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Concepts of Niches

A. Townsend Peterson, Jorge Soberón, Richard G. Pearson, Robert P. Anderson, Enrique Martínez-Meyer, Miguel Nakamura, and Miguel Bastos Araújo

in Ecological Niches and Geographic Distributions (MPB-49)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136868
eISBN:
9781400840670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136868.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter proposes a formal and operational definition of a particular niche concept, introduces approaches for characterizing and measuring it, and uses it as a conceptual and terminological ... More


Conclusions

A. Townsend Peterson, Jorge Soberón, Richard G. Pearson, Robert P. Anderson, Enrique Martínez-Meyer, Miguel Nakamura, and Miguel Bastos Araújo

in Ecological Niches and Geographic Distributions (MPB-49)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136868
eISBN:
9781400840670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136868.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This book has described a comprehensive framework for thinking about the geography and ecology of species distributions, arguing that such a framework is critical to further progress in the field of ... More


The Niche Concept

Eric Post

in Ecology of Climate Change: The Importance of Biotic Interactions

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148472
eISBN:
9781400846139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148472.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses the niche concept. One of the earliest applications of the niche theory in quantitative ecology addressed the seemingly simple question of the extent to which the niches of two ... More


Niches and Geographic Distributions

A. Townsend Peterson, Jorge Soberón, Richard G. Pearson, Robert P. Anderson, Enrique Martínez-Meyer, Miguel Nakamura, and Miguel Bastos Araújo

in Ecological Niches and Geographic Distributions (MPB-49)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136868
eISBN:
9781400840670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136868.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter considers a concept of niche that emphasizes multidimensional spaces of scenopoetic variables and provides a natural connection to the study of geographic distributions of species. It ... More


Species’ Invasions

A. Townsend Peterson, Jorge Soberón, Richard G. Pearson, Robert P. Anderson, Enrique Martínez-Meyer, Miguel Nakamura, and Miguel Bastos Araújo

in Ecological Niches and Geographic Distributions (MPB-49)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136868
eISBN:
9781400840670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136868.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses the use of ecological niche modeling to study species invasions, and more specifically to identify and understand genuine exceptions to ecological niche equivalency between ... More


Mergers: Good or Bad for Unions?

Roger Undy

in Trade Union Merger Strategies: Purpose, Process, and Performance

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199544943
eISBN:
9780191719936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544943.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, HRM / IR

The effect of mergers on the partner unions' post‐merger performance is addressed before assessing the implications of union mergers for the wider trade union movements' revitalization. It is ... More


Linking Niches with Evolutionary Processes

A. Townsend Peterson, Jorge Soberón, Richard G. Pearson, Robert P. Anderson, Enrique Martínez-Meyer, Miguel Nakamura, and Miguel Bastos Araújo

in Ecological Niches and Geographic Distributions (MPB-49)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136868
eISBN:
9781400840670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136868.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines how the process of ecological niche evolution and diversification helps us better understand ecology, biogeography, and biodiversity. It first considers how species respond to ... More


Ecological Niches and Geographic Distributions (MPB-49)

A. Townsend Peterson, Jorge Soberón, Richard G. Pearson, Robert P. Anderson, Enrique Martínez-Meyer, Miguel Nakamura, and Miguel B. Araújo

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136868
eISBN:
9781400840670
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136868.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This book provides a first synthetic view of an emerging area of ecology and biogeography, linking individual- and population-level processes to geographic distributions and biodiversity patterns. ... More


Discovering Biodiversity

A. Townsend Peterson, Jorge Soberón, Richard G. Pearson, Robert P. Anderson, Enrique Martínez-Meyer, Miguel Nakamura, and Miguel Bastos Araújo

in Ecological Niches and Geographic Distributions (MPB-49)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136868
eISBN:
9781400840670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136868.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses the conceptual basis of using ecological niche modeling for discovering new elements of biodiversity. More specifically, it examines the use of ecological niche models to guide ... More


Niches and Distributions in Practice: Overview

A. Townsend Peterson, Jorge Soberón, Richard G. Pearson, Robert P. Anderson, Enrique Martínez-Meyer, Miguel Nakamura, and Miguel Bastos Araújo

in Ecological Niches and Geographic Distributions (MPB-49)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136868
eISBN:
9781400840670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136868.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter considers the practice of modeling ecological niches and estimating geographic distributions. It first introduces the general principles and definitions underlying ecological niche ... More


Environmental Data

A. Townsend Peterson, Jorge Soberón, Richard G. Pearson, Robert P. Anderson, Enrique Martínez-Meyer, Miguel Nakamura, and Miguel Bastos Araújo

in Ecological Niches and Geographic Distributions (MPB-49)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136868
eISBN:
9781400840670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136868.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter focuses on the conceptual and applied aspects of environmental data in the context of building and interpreting ecological niche models. It first examines how different suites of ... More


Modeling Ecological Niches

A. Townsend Peterson, Jorge Soberón, Richard G. Pearson, Robert P. Anderson, Enrique Martínez-Meyer, Miguel Nakamura, and Miguel Bastos Araújo

in Ecological Niches and Geographic Distributions (MPB-49)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136868
eISBN:
9781400840670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136868.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter explains how environmental data can be used to create models that characterize species’ ecological niches in environmental space. It introduces a model, which is a function constructed ... More


Electoral Rules, the Number of Parties, and Niche Party Success

Lawrence Ezrow

in Linking Citizens and Parties: How Electoral Systems Matter for Political Representation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199572526
eISBN:
9780191722752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572526.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

This chapter reports an association between the electoral rules that have been adopted in a political system and niche party electoral competitiveness. The competitiveness of niche parties is defined ... More


Global value chains in the pharmaceutical industry

Jocelyn Probert

in Recovering from Success: Innovation and Technology Management in Japan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297320
eISBN:
9780191711237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297320.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter looks at value chains in the Japanese pharmaceutical industry, which was, until recently, relatively isolated from global consolidation, value chain modularization, and indeed global ... More


Conservation Planning and Climate Change Effects

A. Townsend Peterson, Jorge Soberón, Richard G. Pearson, Robert P. Anderson, Enrique Martínez-Meyer, Miguel Nakamura, and Miguel Bastos Araújo

in Ecological Niches and Geographic Distributions (MPB-49)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136868
eISBN:
9781400840670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136868.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses the use of niche models to help address the “what” and “where” questions in conservation biology as well as climate change effects. It first reviews the conceptual aspects of ... More


Introduction

A. Townsend Peterson, Jorge Soberón, Richard G. Pearson, Robert P. Anderson, Enrique Martínez-Meyer, Miguel Nakamura, and Miguel Bastos Araújo

in Ecological Niches and Geographic Distributions (MPB-49)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136868
eISBN:
9781400840670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136868.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This book deals with ecological niche modeling and species distribution modeling, two emerging fields that address the ecological, geographic, and evolutionary dimensions of geographic distributions ... More


Introduction to Applications

A. Townsend Peterson, Jorge Soberón, Richard G. Pearson, Robert P. Anderson, Enrique Martínez-Meyer, Miguel Nakamura, and Miguel Bastos Araújo

in Ecological Niches and Geographic Distributions (MPB-49)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136868
eISBN:
9781400840670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136868.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter provides an introduction to various applications of correlative approaches used in ecological niche modeling, along with the theoretical principles on which the applications are based. ... More


Sexual size dimorphism: patterns and processes

Martín Alejandro Serrano-Meneses, Alex Córdoba-Aguilar, and Tamás Székely

in Dragonflies and Damselflies: Model Organisms for Ecological and Evolutionary Research

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199230693
eISBN:
9780191710889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230693.003.0018
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

Odonates provide excellent model organisms for testing functional explanations of sexual size dimorphism (SSD) because of their wide variety of habitats, morphology, development, feeding behaviour, ... More


Cognitive Load and Human Decision, or, Three Ways of Rolling the Rock Uphil l

Kim Sterelny

in The Innate Mind: Volume 2: Culture and Cognition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195310139
eISBN:
9780199871209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310139.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter argues that much human decision-making has a high cognitive load, that is, agents make satisfying decisions only by accessing and effectively using information that is hard to get, ... More


Why teach? The evolutionary origins and ecological consequences of costly information transfer

Livio Riboli-Sasco, Sam Brown, and François Taddei

in Sociobiology of Communication: an interdisciplinary perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199216840
eISBN:
9780191712043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216840.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

If teaching is omnipresent in our knowledge societies, we know little about its evolutionary origins and we can hardly predict the outcome of today ever faster speed of information transfer made ... More


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