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Memories, Magic, & a Major Addiction

Gary L. Wenk

in Your Brain on Food: How Chemicals Control Your Thoughts and Feelings

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195388541
eISBN:
9780199863587
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388541.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

The actions of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine influence the function of many brain regions. Within these regions, acetylcholine allows you to learn and remember, to regulate your attention and ... More


Epilogue Risk, Benefit, and Uncertainty

Frederick Rowe Davis

in Banned: A History of Pesticides and the Science of Toxicology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780300205176
eISBN:
9780300210378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300205176.003.0009
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

This chapter examines neonicotinoids, synthesized compounds from nicotine and related insecticidal compounds. Agricultural usage of neonicitinoids exploded when the EPA cancelled the registrations of ... More


In their own words: an epoch of deceit and deception

Channing Robertson and Richard Hurt

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter illustrates the tobacco industry's efforts over the last fifty years to deceive the public against the adverse health effects of smoking and the fact that nicotine was a drug or that it ... More


Pharmacology of tobacco addiction

Jack E. Henningfield and Neal L. Benowitz

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the mechanisms underlying dependence on tobacco and nicotine. Topics covered include the pharmacology of nicotine, dose-related effects, nicotine toxicology, a comparison of ... More


Manipulating product design to reinforce tobacco addiction

Geoffrey Ferris Wayne and Carrie M. Carpenter

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter shows how tobacco manufacturers began programmes for manipulation of nicotine more than fifty years ago and refined these efforts over decades, altering product characteristics in order ... More


Nicotine content in tobacco and tobacco smoke

Mirjana V. Djordjevic

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter shows that all tobaccos used for factory and hand-made products (e.g., Oriental, Virginia, burley, reconstituted tobacco sheets) contain nicotine and many other alkaloids. The ... More


Brain Development: Normal Processes and the Effects of Alcohol and Nicotine

Michael W. Miller (ed.)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195183139
eISBN:
9780199865147
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183139.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This is the first book about both normal development of the nervous system and how early exposure to alcohol and nicotine interferes with this development. The developing nervous system is highly ... More


Similarities and Differences

Philip B. Heymann

in Living the Policy Process

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195335385
eISBN:
9780199851690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335385.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

The cases outlined in this chapter describe two sequential stages in an effort to prevent the many harms of smoking. In the first case, Dr. David Kessler, Administrator of the Food and Drug ... More


Rival Coalitions and Congress as the Decision Maker

Philip B. Heymann

in Living the Policy Process

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195335385
eISBN:
9780199851690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335385.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter continues the story from the previous chapter. The Supreme Court held that a regulatory statute aimed at unsafe drugs and devices does not authorize regulation of a drug (nicotine) and a ... More


Medicating the Underclass? Pharmaceutical Public Health and the Discovery of Addiction

Virginia Berridge

in Marketing Health: Smoking and the Discourse of Public Health in Britain, 1945-2000

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199260300
eISBN:
9780191717376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199260300.003.0010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Smoking and tobacco became an important ‘cross-over point’ for the incorporation of concepts of addiction into the public health mainstream. In the course of this accommodation, the definition of ... More


Clearing the Air: The Rise and Fall of Smoking in the Workplace

Gregory Wood

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781501704826
eISBN:
9781501706349
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501704826.001.0001
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This book examines smoking's importance to the social and cultural history of working people in twentieth-century United States. Now that most workplaces in the United States are smoke-free, it may ... More


Models of Neurotoxicity Provide Unique Insight into Normal Development

Michael W. Miller

in Brain Development: Normal Processes and the Effects of Alcohol and Nicotine

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195183139
eISBN:
9780199865147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183139.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter begins with a brief discussion of the purpose of the book, which is to examine three contrasting situations in brain development: normal development, ethanol affected development, and ... More


Prenatal Nicotine Exposure and Animal Behavior

Brenda M. Elliott and Neil E. Grunberg

in Brain Development: Normal Processes and the Effects of Alcohol and Nicotine

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195183139
eISBN:
9780199865147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183139.003.0020
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter discusses knowledge gained from studies of the effects of prenatal nicotine and tobacco exposure on the behavior and development of the offspring. It focuses on rodents because most ... More


Neuronal Receptors for Nicotine: Functional Diversity and Developmental Changes

Huibert D. Mansvelder and Lorna W. Role

in Brain Development: Normal Processes and the Effects of Alcohol and Nicotine

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195183139
eISBN:
9780199865147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183139.003.0021
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

The nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) is the principal target-mediator of nicotine from smoking and chewing of tobacco. The effects of nicotine on offspring of pregnant smokers are widespread, ... More


Health Promotion for Pharmacists

Alison Blenkinsopp, Rhona Panton, and Claire Anderson

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192630445
eISBN:
9780191723575
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630445.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This book reviews health promotion in the context of the pharmacy practice. Since the publication of the first edition, major changes have taken place in the involvement of pharmacists in health ... More


Tobacco

MICHAEL J. THUN and S. JANE HENLEY

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149616
eISBN:
9780199865062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149616.003.0013
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter considers the factors that transformed tobacco use from a ceremonial practice in pre-Columbian times to a global epidemic. It discusses the role of nicotine addiction in sustaining and ... More


Germany

Barbara Forey, Jan Hamling, Peter Lee, and Nicholas Wald

in International Smoking Statistics: A collection of historical data from 30 economically developed countries

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198508564
eISBN:
9780191723773
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508564.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter covers West and East Germany separately from 1948–1989, otherwise Germany as a whole. Annual data on national sales of all types of tobacco products are presented for the years ... More


Japan

Barbara Forey, Jan Hamling, Peter Lee, and Nicholas Wald

in International Smoking Statistics: A collection of historical data from 30 economically developed countries

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198508564
eISBN:
9780191723773
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508564.003.0017
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents annual data for Japan on national sales of all types of tobacco products, including cigarettes, pipes, and cigars for the years 1920–1995. These data are also presented on a ... More


New Zealand

Barbara Forey, Jan Hamling, Peter Lee, and Nicholas Wald

in International Smoking Statistics: A collection of historical data from 30 economically developed countries

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198508564
eISBN:
9780191723773
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508564.003.0019
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents annual data for New Zealand on national sales of all types of tobacco products for the years 1920–1995. Manufactured and hand-rolled cigarettes and pipe are considered, use of ... More


Poland

Barbara Forey, Jan Hamling, Peter Lee, and Nicholas Wald

in International Smoking Statistics: A collection of historical data from 30 economically developed countries

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198508564
eISBN:
9780191723773
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508564.003.0021
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents annual data for Poland on national sales of all types of tobacco products for the years 1925–1957. Cigarettes with and without mouthpiece are considered, as well as pipes and ... More


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