system and how early exposure to alcohol and nicotine interferes with this development. The developing nervous system is highly ... More


Similarities and Differences

Philip B. Heymann

in Living the Policy Process

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195335385
eISBN:
9780199851690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335385.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

The cases outlined in this chapter describe two sequential stages in an effort to prevent the many harms of smoking. In the first case, Dr. David Kessler, Administrator of the Food and Drug ... More


Rival Coalitions and Congress as the Decision Maker

Philip B. Heymann

in Living the Policy Process

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195335385
eISBN:
9780199851690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335385.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter continues the story from the previous chapter. The Supreme Court held that a regulatory statute aimed at unsafe drugs and devices does not authorize regulation of a drug (nicotine) and a ... More


Medicating the Underclass? Pharmaceutical Public Health and the Discovery of Addiction

Virginia Berridge

in Marketing Health: Smoking and the Discourse of Public Health in Britain, 1945-2000

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199260300
eISBN:
9780191717376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199260300.003.0010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Smoking and tobacco became an important ‘cross-over point’ for the incorporation of concepts of addiction into the public health mainstream. In the course of this accommodation, the definition of ... More


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